Wang Su

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Wang Su
Politician of Cao Wei
Born 195
Died 256[1] (aged 61)
Names
Traditional Chinese 王肅
Simplified Chinese 王肃
Pinyin Wáng Sù
Wade–Giles Wang Su
Courtesy name Ziyong (Chinese: 子雍; pinyin: Zǐyōng; Wade–Giles: Tzu-yung)
Posthumous name Marquis Jing (Chinese: 景侯; pinyin: Jǐng Hóu; Wade–Giles: Ching Hou)
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Wang.

Wang Su (195–256),[2] courtesy name Ziyong, was an official and Confucian scholar in the state of Cao Wei during the Three Kingdoms period. He was the son of Wang Lang. When Guanqiu Jian started a rebellion in Shouchun, Wang Su advised Sima Shi to lower the rebels' morale by treating their families with respect. Following that, Wang Su entreated Cao Mao to allow Sima Zhao to succeed Sima Shi as regent of Wei.[3]

Wang Su's daughter, Wang Yuanji, married Sima Zhao and gave birth to Sima Yan, the first emperor of the Jin dynasty (265–420). Wang Su held the nobility title of Marquis of Lanling (蘭陵侯).[4]

Wang Su compiled the extant edition of the Kongzi Jiayu (School Sayings of Confucius), the sayings of Confucius not included in the Analects. Scholars long suspected it was a forgery by Wang Su,[2] but a book discovered in 1977 from the Shuanggudui tomb (sealed in 165 BC), entitled Ru Jia Zhe Yan (Chinese: 儒家者言, Sayings of the Ru School), contains very similar content to the Kongzi Jiayu.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wang Su's biography in Records of the Three Kingdoms mentioned that he died in the 1st year of the Ganlu era (256-260) in Cao Mao's reign. (甘露元年薨, ...)
  2. ^ a b Goldin, Paul Rakita (1999). Rituals of the Way: The Philosophy of Xunzi. Open Court Publishing. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-8126-9400-0. 
  3. ^ Chen Shou. Records of the Three Kingdoms, Volume 13, Biography of Wang Su.
  4. ^ Book of Jin, Volume 31.
  5. ^ Shaughnessy, Edward L. (2014). Unearthing the Changes: Recently Discovered Manuscripts of the Yi Jing ( I Ching) and Related Texts. Columbia University Press. p. 190. ISBN 978-0-231-16184-8.