Wandregisel

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Saint Wandregisel
Abbot
Born c. 600 AD
near Verdun
Died 668 AD
Honored in
Roman Catholic Church
Feast July 22

Saint Wandregisel (French: Wandrille) (c. 600–668 AD) was a Frankish courtier, monk, and abbot.[1] The son of Waltchis, himself a kinsman of Pepin of Landen,[2] he was born near Verdun in the region then known as Austrasia.

Wandregisel was a courtier during the reign of Dagobert I who was married, before he and his wife decided to separate in order to join the religious life.[1] In 629, he became a monk at Montfaucon under the guidance of Saint Balderic, but soon withdrew to live as a hermit in complete solitude at Saint-Ursanne in the Jura.[1][2] Wandregisel adhered to the principles of Saint Columban and Columban's disciple Saint Ursicinus, both of whom had founded several monasteries in the region.[1] Wandregisel then spent some time at the monastery of Saint Columban at Bobbio in northern Italy.[1] From there, he wished to travel to Ireland,[3] but got only as far as the abbey of Romainmôtier, which lay on the banks of the Isère River, in the Tarentaise Valley.

Wandregisel was ordained by Saint Audoin, archbishop of Rouen,[1] and then founded the abbey of Fontenelle in Normandy in 657.[1] Fontenelle followed the rule of Saint Columban, and the abbey became an important center of learning.[1] Near the abbey’s ruins lies the village of Saint-Wandrille-Rançon.

Wandregisel died in July 668,[1] although other sources give his date of death as 657.[1]

Veneration[edit]

During the Viking invasions, Wandregisel's relics were dispersed to various locations and shared between various churches, including the abbey of Saint-Pierre-au-Mont-Blandin in Gand (Nowadays in Belgium).[1] Wandregisel's cult was celebrated in England prior to the Norman Conquest of 1066.[1]

In the 19th century one of his relics remained: his skull was found in Liège. It was brought back to the Abbey, when the new church was dedicated in 1967. It can be seen today in a modern reliquary.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Arduino, Fabio (June 18, 2006). "San Vandregisilo". Santi e Beati. Retrieved February 7, 2009.  (Italian)
  2. ^ a b Baring-Gould, Sabine (1882). The Lives of the Saints 2. London: John Hodges. pp. 515–517. 
  3. ^ Schäfer, Joachim. "Wandregisil (Wandrille, Wando)". Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon. Retrieved January 27, 2010.  (German)

Primary sources[edit]

  • Miracula Sancti Wandregisili abbatis Fontanellensis. In Acta Sanctorum 32 (July 5). Paris: Victor Palmé, 1868. 281-91.
  • Translatio Sancti Wandregisili in montem Blandinium In Acta Sanctorum 32 (July 5). 291-302.
  • Vita Sancti Wandregisili abbatis Fontanellensis I . In Acta Sanctorum 32 (July 5). 265-71.
  • Vita Sancti Wandregisili abbatis Fontanellensis II. In Acta Sanctorum 32 (July 5). 272-81.
  • Vita Wandregiseli abbatis Fontanellensis, ed. B. Krusch. In Passiones vitaeque sanctorum aevi Merovingici 3, ed. Wilhelm Levison, 1-24. MGH SS rer. Merov. 5. Hanover, 1910. 1-24. Available from the Digital MGH.