Wankhede Stadium

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Wankhede Stadium
वानखेडे मैदान
Wankhede ICC WCF.jpg
Wankhede Stadium during the first innings of the 2011 Cricket World Cup Final between Sri Lanka and India.
Ground information
Location Mumbai
Establishment 1974
Capacity 33,482[1]
Owner Mumbai Cricket Association
Architect Shashi Prabhu and Associates (1974) Shashi Prabhu and Associates and P.K. Das and associates (2010)
Contractor Billimoria and Company
Operator Mumbai Cricket Association
Tenants Mumbai cricket team
Mumbai Indians
End names
Garware Pavilion End
Tata End
International information
First Test 23 – 29 Jan 1975[2]: India v West Indies
Last Test 14 – 16 November 2013: India v West Indies
First ODI 17 Jan 1987: India v Sri Lanka
Last ODI 23 October 2011: India v England

The Wankhede Stadium is a cricket stadium in the Indian city of Mumbai. The stadium now has capacity of 33,482, following renovations for the 2011 Cricket World Cup. Before the upgrade, the capacity was approximately 45,000.[3] The Wankhede stadium has been host to numerous high profile cricket matches in the past, including the match in which Ravi Shastri hit six sixes in an over. The stadium also hosted the 2011 Cricket World Cup Final, in which India defeated Sri Lanka by 6 wickets, apart from many other matches in both the 1996 as well as 2011 Cricket World Cup. The stadium witnessed the historic last match of Sachin Tendulkar's international career.

Early years[edit]

Mumbai has seen Test matches played at three different grounds. The Bombay Gymkhana ground hosted the first ever Test in India, in 1933–34 against England. After the world war II, the Cricket Club of India Ltd's Brabourne Stadium – second ground of the city – was used for 17 Tests. This ground was built after disputes between the Cricket Club of India, which owns the Brabourne Stadium, and the Mumbai Cricket Association over the allocation of tickets for cricket matches.[4] This became severe after the Test between India and England in 1973. At the initiative of S. K. Wankhede, a politician and the secretary of the Mumbai Cricket Association, MCA built the new stadium in South Mumbai near the Churchgate station. It was built in six months and opened in time for the final Test between India and the West Indies in 1975.[2] Since then the Wankhede stadium has taken over from Brabourne Stadium as the main cricketing venue in the city. It was named after the Association’s President Barrister Seshrao Wankhede in 1974.

It staged its first Test in the 1974–75 season when the West Indies toured India. Clive Lloyd scored an unbeaten 242 and in Pataudi's last hurrah, India lost by 201 runs. The Test also featured a crowd disturbance after a fan who rushed onto the ground to greet Lloyd was treated roughly by the police. India's first victory here was posted against the New Zealand two seasons later. The stadium has been a witness to great innings like Sunil Gavaskar's 205 against the West Indies and Alvin Kallicharan's 187 in the same game in the 1978–79 series and all round heroics like Ian Botham's century and thirteen wickets in the Jubilee Test in 1979–80, which England won by ten wickets. The highest score by an Indian at the Wankhede Stadium is Vinod Kambli's 224 against England in 1992–93 in only his third Test. Incidentally Ravi Shastri's six sixes in an over off Baroda's Tilak Raj in Ranji Trophy, en route to the fastest double-hundred in first-class cricket were recorded on this ground in 1984–85. His unbeaten 200 in 113 minutes off 123 balls with 13 fours and 13 sixes at this ground, is the fastest double century in first-class cricket ever since.

Stadium Development[edit]

The Wankhede Stadium was built in 1974 and the first Test match played was between India and West Indies from 23 to 28 January 1975. The Stadium was built at a time when only Test Matches were played and with the advent of One Day Cricket and Twenty 20 Cricket, the demands of a Stadium from spectator point of view have totally changed.

Since ICC World Cup Cricket 2011 was to be hosted by India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, and Mumbai was selected to host the final, it was decided to redevelop the Wankhede Stadium to suit the modern facilities and comfort of spectators.

The Managing Committee invited presentations from reputed Architects and shortlisted M/s. Shashi Prabhu & Associates and M/s. P.K. Das & Associates to jointly draw up a project for the redevelopment of the Wankhede Stadium. While redeveloping the Stadium, major changes were at the North end and the South end with better facilities to the spectators in terms of bucket seating, large number of toilets and food courts.

While MCA undertook the redevelopment of Wankhede Stadium, the ground was not available for domestic and international cricket till February 2011. In order to ensure that MCA did not miss out the turn of Test and ODI matches and also to develop a healthy working relationship with the Cricket Club of India.

One of the highlights of the stadium is the suspended cantilever roofs. The Teflon fabric roof is lighter in weight and heat resistant. There is no beam support for the roof to ensure that the spectators will have a better view. On the roof there are exhaust fans which suck the hot air from the stands and allow the breeze from the West to flow in. The stadium has 20 elevators for North and South stands. [5]

Pitch[edit]

The seaside situation of the Wankhede stadium means that the swing bowlers get a fair amount of assistance during the early part of each day. Red soil is used to prepare the pitch, which ensures consistent bounce. Pitch has always been a slow turner. Most of the time it is made result oriented. It has traditionally been full of runs, but it does help the spinners during the last couple of days, and in the Test played on the ground, against Australia in 2004, the ball spun viciously from early on and this, coupled with low bounce, helped India win in under three days even though almost a whole day was lost to rain. The pitch has created many exciting games here with the test between India and West Indies in 2011 ending in draw with both side tied on equal runs. The most recent test match at the stadium between India and England in 2012 saw a rank turner prepared on the demands of the Indian captain, a plan which backfired as the Indian batsmen were bamboozled by the English spinners.

Ground facts and figures[edit]

  • Capacity: 33,482
  • Floodlights: Yes
  • End names: Garware Pavilion End, Tata End
  • Curator: Sudhir Naik.
  • The highest Test total at the Wankhede Stadium is 604/6 Dec by the West Indies against India in the 1974/75 season.
  • The lowest Test total at the Wankhede Stadium Stadium is 93 by Australia against India in the 2004/05 season.
  • The highest partnership at the Wankhede Stadium is 298 by DB Vengsarkar and RJ Shastri for India against Australia in the 1986/87 season.
  • The highest ODI total at the Wankhede Stadium is 358/6 by New Zealand against Canada in the 2011 Cricket World Cup.
  • The lowest ODI total at the Wankhede Stadium is 115 all out by Bangladesh against India in the 1998 season.
  • Wankhede Stadium is the home ground of Mumbai Indians team in Indian Premier League.

Sunil Gavaskar (1122 runs) had scored the most number of runs in this stadium followed by Sachin Tendulkar. The highest scores in ODIs were 358/6 for New Zealand, 299/4 for India and Sri Lanka 289/7. Sachin Tendulkar (455 runs) had scored the most number of runs in this stadium followed by Mohammed Azharuddin (302 runs) and Rahul Dravid (246 runs) in ODIs. Venkatesh Prasad (15 wickets) had taken the most wickets in this stadium followed by Anil Kumble (12 wickets) and Harbhajan Singh (9 wickets) in ODIs.

The ground is situated near the Marine Lines in Mumbai. The stadium has 7 different stands:

Wankhede Stadium during the first innings of the 2011 Cricket World Cup Final between Sri Lanka and India.
Panoramic shot of Wankhede Stadium during the 2011 Cricket World Cup final between Sri Lanka and India.

Test Matches[edit]

List of Test matches hosted at Wankhede Stadium.[6]

S No Team (A) Team (B) Winner Margin Match Date
1 India West Indies West Indies 201 runs Jan 23–29 1975
2 India New Zealand India 162 runs Nov 10–15 1976
3 India England drawn N/A Feb 11–16 1977
4 India West Indies drawn N/A Dec 1–6 1978
5 India Australia India inns & 100 runs Nov 3–7 1979
6 India Pakistan India 131 runs Dec 16–20 1979
7 India England England 10 wickets Feb 15–19 1980
8 India England India 138 runs Nov 27 – Dec 1 1981
9 India West Indies drawn N/A Nov 24–29 1983
10 India England India 8 wickets Nov 28 – Dec 3 1984
11 India Australia drawn N/A Oct 15–19 1986
12 India West Indies drawn N/A Dec 11–16 1987
13 India New Zealand New Zealand 136 runs Nov 24–29 1988
14 India England India inns & 15 runs Feb 19–23 1993
15 India West Indies India 96 runs Nov 18–22 1994
16 India Sri Lanka Drawn N/A Dec 3–7 1997
17 India South Africa South Africa 4 wickets Feb 24–26 2000
18 India Australia Australia 10 wickets Feb 27 – Mar 1 2001
19 India West Indies India inns & 112 runs Oct 9–12 2002
20 India Australia India 13 runs Nov 3–5 2004
21 India England England 112 runs Mar 18–22 2006
22 India West Indies drawn N/A Nov 22–26 2011
23 India England England 10 wickets Nov 23–26 2012
24 India West Indies India inns & 126 runs Nov 14-16 2013

One Day International[edit]

List of ODIs hosted at Wankhede Stadium.[7]

S No Team (A) Team (B) Winner Margin Match Date
1 India Sri Lanka India 10 runs Jan 17, 1987
2 India Zimbabwe India 8 wickets Oct 17, 1987
3 India England England 35 runs Nov 5, 1987
4 India West Indies West Indies 8 wickets Oct 30, 1989
5 Sri Lanka West Indies West Indies 46 runs Nov 9, 1993
6 India West Indies India 8 runs Oct 20, 1994
7 India Australia Australia 16 runs Feb 27, 1996
8 India South Africa India 35 runs Nov 6, 1996
9 India South Africa India 74 runs Dec 14, 1996
10 India Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 5 wickets May 17, 1997
11 India Bangladesh India 5 wickets May 25, 1998
12 India England England 5 runs Feb 3, 2002
13 India Australia Australia 77 runs Nov 1, 2003
14 India South Africa India 5 wickets Nov 28, 2005
15 India Australia India 2 wickets Oct 17, 2007
16 Canada New Zealand New Zealand 97 runs Mar 13, 2011
17 New Zealand Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 112 runs Mar 18, 2011
18 India Sri Lanka India 6 wickets Apr 2, 2011
19 India England India 6 wickets Oct 23, 2011

Cricket World Cup[edit]

This stadium has hosted One Day International (ODI) matches every time that India has hosted the Cricket World Cup:

1987 Cricket World Cup[edit]

17 October 1987
Scorecard
India 
136/2 (27.5 overs)
v
 Zimbabwe
135 (44.2 overs)
Dilip Vengsarkar 46*(37)
John Traicos 2/27 (8 overs)
Andrew Pycroft 61 (102)
Manoj Prabhakar 4/19 (8 overs)
India won by 8 wickets
Umpires: Mahboob Shah and David Shepherd
Player of the match: Manoj Prabhakar
5 November 1987
Scorecard
India 
219 (45.3 overs)
v
 England
254/6 (50 overs)
Mohammad Azharuddin 64 (74)
Eddie Hemmings 4/52 (9.3 overs)
Graham Gooch 115 (136)
Maninder Singh 3/54 (10 overs)
England won by 35 runs
Umpires: Tony Crafter and Steve Woodward
Player of the match: Graham Gooch

1996 Cricket World Cup[edit]

27 February 1996
Scorecard
Australia 
258 (50 overs)
v
 India
242 (48 overs)
Mark Waugh 126 (135)
Venkatapathy Raju 2/48 (10 overs)
Sachin Tendulkar 90 (84)
Damien Fleming 5/36 (9 overs)
Australia won by 16 runs
Umpires: Steve Dunne and David Shepherd
Player of the match: Mark Waugh

2011 Cricket World Cup[edit]

13 March 2011
Scorecard
Canada 
261/9 (50 overs)
v
 New Zealand
358/6 (50 overs)
AS Hansra 70(105)
Harvir Baidwan 3/84 (9.1 overs)
BB McCullum 101(109)
Jacob Oram 3/47 (10 overs)
New Zealand won by 97 runs
Umpires: BNJ Oxenford and SK Tarapore
Player of the match: Brendon McCullum
18 March 2011
Scorecard
Sri Lanka 
265/9 (50 overs)
v
 New Zealand
153/10 (35 overs)
Kumar Sangakkara 111(128)
Muttiah Muralitharan 4/25 (8 overs)
Ross Taylor 33(55)
Tim Southee 3/63 (10 overs)
Sri Lanka won by 112 runs
Umpires: Asad Rauf and RA Kettleborough
Player of the match: Kumar Sangakkara
2 April 2011
Scorecard
India 
277/4 (48.2 overs)
v
 Sri Lanka
274/6 (50 overs)
Gautam Gambhir 97(122)
Yuvraj Singh 2/49 (10 overs)
Mahela Jayawardene 103(88)
Lasith Malinga 2/42 (9 overs)
India won by 6 wickets
Umpires: Aleem Dar and Simon Taufel
Player of the match: MS Dhoni

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 18°56′20.1″N 72°49′32.6″E / 18.938917°N 72.825722°E / 18.938917; 72.825722