Wanaka

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Wanaka
Town
Wanaka is located in New Zealand
Wanaka
Wanaka
Location of Wanaka within New Zealand
Coordinates: 44°42′S 169°09′E / 44.700°S 169.150°E / -44.700; 169.150Coordinates: 44°42′S 169°09′E / 44.700°S 169.150°E / -44.700; 169.150
Country New Zealand
Region Otago
Territorial authority Queenstown Lakes District
Elevation 290 m (950 ft)
Population (June 2013 estimate)[1]
 • Total 7,320
Time zone NZST (UTC+12)
 • Summer (DST) NZDT (UTC+13)
Postcode 9305
Area code 03

Wanaka /ˈwɒnəkə/ is a town in the Otago region of the South Island of New Zealand. It is situated at the southern end of Lake Wanaka, adjacent to the outflow of the lake to the Clutha River. It is the gateway to Mount Aspiring National Park. Wanaka is primarily a resort town but has both summer and winter seasons and is based around the many outdoor opportunities. Owing to the growing tourism business and the increasing number of retirees in Wanaka, large growth is occurring, with a population increase of up to 50% in the past 10 years.

The town is part of the Queenstown-Lakes District and was originally settled during the gold rush of the 19th century.

History[edit]

The first European in the area was Nathaniel Chalmers, who was guided inland by Chief Reko in 1853. Maori knowledge of the region is evidenced by an earlier sketch map from Chief Te Huruhuru at Waimate.[2]

European settlement began in the Upper Clutha River Valley in the 1850s, with the establishment of sheep stations by runholders. The first station was at Albert Town, the only place where settlers could ford the Clutha River. The present site of Wanaka was first surveyed in 1863,[2] and settlement increased in Pembroke (the old name for Wanaka) during the 1870s because of timber milling in the Matukituki Valley and the use of Lake Wanaka for transport. Tourism in the town began in 1867 with the opening of the first hotel, by Theodore Russell. Wanaka proved a very popular tourist destination because of its borderline continental climate and easy access to snow and water.[3]

The world's first sheepdog trials were reportedly held in Wanaka in 1867.[4]

Pembroke was renamed Wanaka in 1940.[2]

Geography[edit]

Wanaka cafe strip on a quiet clear spring day

The town of Wanaka is situated at the southern end of Lake Wanaka. It is surrounded by mountains. To the southwest is the Crown Range and township of Queenstown (120 kilometres (75 mi)); to the north the Haast Pass cuts through the Southern Alps near Makarora. To the northeast are the towns of Omarama and Twizel. Very close to Lake Wanaka is Lake Hāwea, in a parallel glacial valley, which has a recently developed settlement of about 1,500 people. To the south of the town lies more of the Southern Alps. The Glendhu Bay motorpark is close to the town, leading into the Matukituki River valley. This gives access to the Mount Aspiring National Park.

The centre of the town lies on flat land beside Roy's Bay. Parts of the town have expanded into the hills surrounding the centre and around Roy's Bay in both directions. The lakeside area of the town is prone to occasional flooding in spring, when heavy rain and snowmelt can cause the lake to rise quickly. Such a flood occurred in November 1999.[5][6]

Climate[edit]

Despite its Oceanic climate, Wanaka is one of the few areas in New Zealand to enjoy a near continental climate, with four distinct seasons. The weather is fairly dry, with spring (September–December) being the wettest season. Annual rainfall is 682 mm which is half the national average. Wanaka experiences warm summers with temperatures reaching the high 20s, but with an average summer maximum of 24°C. Winter can be extreme by New Zealand standards with temperature mostly in the single digits during the day time followed by cold and frosty nights and frequent snowfalls.

Climate data for Wanaka
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.9
(75)
23.4
(74.1)
20.8
(69.4)
17.3
(63.1)
12.2
(54)
8.4
(47.1)
8.4
(47.1)
11.0
(51.8)
14.4
(57.9)
16.8
(62.2)
19.8
(67.6)
21.9
(71.4)
16.53
(61.73)
Average low °C (°F) 10.8
(51.4)
10.4
(50.7)
8.4
(47.1)
5.1
(41.2)
1.6
(34.9)
−0.9
(30.4)
−1.2
(29.8)
−0.2
(31.6)
2.4
(36.3)
5.0
(41)
7.3
(45.1)
9.6
(49.3)
4.86
(40.73)
Precipitation mm (inches) 56.9
(2.24)
50.2
(1.976)
60.7
(2.39)
56.4
(2.22)
62.7
(2.469)
54.5
(2.146)
52.2
(2.055)
52.8
(2.079)
56.4
(2.22)
63.1
(2.484)
54.7
(2.154)
51.9
(2.043)
672.5
(26.476)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 231.5 201.7 182.6 164.0 135.5 120.5 126.6 155.8 172.5 193.8 202.2 212.1 2,098.8
Source: http://www.lakewanaka.co.nz/content/library/Weather_data.pdf

Attractions[edit]

View of Wanaka from Mt Roy.

With its lake and mountain views, Wanaka has become a popular tourist resort, considered less commercialised than Queenstown.[7]

Wanaka boasts a growing number of restaurants, cafes and a diverse nightlife. Other attractions in the town include Puzzling World and the Paradiso Cinema. Puzzling World contains a maze, optical illusions and a leaning clocktower.[8] The Paradiso is a classic old cinema, with seating consisting of old couches and an in-theatre Morris Minor.[9] There are a number of wineries in the area. Just out of town next to the Wanaka Airport is the National Transport and Toy Museum.

A number of mountains surrounding Wanaka can be climbed, including Roys Peak, Mount Iron, Mount Grand and the Pisa Range, all of which provide views of the surrounding area.

Festivals[edit]

  • The biennial Warbirds over Wanaka airshow, has become a major attraction for national and international guests.
  • Wanakafest [1]
  • NZ Freeski open
  • The biennial New Zealand music Rippon Festival [2]
  • Challenge Wanaka Triathlon Festival [3]
  • Festival of Colour [4]
  • Rhythm and Alps [5]

Summer[edit]

Wanaka is host to outdoor recreation and tourism activities with hiking, mountain biking, mountaineering, fishing, paragliding, kayaking, rafting, jetboating, and environmental activities. Wanaka has a sunny climate and serves as an access point to the highest New Zealand mountain outside of the Mount Cook region: Mount Aspiring/Tititea.

Mount Aspiring National Park is popular for mountaineering and hiking. Tourists enjoy day trips into the park and many tourists go hiking in the park for up to a week at a time. Parts of the Matukituki Valley on the road to the park are popular for rock climbing, and for day walks.

Lake Wanaka itself is popular for waterskiing, wakeboarding and sailing. This along with the local rivers provide many opportunities for fishing. There is a dedicated mountain biking area made by volunteers in a local pine forest.[10] All the local ski resorts are open for mountain biking and hiking in the summer.

Winter[edit]

Tramping to the summit of Treble Cone

Wanaka has the broadest range of snow activity choices of any town in NZ. These include Treble Cone, Cardrona Alpine Resort, Snow Park and Snow Farm, some of New Zealand's premier commercial ski fields. Wanaka is the main accommodation provider for these resorts and so is very busy in high season (July–September).

Treble Cone has good lift-accessed terrain and for this reason has become popular amongst visitors, 'ConeHeads'.[11] It also catches some of the better snow in the area, with its location and orientation getting more snow from NW storms. Cardrona is more attractive to families and beginners, though an attempt has been made at the park riding population in competition with SnowPark.[12] Snowpark is a dedicated 100% artificial terrain park for advanced riders. Snow Farm is New Zealand's only commercial cross-country ski field.

Cardrona also hosts one of the few Olympic sized halfpipes in the world and has been used for practice for Olympic competition. [13]

People[edit]

The town is experiencing considerable growth. According to the 2006 census the permanent resident population of the area is 7,008, an increase of approximately 33% in five years.[14] This is helped in part by the nearby towns of Hāwea, Albert Town and Luggate, all within 10 minutes drive of Wanaka. The number of retirees in the town is above average for New Zealand, with 13.2% of the towns population aged over 65. New Zealand's normal rate is 12.3%. 52.4% of the town's population had some form of post school qualification, 12.5% above the national average.[15]

82.2% of people from Wanaka claimed to be of European heritage, about 15% above the national average. The unemployment rate was exceptionally low in Wanaka, at 1.9%, compared to 5.1% for New Zealand. The number of couples without children was 17.4% above the national average, while the number with children almost 7% lower.[15]

Government[edit]

Wanaka is part of the Waitaki electorate. This electorate is currently represented by the New Zealand National Party's Jacqui Dean.[16]

Education[edit]

Wanaka has three schools.

  • Holy Family School is a state-integrated Catholic full primary (Year 1–8) school, and has 125 students as of July 2014.[17] The school was established in 2006.
  • Mount Aspiring College is a state Year 7–13 secondary school, and has 743 students as of July 2014.[17] The school was established in 1986 following the split of Wanaka Area School.
  • Wanaka Primary School is a state contributing primary (Year 1–6) school, and has 552 students as of July 2014.[17] The school was established in 1986 following the split of Wanaka Area School, and relocated to its current site in October 2010.

Transportation[edit]

Wanaka is serviced by the Wanaka Airport as well as by roads over the Crown Range, from the West Coast and to the north via State Highways 6 and 84. There was one flight daily to Christchurch by Air New Zealand until January 2013, however flights continue to operate to nearby Queenstown Airport. Bus services to Christchurch, Dunedin, Queenstown, Invercargill and Greymouth operate daily.

During the early 20th century an unsuccessful proposal was made for the Otago Central Railway, then terminated at Cromwell, to be extended to Wanaka and onward to Hāwea.[18] The main reason for NZR's reluctance was having to cross the Clutha River twice. A more direct route to Hāwea was planned but dropped due to cost.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2013 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2013.  Also "Infoshare; Group: Population Estimates - DPE; Table: Estimated Resident Population for Urban Areas, at 30 June (1996+) (Annual-Jun)". Statistics New Zealand. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Wanaka Early History". Lake Wanaka Visitor Information Centre. Retrieved 2007-03-24. 
  3. ^ Wanaka History, Wanaka Information Guide, 1999-2001, Accessed 23/4/07
  4. ^ "Oamaru Times Report on the first Recorded Trial in the World Tuesday, April 30, 1867," Dogfind.co.nz. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
  5. ^ Civil Defence article (PDF)
  6. ^ Queenstown Lakes District Council - Adoption of Flood Risk Management Strategy (PDF)
  7. ^ Wanaka and Treble Cone, New Zealand, Best Western New Zealand, Accessed 6/3/7
  8. ^ Puzzling World's website
  9. ^ Cinema Paradiso, Wanaka, New Zealand
  10. ^ 'Lake Wanaka Cycling Map', Lake Wanaka Cycling Inc, 2004
  11. ^ Treble Cone, Wanaka, New Zealand Accessed 6/3/7
  12. ^ Cardrona Alpine Resort Accessed 6/3/7
  13. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/10/04/sports/100000002479345/snowboarding-at-the-cardrona-halfpipe.html
  14. ^ The figures are an amalgamation of the census areas of Wanaka (Quickstats about Wanaka), Hāwea (Quickstats about Hawea) and Matukituki (Quickstats about Matukituki)
  15. ^ a b 2006 Census figures, taken from Quickstats about Wanaka and compared to national figures at Quickstats about New Zealand
  16. ^ Official Count Results -- Waitaki 2008 election results, Elections New Zealand
  17. ^ a b c "Directory of Schools - as at 30 July 2014". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 2014-08-02. 
  18. ^ Over the Garden Wall/History of the Otago Central Railway - Jim Dagerfield

External links[edit]