Wananalua Congregational Church

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Wananalua Congregational Church
WANANALUA CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH.jpg
Wananalua Congregational Church is located in Hawaii
Wananalua Congregational Church
Location Hana Highway and Haouli Street
Hana, Hawaii
Coordinates 20°45′6″N 155°59′12″W / 20.75167°N 155.98667°W / 20.75167; -155.98667Coordinates: 20°45′6″N 155°59′12″W / 20.75167°N 155.98667°W / 20.75167; -155.98667
Area 3.7 acres (1.5 ha)
Built 1842
Architect Daniel Conde
Architectural style Renaissance
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 88002533[1]
Added to NRHP November 23, 1988

The Wananalua Congregational Church is a historic 19th-century building on the remote coast of Maui in Hawaii.

History[edit]

Wānanalua was the name of a traditional land division (ahupuaʻa) on the eastern coast of the island of Maui.[2] The name means "double prophecy" in the Hawaiian language.[3] The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions established a mission at the site in 1838. First residents were Daniel Toll Conde, and his wife Andelucia Lee Conde. Reverend Mark Ives (1809–1885) served at the station until 1840. In 1841 William Harrison Rice and his wife arrived, who stayed until 1844. In 1848 the Condes moved to the Kaʻahumanu Church in Wailuku, and in 1855 after the death of his wife, Conde moved to Beloit, Wisconsin. Eliphalet W. Whittlesey (1816–1889) was stationed at the church from 1844 to 1854, and William Otis Baldwin from 1855 to 1860. Sereno Edwards Bishop (1827–1909) and his wife Cornelia A. Sessions Bishop served the station from 1855 to 1865.[4]

When land titles were formalized in the Mahele, 27.64 acres (11.19 ha) were recorded as awarded to the church.[3] The modern church boundary area of 3.7 acres (1.5 ha) was added to the National Register of Historic Places listings in Hawaii on November 23, 1988 as site 88002533.[1] It is located at the corner of and the Hana Highway (Route 31) at 20°45′6″N 155°59′12″W / 20.75167°N 155.98667°W / 20.75167; -155.98667.[5] Across the street is the Hotel Hana-Maui, originally called the Kaʻuiki Inn.[6] It is named for the cinder cone Kaʻuiki, which is the site of a rare Red Sand Beach, and a fortress from the time of ancient Hawaii where several historic battles were held.[7] It was also the birthplace of powerful civil leader Queen Kaʻahumanu.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Edith H. Wolfe; Chic Diehl (June 6, 1988). "Wananalua Congregational Church nomination form". National Register of Historic Places. U.S. National Park Service. Retrieved September 19, 2010. 
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Wānanalua
  3. ^ a b Lloyd J. Soehren (2010). "lookup of Wananalua ". in Hawaiian Place Names. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library. Retrieved September 19, 2010. 
  4. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society (1901). Portraits of American Protestant missionaries to Hawaii. Honolulu: Hawaiian gazette company. p. 59. 
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Wananalua Congregational Church
  6. ^ "Hana History: Hana-Maui, Hawaii". Hotel Hana-Maui web site. Retrieved September 19, 2010. 
  7. ^ Lloyd J. Soehren (2010). "lookup of Kauiki Head ". in Hawaiian Place Names. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library. Retrieved September 20, 2010. 
  8. ^ Mary Kawena Pukui, Samuel Hoyt Elbert and Esther T. Mookini (2004). "lookup of kauiki ". in Place Names of Hawai'i. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. 

External links[edit]