Wanjiazhai Dam

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Wanjiazhai Dam
Wanjiazhai Dam is located in China
Wanjiazhai Dam
Location of Wanjiazhai Dam
Country China
Location Border of Pianguan County, Shaanxi Province (east bank) and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (west bank)
Coordinates 39°34′42″N 111°25′42″E / 39.57833°N 111.42833°E / 39.57833; 111.42833Coordinates: 39°34′42″N 111°25′42″E / 39.57833°N 111.42833°E / 39.57833; 111.42833
Status In use
Construction began 1994
Opening date 1998
Owner(s) Shanxi Wanjiazhai Yellow River Diversion Project Corporation
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Gravity, concrete
Impounds Yellow River
Height 105 m (344 ft)
Length 443 m (1,453 ft)
Spillway type Crest, controlled overflow
Reservoir
Creates Wanjiazhai Reservoir
Total capacity 896,000,000 m3 (726,399 acre·ft)
Catchment area 395,000 km2 (152,510 sq mi)
Power station
Turbines 6 x 180 MW Francis turbines
Installed capacity 1,080 MW
Annual generation 2.75 TWh

The Wanjiazhai Dam is a gravity dam on the Yellow River on the border of Pianguan County, Shaanxi Province (east bank) and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (west bank), China. The main purpose of the dam is water supply for the Wanjiazhai Water Control Project along with peak hydroelectric power generation. Construction on the dam began in 1994, the first generator went online in 1998 and the last in 2000.

Construction[edit]

The State Planning Commission approved construction of the dam in 1993. At the end of 1994, construction on the dam began and by December 1995, the river was diverted around the construction site. On October 1, 1998, the dam began to impound the reservoir and the first generator went online on November 28, 1998. Two more generators went online in 1999 and the final three in 2000.[1]

Dam design[edit]

The dam is a 105 m (344 ft) tall and 443 m (1,453 ft) long concrete gravity dam that withholds a reservoir with 896,000,000 m3 (726,399 acre·ft) of water, 445,000,000 m3 (360,767 acre·ft) of which is the regulating capacity. The dam's power plant contains 6 x 180 MW Francis Turbine-generators for an installed capacity of 1,080 MW.[2]

Wanjiazhai Water Control Project[edit]

Also known as the Wanjiazhai Water Transfer Project or Shanxi Wanjiazhai Yellow River Diversion Project, it is designed to alleviate water shortages in Taiyuan, Shuozhou and Datong and provide electricity for areas around the dam.[3] First, water derived from the Wanjiazhai Dam's reservoir is pumped through the 44 km (27 mi) long General Main at a rate up to 48 m3/s (1,695 cu ft/s), being assisted by three pump stations and the Shentongzui Reservoir along the way. At Xiatuzhai village, the General Main reaches a diversion sluice where it splits into the South Main and the North Main. Traveling at a rate of 20.5 m3/s (724 cu ft/s), water moves through the South Main for a distance of 102 km (63 mi) to Fenhe River and then the Fenhe Reservoir 38°04′01″N 111°53′48″E / 38.06694°N 111.89667°E / 38.06694; 111.89667 (Fenhe Reservoir) near Taiyuan. The South Main is intended to deliver 640,000,000 m3 (518,856 acre·ft) of water a year. The North Main, beginning at Xiatuzhai, travels northward for a distance of 167 km (104 mi) at a rate of 22.2 m3/s (784 cu ft/s), being assisted during its route by the Daliang Reservoir and pump station. The North Main terminates at the Zhaojiaxiaocun Reservoir near Datong.[4]

Contracts for the water control project were awarded in 2001 and by the end of the year, the first step was complete when Yellow River water flowed into the Fehne Reservoir. The entire cost of the project is $1.5 billion, $500 million is being funded by the World Bank.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hydroelectric Power Plants in China - other provinces". IndustCards. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 
  2. ^ "Wanjiazhai Water Control Project". China Internet Information Center. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 
  3. ^ Proceedings of the 30th International Geological Congress : Beijing, China, 4-14 August, 1996.. Utrecht: VSP. 1997. p. 159. ISBN 90-6764-276-2. 
  4. ^ "Wanjiazhai Yellow River Diversion Project". Liquis. pp. 1–3. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 
  5. ^ "Shanxi Wanjiazhai Yellow River Diversion Project, China". Water-Technology. Retrieved 12 January 2011.