Wanaque, New Jersey

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Wanaque, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Wanaque
Location of Wanaque in Passaic County. Inset: Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Location of Wanaque in Passaic County. Inset: Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Wanaque, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Wanaque, New Jersey
Coordinates: 41°02′36″N 74°17′23″W / 41.043436°N 74.289748°W / 41.043436; -74.289748Coordinates: 41°02′36″N 74°17′23″W / 41.043436°N 74.289748°W / 41.043436; -74.289748[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Passaic
Incorporated March 22, 1918
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Daniel Mahler (term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • Administrator Thomas Carroll[4]
 • Clerk Katherine Falone[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 9.253 sq mi (23.965 km2)
 • Land 7.990 sq mi (20.694 km2)
 • Water 1.263 sq mi (3.271 km2)  13.65%
Area rank 215th of 566 in state
5th of 16 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 220 ft (70 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 11,116
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 11,208
 • Rank 220th of 566 in state
10th of 16 in county[11]
 • Density 1,391.2/sq mi (537.1/km2)
 • Density rank 348th of 566 in state
13th of 16 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07420 - Haskell[12]
07465 - Wanaque[13]
Area code(s) 973 Exchanges: 248, 616, 831, 835, 839[14]
FIPS code 3403176730[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885431[1][17]
Website www.wanaqueborough.com
Aerial view of Wanaque (lower right) and Wanaque Reservoir. Photo: Erlend Bjørtvedt

Wanaque (pronounced WAHN-a-cue[18][19]) is a borough in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 11,116,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 850 (+8.3%) from the 10,266 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 555 (+5.7%) from the 9,711 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

Wanaque was incorporated as an independent borough on February 23, 1918, when Pompton Township was split up into three boroughs, along with Bloomingdale and Ringwood, based on the results of a referendum held on March 22, 1918.[21]

Geography[edit]

Wanaque is located at 41°02′36″N 74°17′23″W / 41.043436°N 74.289748°W / 41.043436; -74.289748 (41.043436,-74.289748). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 9.253 square miles (23.965 km2), of which, 7.990 square miles (20.694 km2) of it was land and 1.263 square miles (3.271 km2) of it (13.65%) of it was water.[1][2]

The borough includes neighborhoods known as Wanaque (formerly Midvale) and Haskell, each of which has its own ZIP code and is served by its own separate post office.

According to local history, the name Wanaque (original pronunciation 'Wa Na Kee') is thought to have been derived from the Lenni Lenape Native American word meaning "land of sassafras".[22]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 2,916
1930 3,119 7.0%
1940 3,143 0.8%
1950 4,222 34.3%
1960 7,126 68.8%
1970 8,636 21.2%
1980 10,025 16.1%
1990 9,711 −3.1%
2000 10,266 5.7%
2010 11,116 8.3%
Est. 2013 11,208 [10][23] 0.8%
Population sources: 1920[24]
1920-1930[25] 1930-1990[26]
2000[27][28] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,116 people, 4,018 households, and 3,026 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,391.2 per square mile (537.1/km2). There were 4,184 housing units at an average density of 523.7 per square mile (202.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 87.48% (9,724) White, 3.07% (341) Black or African American, 0.40% (45) Native American, 4.65% (517) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 2.25% (250) from other races, and 2.14% (238) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 9.67% (1,075) of the population.[7]

There were 4,018 households, of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.7% were non-families. 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07.[7]

In the borough, 20.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 30.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.8 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $89,459 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,457) and the median family income was $98,081 (+/- $7,333). Males had a median income of $62,454 (+/- $4,289) versus $49,421 (+/- $6,017) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $37,579 (+/- $3,293). About 1.0% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 0.8% of those age 65 or over.[29]

Same-sex couples headed 20 households in 2010, a decline from the 22 counted in 2000.[30]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 10,266 people, 3,444 households, and 2,689 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,286.8 people per square mile (496.7/km2). There were 3,500 housing units at an average density of 438.7 per square mile (169.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 90.67% White, 1.51% African American, 0.34% Native American, 3.62% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.06% from other races, and 1.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.40% of the population.[27][28]

There were 3,444 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.2% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.9% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.23.[27][28]

In the borough the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.[27][28]

The median income for a household in the borough was $66,113, and the median income for a family was $71,127. Males had a median income of $43,675 versus $33,380 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $25,403. About 2.6% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.[27][28]

Law and government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Wanaque is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] The Borough form of government used by Wanaque, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[31]

As of 2014, the Mayor of Wanaque Borough is Republican Daniel Mahler, whose term of office ends December 31, 2014. Members of the Borough Council are Thomas Balunis (R, 2015), Dominick Cortellessa (R, 2016), Ed Leonard (R, 2016), Donald Pasquariello (R, 2014), Robert Pettet (R, 2014) and Eric Willse (R, 2015).[32][33][34][35][36]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Wanaque is located in the 11th Congressional District[37] and is part of New Jersey's 39th state legislative district.[8][38][39] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Wanaque had been in the 40th state legislative district.[40] Prior to the 2010 Census, Wanaque had been part of the 5th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[40]

New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Rodney Frelinghuysen (R, Harding Township).[41] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[42][43] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[44][45]

The 39th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Gerald Cardinale (R, Demarest) and in the General Assembly by Holly Schepisi (R, River Vale) and Bob Schroeder (R, Washington Township, Bergen County).[46] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[47] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[48]

Passaic County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected to staggered three-year terms office on an at-large basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year.[49] As of 2013, Passaic County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Bruce James (D, term ends December 31, 2014; Clifton),[50] Freeholder Deputy Director Theodore O. Best Jr. (D, 2014; Paterson),[51] John W. Bartlett (D, 2015; Wayne), Ronda Cotroneo (D, 2015; Ringwood), Terry Duffy (D, 2013; West Milford),[52] Pat Lepore (D, 2013; Woodland Park)[53] and Hector C. Lora (D, 2015; Passaic).[54][55] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Kristin M. Corrado (2014),[56] Sheriff Richard H. Berdnik[57] and Surrogate Bernice Toledo.[58]

Highlands protection[edit]

In 2004, the New Jersey Legislature passed the Highlands Water Protection and Planning Act, which regulates the New Jersey Highlands region. Wanaque was included in the highlands preservation area and is subject to the rules of the act and the Highlands Water Protection and Planning Council, a division of the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.[59] Some of the territory in the protected region is classified as being in the highlands preservation area, and thus subject to additional rules.[60]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 7,085 registered voters in Wanaque, of which 1,646 (23.2% vs. 31.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,191 (30.9% vs. 18.7%) were registered as Republicans and 3,243 (45.8% vs. 50.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 5 voters registered to other parties.[61] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 63.7% (vs. 53.2% in Passaic County) were registered to vote, including 80.3% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.8% countywide).[61][62]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 2,798 votes here (52.1% vs. 37.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 2,428 votes (45.2% vs. 58.8%) and other candidates with 46 votes (0.9% vs. 0.8%), among the 5,374 ballots cast by the borough's 7,117 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.5% (vs. 70.4% in Passaic County).[63] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 2,452 votes here (55.1% vs. 42.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 1,876 votes (42.1% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 39 votes (0.9% vs. 0.7%), among the 4,451 ballots cast by the borough's 6,132 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.6% (vs. 69.3% in the whole county).[64]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,802 votes here (53.1% vs. 43.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,338 votes (39.4% vs. 50.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 194 votes (5.7% vs. 3.8%) and other candidates with 34 votes (1.0% vs. 0.9%), among the 3,396 ballots cast by the borough's 6,887 registered voters, yielding a 49.3% turnout (vs. 42.7% in the county).[65]

Education[edit]

Students in Kindergarten through eighth grade for public school attend the schools of the Wanaque Borough Schools. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[66]) are Haskell Elementary School[67] (K–8, 400 students) and Wanaque Elementary School[68] (K–8; 532 students).[69]

Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend Lakeland Regional High School, which serves students from the Boroughs of Ringwood and Wanaque. The high school is located in Wanaque and is part of the Lakeland Regional High School District.[70]

Wanaque is the site of Passaic County Community College's Wanaque Academic Center.[71]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total of 36.44 miles (58.64 km) of roadways, of which 29.30 miles (47.15 km) were maintained by the municipality, 4.96 miles (7.98 km) by Passaic County and 2.18 miles (3.51 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[72]

Interstate 287 passes through Wanaque, where it is accessible at Exit 55, Ringwood Avenue (County Route 511).

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit provides bus service to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 197 route.[73]

Notable people[edit]

Notable individuals from Wanaque include:

  • Bobby Czyz (born 1962), boxer who is both a former world light heavyweight and cruiserweight champion.[74]

Points of Interest[edit]

Elks Camp Moore- an Elks accredited summer overnight camp for children with special needs. The camp was founded in 1971 and includes many activities for the children such as a swimming pool, three playgrounds, a small playing field, a recreation hall, and rooms that house other fun activities. The campers stay for one week from Sunday until Saturday. Each week, 75 campers attend the camp. The camp is wheelchair accessible since handicapped children also attend the camp. People consider Camp Moore, the "Miracle on the Mountain". The camp is located high on top of a mountain overlooking Route 287, bordering both Wanaque and Haskell. Admission is free for the campers, and the camp is funded in part by local New Jersey Elks lodges. [1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Administration, Borough of Wanaque. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 169.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Wanaque, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Wanaque borough, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 15. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Wanaque borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 11, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Haskell, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Wanaque, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Wanaque, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 1, 2013.
  15. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  17. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  18. ^ Hanley, Robert. "Full and Not at All: The Difference Between 2 New Jersey Reservoirs", The New York Times, March 5, 2002. Accessed March 10, 2011. "The primary reason is that the Wanaque (pronounced WAHN-a-cue or wa-NOCK-ee) is now supplemented by a new reservoir and pumping stations built after the 1980's drought. Yet despite those projects, trouble is looming again."
  19. ^ Gansberg, Martin. "For Wanaque, Growth Is a Problem", The New York Times, May 27, 1973. Accessed March 10, 2011. "WANAQUE-The first thing that one discovers on entering this Passaic County community is that the 9,500 residents cannot agree on the pronunciation of the name of their hometown. Longtime residents use the old Indian WA-NAH-KEY when they refer to the borough, while new homeowners call it WA-NAH-CUE."
  20. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  21. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 211. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  22. ^ Wanaque Area Local History, accessed October 10, 2006.
  23. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
  24. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed September 1, 2013.
  25. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  26. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  27. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Wanaque borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  28. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Wanaque borough, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  29. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Wanaque borough, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  30. ^ Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record (Bergen County), August 14, 2011, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 3, 2013. Accessed October 29, 2014.
  31. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed October 29, 2014.
  32. ^ Meet Our Mayor and Council, Borough of Wanaque. Accessed October 29, 2014.
  33. ^ 2014 Municipal Data Sheet, Borough of Wanaque. Accessed October 29, 2014.
  34. ^ Official Results - 2012 General Election, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2013.
  35. ^ Official Results - 2011 General Election, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2013.
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  37. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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  39. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ a b 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 65, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  41. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  42. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  43. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  44. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  45. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  46. ^ Legislative Roster 2012-2013 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2012.
  47. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  48. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  49. ^ Clerk-Freeholders, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
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  51. ^ Theodore O. Best Jr., Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  52. ^ Terry Duffy, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  53. ^ Pat Lepore, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  54. ^ Freeholders, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  55. ^ Patberg, Zach. "Democrats take full control of Passaic County freeholder board", The Record (Bergen County), January 4, 2013. Accessed January 9, 2013. "Ronda Casson Cotroneo, a family law attorney, wants [to] establish a program that links lawyers and counselors with victims of domestic violence. John Bartlett, also a lawyer, imagines more parks, calling them the county’s 'undiscovered gem.'... Lora, a Passaic city councilman, says better communication with constituents is the key to good government, whether through handshakes or social media."
  56. ^ County Clerk, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  57. ^ Richard H. Berdnik, Passaic County Sheriff's Office. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  58. ^ County Surrogate, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  59. ^ Assembly Committee Substitute for Assembly, No. 2635, New Jersey Legislature, June 7, 2004. Accessed October 31, 2014.
  60. ^ DEP Guidance for the Highlands Water Protection and Planning Act-Highlands Region Counties and Municipalities; Highlands Municipalities, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, updated July 8, 2014. Accessed October 31, 2014.
  61. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Passaic, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  62. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  63. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Passaic County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  64. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Passaic County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed January 16, 2013.
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  66. ^ School Data for the Wanaque Borough Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed January 15, 2013.
  67. ^ Haskell Elementary School, Wanaque School District. Accessed August 11, 2013.
  68. ^ Wanaque Elementary School, Wanaque School District. Accessed August 11, 2013.
  69. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Wanaque School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 11, 2013.
  70. ^ Lakeland Regional High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 29, 2014. "The Lakeland Regional High School District, serving grades 9-12, is a comprehensive high school district. Students come to the high school from the Ringwood, Wanaque & Haskell K - 8 districts and several private schools."
  71. ^ Wanaque Academic Center, Passaic County Community College. Accessed January 15, 2013.
  72. ^ Passaic County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  73. ^ Passaic County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  74. ^ Matthews, Wallace. "Czyz Pulls Fast One on Sears", Newsday, December 27, 1986. Accessed September 1, 2013. "It took [Bobby Czyz], of nearby Wanaque, just 61 seconds to knock out Sears, precisely two rounds quicker than Michael Spinks had managed the feat in a fight for the undisputed crown in February, 1985."

External links[edit]