|Secretary of the Xinjiang Autonomous Regional CPC Committee|
|Preceded by||Song Hanliang|
|Succeeded by||Zhang Chunxian|
Shouguang, Shandong, China
|Political party||Communist Party of China|
Wang Lequan (born December 1944) is a Chinese politician, currently serving as the Deputy Chair of the Political and Legislative Affairs Committee of the Communist Party of China. He was a prominent regional leader in Xinjiang, China, serving as the Region's Communist Party chief between 1994 and 2010. From 2004, he has also served as a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China.
Life and career
Wang Lequan was born in Shouguang, Shandong in December 1944. He joined the Communist Party of China in 1966. He was a post-graduate at the Central Party School of the CPC Central Committee. Wang ran the Communist Youth League in Shandong Province in the mid-1980s and became vice governor of Shandong in 1989.
Wang was the Secretary of the CPC Xinjiang Committee from 1994 until 2010. As Secretary, he was responsible for implementing modernization programs in Xinjiang. He encouraged industrialization, development of commerce, and investments in roads and railways. He furthered the development of the oil and gas fields in the region, link-up of pipelines from Kazakhstan to eastern China. On the other hand, he constrained local culture and religion, substituted Mandarin for Uyghur language in primary schools; restricted or banned, among government workers, the wearing of beards and headscarves, fasting and praying while on the job.
Wang is a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. He is a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, secretary of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Regional Committee of the CPC, and the first political commissar of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps.
He is known for his hardline approach to ethnic minorities. He acquired the nickname "the stability secretary" for his ability to enter into a chaotic situation and bring it to order.
Wang was widely criticized by Uighurs and foreign scholars of Xinjiang for his hard-liner policies. After the 2009 July riot in Ürümqi, Han Chinese also became frustrated with his leadership because of the slow progress in restoring social order. As a result, many individuals began to call for his resignation in public demonstrations. He was removed from the post in April 2010, and transferred to work on the Central Committee's Political and Legislative Committee. He was replaced by Zhang Chunxian.
- Wines, Michael (10 July 2009). "A Strongman Is China’s Rock in Ethnic Strife". New York Times.
- Swain, Jon (12 July 2009). "Security chiefs failed to spot signs calling for Uighur revolt". The Sunday Times (London). Retrieved 12 July 2009.
- Wong, Edward; Yang, Xiyun (3 September 2009). "New Protests Reported in Restive Chinese Region". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
- McDonald, Scott (21 April 2010). "China replaces party boss in region hit by unrest". Retrieved 24 April 2010.
- (Chinese) Biography of Wang Lequan, People's Daily Online.
|Party political offices|
|Secretary of the CPC Xinjiang Committee
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