Wang Shuang

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Wang Shuang
Traditional Chinese 王雙
Simplified Chinese 王双
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Wang.

Wang Shuang (died 228), courtesy name Ziquan (子全), was a military general of the state of Cao Wei during the Three Kingdoms period. He initially participated in battles against the eastern warlord, Sun Quan, but was defeated and captured. Later, he rejoined Wei and was reassigned to the Western front against Shu, and was killed in action.

Life[edit]

Wang Shuang initially served as a lower ranking officer under Chang Diao (常雕), who was a lesser general of Wei eastern commander, Cao Ren. When Cao led a several tens of thousands strong expedition force composed of cavalry, navy, and foot-soldiers to attack Sun Quan's general, Zhu Huan, Chang was tasked to sneak-attack Middle Island, where enemy families resided.[1] Wang followed Chang, and they landed the island unopposed. At the time, Zhu was busy fighting Wei's main army, so he left his subordinates to handle Wang and Chang after instructing them to lay a trap to the enemies. As planned, Wang and Chang entered the trap Zhu's men set and was ambushed. When they ran back to the shore, they only found out their ships had already been taken and their retreat route sealed. Chang fought to the death, while Wang was captured in battle. 1,000 Wei soldiers died in this single battle, and the rest of the detachment surrendered.[2]

Later, Wang was sent back to Wei (possibly at the time Yu Jin was released), like Niu Jin, who were also a former subject of Cao Ren, they were reassigned to the western front. There, Wang became a subordinate general of Cao Wei western commander, Cao Zhen, and took up the responsibility to resist Zhuge Liang's invasions. During the second defense against Zhuge's aggression, the 1,000 defenders under Hao Zhao successfully repelled the attack, and Zhuge started to retreat after he got wind of the approaching enemy reliefs. Believing that would be a chance for him to make a name, Wang led a cavalry to pursue Zhuge, but was ambushed and killed by the later. Indeed, that gave him some weight in Luo Guanzhong's novel, Romance of the Three Kingdoms, wherein his bravery and martial art were highly exaggerated.

In fiction[edit]

Wang Shuang became renowned throughout Cao Wei for his meteor hammer trademark weapon. Wang Shuang followed in battling against Shu at Chencang (in which he was the vanguard under Cao Zhen), where he severely injured the enemy general Zhang Ni; he was pushed back by Liao Hua and Wang Ping before he could finish him off however. Wang Shuang nonetheless continued his pursuit by closing in near Hanzhong, but was killed by Wei Yan following a fire attack.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (常雕督諸葛虔、王雙等,乘油船别襲中洲。) SGZ. Biography of Zhu Huai.
  2. ^ (桓部兵將攻取油船,或别擊雕等,桓等身自拒泰,燒營而退,遂梟雕,生虜雙,送武昌,臨陳斬溺,死者千馀。)

References[edit]