|Chinese name||王小帥 (traditional)|
|Chinese name||王小帅 (simplified)|
|Pinyin||Wáng Xiăoshuài (Mandarin)|
May 22, 1966 |
|Years active||1993 - present|
Wang Xiaoshuai (simplified Chinese: 王小帅; traditional Chinese: 王小帥; pinyin: Wáng Xiăoshuài; born May 22, 1966 in Shanghai) is a Chinese film director, screenwriter and occasional actor. He is commonly grouped under the loose association of filmmakers known as the "Sixth Generation" of the Cinema of China.
Many of Wang's works are known for their sensitive portrayal of teens and youths, most notable in films such as Beijing Bicycle, So Close to Paradise, Drifters, and Shanghai Dreams. His 2008 film In Love We Trust was an exception as it portrays marital strains.
Early life and education
Wang Xiaoshuai was born in 1966 in Shanghai but spent the first thirteen years of his life in Guiyang, the capital of Guizhou in southwestern China as a result of upheaval during the Cultural Revolution. While in Guiyang, Wang became interested in and began studying painting. By 1979, he and his family had moved to Wuhan. When he was 15, Wang moved to Beijing where he attended the Central Art Academy Middle School to study painting before eventually studying directing at the Beijing Film Academy.
After his graduation from the Beijing Film Academy, Wang spent some time working under the PRC studio system before starting out on his own. His first film, The Days (1993), was an independent feature shot on the weekends in Beijing and starring Wang’s friends as two artists. The film did well overseas, where it announced Wang as a major new voice, but it also caught the wrath of the Chinese authorities, who included Wang in its sweeping ban on six filmmakers (including Tian Zhuangzhuang, Zhang Yuan, and He Jianjun) in April 1994. As a result, Wang followed up The Days with another foray into the art world of Beijing using the moniker "Wu Ming" (literally, "no name" or "anonymous"). Entitled Frozen, the film was shot in 1994 but not released until 1997.
After a lengthy period of self-criticism, Wang was finally allowed to start making films again. In contrast to both Frozen and The Days, which both took place in Beijing, Wang’s next film, So Close to Paradise (1998), saw him return to his childhood home of Wuhan to film a story of two migrant workers who become involved in a kidnapping. So Close to Paradise also marked the first time Wang operated under the Chinese movie-making authorities, but even then, the film was subject to multiple acts of censorship, and it ultimately received a very limited release in China only after many years had passed.
Wang followed up Paradise with the family comedy The House in 1999. Lost to obscurity, The House was essentially Wang's apology to the Beijing Film Studio for the bureaucratic morass that marked the release of So Close to Paradise. Wang decided to direct a simplistic comedy, one that would be sure to pass the censors with a minimum of fuss.
Despite the numerous films to his credit at this point, it was not until Beijing Bicycle that Wang rose to truly international success. The winner of the Silver Bear Jury Grand Prix at the Berlin Film Festival, Beijing Bicycle wowed critics with its story of a youth's search for his stolen bicycle, particularly with its shades of Vittorio De Sica's 1948 Bicycle Thieves.
After the success of Beijing Bicycle, Wang made Drifters (2003) which screened at the 2003 Cannes Film Festival in competition for the Prix Un Certain Regard, though it didn't win any prizes. Shanghai Dreams (2005), however, managed to win Cannes's Prix du Jury award.
2008 saw the premiere of Wang's film, In Love We Trust (also known as Left Right) in the Berlin Film Festival, a modern drama about a divorced couple, where it would win a Silver Bear for Best Screenplay. Wang's next project, 11 Flowers recently won the Pusan Promotion Prize or PPP for $20,000.
|Year||English Title||Chinese Title||Pinyin||Notes|
|1993||The Days||冬春的日子||Dōng chūn de rì zì|
|1997||Frozen||极度寒冷||Jí dù hán lěng||Made under the pseudonym Wu Ming|
|1998||So Close to Paradise||扁担·姑娘||Biǎn dān, gū niáng||Also known as Ruan's Song|
|1999||The House||梦幻田园||Mèng huàn tián yuán||Also known as Suburban Dreams or Fantasy Garden|
|2001||Beijing Bicycle||十七岁的单车||Shí qī suì de dān chē|
|2002||"The New Year"||Part of the Korean anthology film, After War|
|2005||Shanghai Dreams||青红||Qīng hóng|
|2008||In Love We Trust||左右||Zuǒ yòu|
|2010||Chongqing Blues||日照重慶||Rìzhào Chóngqìng|
|2011||11 Flowers||我十一 (stylized as 我11)||Wǒ Shíyī|
|1994||Weekend Lover||Lou Ye||Zhang Chi|
|1998||The Red Violin||François Girard||Junior policeman|
|2004||The World||Jia Zhangke|
|2006||Karmic Mahjong||Wang Guangli|
- Kochan, Dror (September 2003). "Wang Xiaoshuai". Senses of Cinema. Archived from the original on 2007-07-03. Retrieved 2007-07-29.
- "Décoration de Wang Xiaoshuai". French Embassy in China. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- Li Xiao and Daragh Moller. "A Trip Through Wang Xiaoshuai’s Film World". China.org. Retrieved 2007-07-29.
- Halligan, Fionnuala (1994-05-30). "In Surprise Move, Ministry Issues Blacklist: A Crackdown on Filmmakers". The International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2008-11-17.[dead link]
- Berry, Michael (2005). "Wang Xiaoshuai: Banned in China" in Speaking in Images: Interviews With Contemporary Chinese Filmmakers, p. 171. ISBN 0-231-13330-8. Google Book Search. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
- Berry, 164-65.
- Berry, p. 178.
- Hernandez, Eugene (2001-02-20). "Berlin Winners; Florida Fest Swamp Prize". Indie-Wire. Retrieved 2008-11-14.[dead link]
- Rose, S. (2002-08-01). "The great fall of China". The Guardian. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
- Sterritt, D. (2002-02-08). "A tale of two boys, one bicycle, reveals Chinese society". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
- "Festival de Cannes: Drifters". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-11-07.
- Elley, Derek (2005-05-21). "Cannes wild about 'Child'". Variety. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
- Hickley, Catherine (2008-02-16). "Brazilian Film `Elite Squad' Wins Top Berlin Award". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
- Schilling, Mark (2007-10-12). "Wang wins top prize at PPP closing". Variety. Retrieved 2007-10-12.
- Wang Xiaoshuai at the Internet Movie Database
- Wang Xiaoshuai at AllMovie
- Wang Xiaoshuai at the Chinese Movie Database
- Wang Xiaoshuai at Senses of Cinema
- BigScreen Festival homepage