Wanetsi (Pashto dialect)

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Wanetsi
Native to Pakistan, Afghanistan
Region Balochistan
Native speakers
95,000  (1998)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 wne
Glottolog wane1241[2]

Wanetsi or Waneci (Pashto: وڼېڅي‎ waṇētsi), also called Tareeno (Pashto: ترينو‎) or Chalgari (Pashto: څلګري‎ tsalgari), is a Pashto dialect which is spoken by a small population of Tareen tribes in Pakistan and Afghanistan, primarily in Harnai and Sinjawi area east of Quetta, northern Balochistan, Pakistan. Wanetsi has some similarities with the Pamir language of Munji spoken in southern Badakhshan, northeastern Afghanistan.[3]

The prevailing view of modern scholars is that Wanetsi may be considered a separate language from modern Pashto, which branched off in the early Middle Iranian stage before some of the characteristics of Pashto had been fully developed. Prods Oktor Skjærvø states:

The Pashto area split into two dialect groups at a pre-literary period, represented today on the one hand by all the dialects of modern Pashto and on the other by Waneci and by archaic remains in other southeast dialects.[4]

Now Wanetsi is getting more and more influenced by standard Pashto. There are also dialectal divisions within Wanetsi, although the variation between them is very small.

Differences between Wanetsi and Pashto[edit]

Wanetsi Pashto (Kandahar) Translation
səl hundred
šwī šəl twenty
(a)gha da of
mōš muẓ̌ we
piyār plār father
yirž yiẓ̌ bear
tərža təẓ̌ay thirsty
tōw, tōwa tōd, tawda hot
ghandəm ghanəm wheat
māst myāšt month
atā atyā eighty
wžəndz ẓ̌mundz comb
sunzən stən needle
brēstəṇ bṛastən quilt
činostang kṣ̌ēnəstəl to sit down
wayang wayəl to say
ze kī zə kawəm I do

Examples of sentences showing the difference:[3]

Wanetsi Pashto (Kandahar) Translation
اندي وګوړي چي موښ پيار غه څټ لېژدي وي
indī waguṛī čī mōš piyār gha tsaṭ lēždī wī
په دې کلي کې زموږ د پلار ډېر غويان وو
pə dē kəli kē zamuẓ̌ da plār ḍēr ghwayān wu
In this village our father had many bulls.
شمزې و خوارږه شوې مي دې غوزين
šamze o khwāržə šwe mī de ghōzīn
شلومبې او خواږه شوده هم چښي
šlombē aw khwāẓ̌ə šawdə ham čṣ̌i
[They] also drink buttermilk and sweet milk.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wanetsi at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Waneci". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ a b "AFGHANISTAN vi. Paṧto, F. Waṇecī.". G. Morgenstierne. Encyclopaedia Iranica Online Version. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  4. ^ Hallberg, Daniel G. 1992. Pashto, Waneci, Ormuri. Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan, 4. LINK