Wang Yuan (mathematician)

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Wang Yuan
Born 1930 (age 84–85)
Lanxi County, Jinhua, Zhejiang Province
Nationality  China
Fields Mathematics
Institutions Chinese Academy of Science
Alma mater Chinese Academy of Science
Doctoral advisor Hua Luogeng
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Wang.

Wang Yuan (Chinese: 王元, Pinyin: Wáng Yuán) (born 1930), or Yuan Wang, a member of Chinese Academy of Science, is a renowned Chinese mathematician, educator and popular science writer. He is a former president of the Chinese Mathematical Society, and the head of the Institute of Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences.[1]


Wang was born in Lanxi (or Lanhsi) County, Jinhua, Zhejiang Province. His father was a magistrate in the local government. Because of the Japanese invasion (the Second Sino-Japanese War), Wang's family had to move away from Zhejiang Province, and finally arrived at the southeast city Kunming in Yunnan Province in 1938. 1942, Wang's father rose to the position of Chief Secretary of the Academia Sinica. 1946 after the Japanese surrender, his family moved to the capital city, Nanjing.

Wang entered Yingshi University (later merged into National Chekiang University) (Zhejiang University) in Hangzhou, and graduated from the Department of Mathematics, Zhejiang University in 1952. He then earned a position in the Institute of Mathematics, Academia Sinica. Hua Loo Keng (or Hua luogeng) is considered as his main academic advisor and one of his closest collaborators. 1946-1949, he was the Acting Director of the institute. In 1949, Wang separated with his father, who went to Taiwan.

1966, Wang's career was interrupted by the Cultural Revolution. He was unable to work for more than five years, until 1972. During this time, Wang was harassed and put through interrogation.

1978, Wang was back to his professorship, in the Institute of Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Science. 1980, he was elected to be a member of Chinese Academy of Science. 1988-1992, he was the president of the Chinese Mathematical Society. Wang also worked in the USA for a period of time. He has visited the Institute of Advanced Studies and taught at University of Colorado.


Wang's research focuses on the area of number theory, especially in the Goldbach Conjecture. Sieve methods and circle methods are often applied by him. He obtained a series of important results in the field of number theory.[2][3]


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