Wang Jing (Three Kingdoms)
A Qing dynasty portrait of Wang Jing
|Official of Cao Wei|
|Courtesy name||Yanwei (simplified Chinese: 彦纬; traditional Chinese: 彦緯; pinyin: Yànwěi; Wade–Giles: Yen-wei)|
Wang Jing was born in a peasant family in Qinghe Commandery (清河郡), which is around present-day Linqing, Liaocheng, Shandong. He was nominated by the official Cui Lin, who was also from Qinghe Commandery, to serve in the Wei government. His mother once said that it was not a good sign if he got promoted very fast in his career. However, Wang Jing still rose through the ranks in the civil service quickly. He held office as the Administrator (太守) of Jiangxia Commandery (江夏郡; around present-day Yunmeng County, Xiaogan, Hubei) and later as the Inspector (刺史) of Yong Province.
In 255, when Jiang Wei, a general from Wei's rival state Shu Han, led the Shu forces to attack Wei's Longxi Commandery (隴西郡; roughly present-day southern and southeastern Gansu), Wang Jing led a Wei army from Didao (狄道; present-day Lintao County, Dingxi, Gansu) to engage the enemy but was defeated. Wang Jing ended up being besieged by Shu forces in Didao. The siege was lifted when the Wei generals Chen Tai and Deng Ai showed up with reinforcements and drove the enemy back. Wang Jing was recalled back from Yong Province to the Wei imperial court in Luoyang and reassigned to be the Director of Retainers (司隸校尉) and an Imperial Secretary (尚書).
In 260, the Wei emperor Cao Mao summoned Wang Jing, Wang Chen and Wang Ye to meet him in private and discuss plans to launch a coup to seize back power from the regent Sima Zhao. Cao Mao did not heed Wang Jing's suggestion and proceeded with the coup, but ended up being assassinated by Sima Zhao's men. After Cao Mao's death, Sima Zhao had Wang Jing and his mother arrested and executed.
In 266, after Sima Yan (Emperor Wu) ended the state of Wei and established the Jin dynasty, he issued an imperial decree to express sympathy for Wang Jing and his family. He appointed Wang Jing's grandson as a "Gentleman Attendant" (郎中).
- Chen, Shou. Records of the Three Kingdoms (Sanguozhi).
- Fang, Xuanling, et al. Book of Jin (Jin Shu).
- Pei, Songzhi. Annotations to Records of the Three Kingdoms (Sanguozhi zhu).