Walthamstow (UK Parliament constituency)

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Walthamstow
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Walthamstow in .
County Greater London
Electorate 64,482 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1974 (1974)
Member of Parliament Stella Creasy (Labour Co-op)
Number of members One
Created from Walthamstow East
Walthamstow West
18851918
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Walthamstow East and Walthamstow West, Leyton East, Leyton West, and Epping
Created from South Essex
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Walthamstow is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Stella Creasy, a member of the Labour Party and of the Cooperative Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The Walthamstow constituency from 1885-1918, shown within Essex

1885–1918[edit]

The South-Western or Walthamstow Division of the parliamentary county of Essex was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, when the existing seat of South Essex was divided into three single-member constituencies.

The constituency consisted of the three civil parishes of Leyton, Wanstead and Walthamstow. The area lay on the periphery of the London conurbation and became increasingly suburban over its existence.

The seat was abolished under the Representation of the People Act 1918. Two new constituencies were created with Walthamstow Urban District divided between Walthamstow East and Walthamstow West.[2]

1974 – date[edit]

A Walthamstow constituency was again formed in 1974, covering five wards as they stood as defined by local government at the time.[3]

Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which moved no electors here for the 2010 general election since which it has electoral wards:

The only intermediate general election boundary change took place in 1997.

History[edit]

The seat has been represented by the Labour Party since 1992, before which it was won on a marginal majority in 1987 by a Conservative, having until then (since its 1974 recreation as a seat) been served by one Labour MP, Eric Deakins.

The 2010 result was unusual in defying the national swing, producing a greater than 1% one-party swing to the new Labour candidate, Stella Creasy. She took the candidature from Neil Gerrard who was placed on the left of the Labour party. The Liberal Democrat, Farid Ahmed, has been the runner-up since 2005.

Prominent frontbenchers[edit]

Stella Creasy, the present member (incumbent), is the Shadow Minister for Crime Prevention.

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat is that part of Outer London closest to Stratford, with its international rail connections, major city shopping centre and London's Olympic Park. While the seat does not quite adjoin Epping Forest it does border the Lea Valley to its west. The eponymous district had as its open space feature a greyhound racing track, which is set for redevelopment into a modernist housing and green space scheme. Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly higher than the national average of 3.8% and Greater London average of 4%, at 7.2% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[5]

Member of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
1885 Constituency created
1885 Edward North Buxton Liberal
1886 William Thomas Makins Conservative
1892 Edmund Widdrington Byrne Conservative
1897 by-election Sam Woods Liberal-Labour
1900 David John Morgan Conservative
1906 John Simon Liberal
1918 Constituency abolished: see Walthamstow East and Walthamstow West

MPs 1974–present[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
Feb 1974 Constituency re-created
Feb 1974 Eric Deakins Labour
1987 Hugo Summerson Conservative
1992 Neil Gerrard Labour
2010 Stella Creasy Labour Co-op

Election results[edit]

Elections since 1992[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election, May 2010 [7][8]
Electorate: 64,625
Turnout: 40,994 (63.4%) +8.8
Labour Co-op hold
Majority: 9,478 (23.1%)
Swing: 0.04% from Labour Co-op to Lib Dem
Stella Creasy Labour Co-op 21,252 51.8 +1.5
Farid Ahmed Liberal Democrat 11,774 28.7 +1.6
Andy Hemsted Conservative 5,734 14.0 −4.2
Judith Chisholm-Benli UKIP 823 2.0 −0.3
Daniel Perrett Green 767 1.9 +1.9
Nancy Taaffe TUSC 279 0.7 +0.7
Ashar Mall Christian 248 0.6 +0.6
Paul Warburton Independent 117 0.3 +0.3
General election, May 2005 [9]
Electorate: 63,079
Turnout: 34,444 (54.6%) +1.1
Labour hold
Majority: 7,993 (23.2%) −20.9
Swing: 12.2% from Lab to Lib Dem
Neil Gerrard Labour 17,323 50.3 −11.9
Farid Ahmed Liberal Democrat 9,330 27.1 +12.5
Jane Wright Conservative 6,254 18.2 +0.1
Robert Brock UKIP 810 2.4 +1.5
Nancy Taaffe Socialist Alternative 727 2.1 −0.2
General election, June 2001 [10]
Electorate: 64,403
Turnout: 34,429 (53.5%) −9.3
Labour hold
Majority: 15,181 (44.1%) +1.3
Swing: 0.6% from Lab to Con
Neil Gerrard Labour 21,402 62.2 −1.0
Nicholas Boys Smith Conservative 6,221 18.1 −2.2
Peter Dunphy Liberal Democrat 5,024 14.6 +0.9
Simon Donovan Socialist Alternative 806 2.3 n/a
William Phillips BNP 389 1.1 n/a
Gerda Mayer UKIP 298 0.9 n/a
Barbara Duffy ProLife Alliance 289 0.8 n/a
General election, May 1997 [10]
Electorate: 63,818
Turnout: 40,055 (62.8%)
Labour hold
Majority: 17,149 (42.8%)
Neil Gerrard Labour 25,287 63.1 +17.4
Jill Andrew Conservative 8,138 20.3 −16.9
Jane Jackson Liberal Democrat 5,491 13.7
Rev George Hargreaves Referendum Party 1,139 2.8
General election, April 1992 [11]
Electorate: 49,140
Turnout: 34,863 (72.4%)
Labour gain from Conservative
Majority: 3,022 (8.5%)
Neil Gerrard Labour 16,251 45.7 6.7
Hugo Summerson Conservative 13,229 37.2 −1.8
Peter Leighton Liberal Democrat 5,142 14.5
Vernon Wilkinson Liberal 241 0.7 n/a

Elections 1974–1987[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election, June 1987 [12]
Electorate: 48,691
Turnout: 35,232 (72.4%) +3.6
Conservative gain from Labour
Majority: 1,512 (4.29%)
Hugo Summerson Conservative 13,748 39.02 +3.3
Eric Deakins Labour 12,236 34.73 −5.1
Peter Leonard Leighton Social Democratic 8,852 25.1 +3.5
Dr Zafar I. Malik Independent 396 1.12 n/a
General election, June 1983 [13]
new boundaries
Electorate: 48,324
Turnout: 68.8%
Labour hold
Majority: 1,305 (3.9%)
Eric Deakins Labour 13,241 39.8
Alan Amos Conservative 11,936 35.9
Peter Leonard Leighton Social Democratic 7,192 21.6
P Mitchell National Front 444 1.3
Stephen William Lambert Ecology 424 1.3
General election, May 1979 [14]
Electorate: 49,315
Turnout: 35,135 (71.3%) +5.1
Labour hold
Majority: 4,403 (12.5%)
Swing: 9.2% from Lab to Con
Eric Deakins Labour 17,651 50.2 −4.9
S Eyres Conservative 13,248 37.7 +13.4
Mervyn Peter O'Flanagan Liberal 3,117 8.9 −6.1
G Flaxton National Front 1,119 3.2 −2.3
General election, October 1974 [15]
Electorate: 52,280
Turnout: 34,622 (66.2%) −8.7
Labour hold
Majority: 10,664 (30.8%) +8.3
Swing: 4.2% from Con to Lab
Eric Deakins Labour 19,088 55.1 +4.4
D Arnold Conservative 8,424 24.3 −4.0
Mervyn Peter O'Flanagan Liberal 5,199 15.0 −6.0
R Adde National Front 1,911 5.5 n/a
General election, February 1974 [16]
new constituency
Electorate: 51,907
Turnout: 38,875 (74.9%)
Labour win
Majority: 8,374 (22.5%)
Eric Deakins Labour 19,726 50.7
P S Gill Conservative 10,992 28.3
Mervyn Peter O'Flanagan Liberal 8,157 21.0

Elections 1885–1918[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election, December 1910 [17]
Electorate: 39,117
Turnout: 30,273 (77.4%) −0.8
Liberal hold
Majority: 3,723 (12.2%) +3.2
Swing: 1.6% from Con to Lib
John Simon Liberal 16,998 56.1 +1.6
Carlyon Bellairs Conservative 13,275 43.9 −1.6
By-election, November 1910 [17]
Simon appointed as Solicitor General
Electorate: 39,117
Turnout: 30,580 (78.2%) −6.8
Liberal hold
Majority: 2,766 (9.0%) +2.4
Swing: 1.2% from Con to Lib
John Simon Liberal 16,673 54.5 +1.2
Stanley Johnson Conservative 13,907 45.5 −1.2
General election, January 1910 [17]
Electorate: 39,117
Turnout: 33,257 (85.0%) +11.1
Liberal hold
Majority: 2,195 (6.6%) −8.4
Swing: 4.,2% from Lib to Con
John Simon Liberal 17,726 53.3 −4.2
Stanley Johnson Conservative 15,531 46.7 +4.2
General election, 1906 [17]
Electorate: 35,321
Turnout: 16,085 (73.9%) +3.0
Liberal gain from Conservative
Majority: 3,937 (15.0%)
Swing: 14.7% from Con to Lib
John Simon Liberal 15,011 57.5 +14.7
W. I. Shard Conservative 11,074 42.5 −14.7
General election, 1900 [17]
Electorate: 24,187
Turnout: 17,149 (70.9%) +6.6
Conservative gain from Lib-Lab
Majority: 2,465 (14.4%)
Swing: 8.3% from Lib-Lab to Con
David John Morgan Conservative 9,807 57.2 +8.3
Sam Woods Lib-Lab 7,342 42.8 −8.3
By-election, 1897 [17]
Resignation of Byrne
Electorate: 19,845
Turnout: 12,757 (64.3%) +2.1
Lib-Lab gain from Conservative
Majority: 279 (2.2%)
Swing: 11.4% from Con to Lib-Lab
Sam Woods Lib-Lab 6,518 51.1 +11.4
Thomas Dewar Conservative 6,239 48.9 −11.4
General election, 1895 [17]
Electorate: 17,747
Turnout: 11,399 (64.2%) −8.1
Conservative hold
Majority: 2,353 (20.6%) +10.2
Swing: 5.1% from Lib to Con
Edmund Byrne Conservative 6,876 60.3 +5.1
A. J. H. Pollen Liberal 4,423 39.7 −5.1
General election, 1892 [17]
Electorate: 15,323
Turnout: 11,080 (72.3%) +9.1
Conservative hold
Majority: 1,150 (10.4%) −15.2
Swing: 7.6% from Con to Lib
Edmund Byrne Conservative 6,155 55.2 −7.6
W. B. Whittingham Liberal 4,965 44.8 +7.6
General election, 1886 [17]
Electorate: 11,233
Turnout: 7,000 (63.2%) −11.8
Conservative gain from Liberal
Majority: 1,822 (25.6%)
Swing: 13.8% from Lib to Con
William Makins Conservative 4,461 62.8 +13.8
Albert Spicer Liberal 2,639 37.2 −13.8
General election, 1885 [17]
new seat
Electorate: 11,233
Turnout: 8,425 (75.0%)
Liberal win
Majority: 175 (2.0%)
Edward Buxton Liberal 4,300 51.0 n/a
Thomas Baring Conservative 4,125 49.0 n/a

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

References

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Leyton was divided into two seats: Leyton East and Leyton West, while Wanstead was included in the Epping constituency. (Youngs, p.727)
  3. ^ Youngs, p.747
  4. ^ 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
  5. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  6. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  7. ^ "Walthamstow". Election 2010. BBC. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  8. ^ "UK General Election results May 2010". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  9. ^ "UK General Election results May 2005". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  10. ^ a b "UK General Election results 1997 & 2001: Walthamstow". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  11. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  12. ^ "UK General Election results June 1987". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  13. ^ "UK General Election results June 1983". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  14. ^ "UK General Election results May 1979". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  15. ^ "UK General Election results October 1974". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  16. ^ "UK General Election results February 1974". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1989]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 282. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Essex South
UK Parliament constituency
18851918
Succeeded by
Walthamstow East
UK Parliament constituency
18851918
Succeeded by
Walthamstow West
Preceded by
Walthamstow East
UK Parliament constituency
1974 – present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Walthamstow West
UK Parliament constituency
1974 – present