Wanli District, New Taipei
Rock formations at Yeliu in Wanli
Location of Wanli in New Taipei City
|Country||Republic of China|
|Special municipality||New Taipei City (新北市)|
|• District Chief||Lai Jun-da (賴俊達)|
|• Total||63.38 km2 (24.47 sq mi)|
|Population (November 2010)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC+8)|
Wanli District (Chinese: 萬里區; pinyin: Wànlǐ Qū) is a rural district on the rocky seacoast in northeastern New Taipei City in northern Taiwan. Wanli is a popular tourist destination and the site of the Cape Yeliu Miocene Formation which features distinctive hoodoo outcrops. The "Queen's Head" outcrop is a Taiwanese icon and serves as an informal trademark for the township.
Wanli was inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines before the era of European colonization. The area first came under the control of the Spanish, who were then ousted by the Dutch. The Ming dynasty loyalist Koxinga landed his troops at Wanli in 1661 to expel the Dutch from their northern strongholds while their principal fortress in Tainan was under siege.
In 1683 following the Qing dynasty conquest of Taiwan the area was incorporated into Zhuluo County. When the Japanese took control of the island in 1895 Wanli (called Banri by the Japanese) became part of the Kīron (Keelung) district of Taihoku County, followed in 1901 by a reorganisation which saw Taihoku County split up into smaller prefectures, with Banri becoming part of Kīron Prefecture. In 1909 Kīron Prefecture was amalgamated into the larger Taihoku Prefecture, a situation which remained in place until the Kuomintang took over administration of Taiwan at the end of World War II. Taihoku Prefecture became Taipei County, and Banri Village became Wanli Township.
Wanli is bordered to the northwest by Jinshan District, to the northeast by the Pacific Ocean, to the east by the Anle and Qidu Districts of Keelung. To the south is a short border with Xizhi District of New Taipei City, and to the southwest is Taipei City's Shilin District. The topography of the area is marked by the rocky Pacific coastline and the forested, mountainous interior.
Since 25 December 2010 Wanli has been administered as the Wanli District of New Taipei City. Prior to this date it had been the Wanli Township of Taipei County. Wanli is further subdivided into ten villages; Wanli (萬里里), Beiji (北基里), Guihou (龜吼里), Yeliu (野柳里), Dapeng (大鵬里), Huangtan (磺潭里), Shuangxing (雙興里), Xidi (溪底里), Kanjiao (崁腳里), and Zhongfu (中幅里). Prior to the 2010 reorganisation Wanli elected its own mayor, but now as a district of New Taipei City the District Chief is appointed by the mayor of New Taipei City.
- Yeliu (野柳)
- Feicui Bay (翡翠灣)