Wanchese, North Carolina
|Wanchese, North Carolina|
|— CDP —|
|• Total||5.5 sq mi (14.2 km2)|
|• Land||4.7 sq mi (12.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.8 sq mi (2.0 km2)|
|Elevation||7 ft (2 m)|
|• Density||298.5/sq mi (115.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0996765|
Wanchese is a census-designated place (CDP) on Roanoke Island in Dare County, North Carolina, United States. It was named after Wanchese, the last known ruler of the Roanoke Native American tribe encountered by English colonists in the sixteenth century. The population was 1,642 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14 km2), of which, 4.7 square miles (12 km2) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) of it (14.26%) is water.
Archeological evidence shows that Wanchese was the site of the first fishing village on Roanoke Island. Indigenous people inhabited the area 1500 years ago, and their various cultures used this site for fishing for 1100 years. They also collected oysters and shellfish from nearby beds in the Sound.
What is called the Tillett Site (after the last owners) had been occupied originally when it was still part of the mainland, during the entire Archaic Period (8000-1000 BC). After the sea levels rose and it became an island, the saline conditions of the Sound became established, giving rise to the later indigenous fishing culture, including that of the historic Roanoke tribe.
Three later periods of occupation were identified:
- Mount Pleasant component, beginning around 400 and ending around 800;
- Colington component, the prehistoric manifestation of the Carolina Algonkian culture, from 800 to 1650; and
- Historic period component, related mostly to the Green family use of the site as a farmstead from c. 1884 to 1910/20. There was also fishing in this area.
During the first two periods, the Tillett site was a seasonal settlement. The Roanoke came to it from the mainland to fish and collect shellfish. At the time of English exploration, the Algonquian-speaking Roanoke tribe used the site for seasonal fishing. Their main town was on the western shore of Croatan Sound.
After English colonization, the site continued to be used for fishing by the Anglo-American peoples. In the 1980s, it was to be redeveloped for a major commercial fishing port and seafood processing facility.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,527 people, 614 households, and 432 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 325.8 people per square mile (125.7/km2). There were 690 housing units at an average density of 147.2 per square mile (56.8/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.10% White, 0.33% African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.46% from other races, and 0.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.83% of the population.
There were 614 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 102.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.8 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $39,250, and the median income for a family was $43,173. Males had a median income of $28,958 versus $21,591 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,492. About 5.1% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "ARCHAEOLOGY OF THE TILLETT SITE", Carolina Alongkian Project, 2002, accessed 23 Apr 2010
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Wanchese, North Carolina|