Wansbeck (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Wansbeck in Northumberland.
Location of Northumberland within England.
|Electorate||62,395 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Ian Lavery (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||Morpeth, Bedlington and Newbiggin-by-the-Sea|
|Created from||South Northumberland|
|European Parliament constituency||North East England|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 Sources
Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies did not alter this constituency for the 2010 general election, thus since 1997 it has electoral wards:
- Bedlington: Central, East and West wards; Bothal, Central, Choppington, Guide Post, Haydon, Hurst, Newbiggin East, Newbiggin West, Park, Seaton, Sleekburn and Stakeford which formed the former district of Wansbeck
- Hebron, Hepscott and Mitford, Morpeth Central, Morpeth Kirkhill, Morpeth North, Morpeth South, Morpeth Stobhill and Pegswood in the former borough of Castle Morpeth - all of the above being in the unitary county of Northumberland.
- Political history
The seat alternated in accordance with the national trend in mining-strong communities outside of South Yorkshire, which as such saw significant early Labour support, and led to, in the 1931 and 1935 elections, a general transfer of loyalty to the Conservative Party, and ushered in a return to Labour support in the next contested election in 1945.
- Prominent frontbenchers
Alfred Robens represented the area in the Attlee ministry and towards the end of the year of Attlee's more marginal victory (1950-51) served as Minister of Labour and National Service. He then in 1951 won instead the newly created Blyth seat to the immediate south. In 1955 he became Shadow Foreign Secretary until an unimpressive performance in predicting and reacting to events in the Suez Crisis in 1956. However, in a position which would span the period 1961 until 1971, he became Chairman of the National Coal Board (and Lord Robens) and oversaw substantial cuts in the mining industry. During this period he co-authored the Robens Report that followed his difficult but practical risk management of the coal mining sector, including accepting some culpability in the Aberfan Disaster. This led, with the ministry of Barbara Castle's adjustments, to the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 which set up the Health and Safety Executive and remains the foundation of this area of English law.
The constituency has been held solely by Labour since its recreation, during which time its history presents a safe seat. The most marginal majority was in 2010, in a similar result to 1983 when the runner-up candidate was a Liberal Democrat.
The seat has the visitor attractions of a historic main town with a castle, Morpeth and the traditional seaside town of Newbiggin. Workless claimants as registered jobseekers, with high male unemployment, which is widespread but exacerbated in the area, in November 2012, was higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 6.2% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian. This was marginally higher than the then regional average of 5.9%.
Members of Parliament
|1922||George Henry Warne||Labour|
|1929||George William Shield||Labour|
MPs since 1983
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Wansbeck|
|Liberal Democrat||Simon Reed||10,517||27.5||+1.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Wansbeck|
|Liberal Democrat||Simon Reed||9,734||26.4||+3.6|
|General Election 2001: Wansbeck|
|Liberal Democrat||Alan Thompson||8,516||22.8||+6.8|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Wansbeck|
|Liberal Democrat||Alan Thompson||7,202||15.9||+0.6|
|Conservative||Paul V. Green||6,299||13.9||-9.7|
|Referendum Party||Peter H. Gompertz||1,146||2.5||N/A|
|Green||Nic F. Best||956||2.1||+0.7|
|General Election 1992: Wansbeck|
|Liberal Democrat||Brian C. Priestley||7,691||15.3||-7.8|
|Green||Nic F. Best||710||1.4||+1.4|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Wansbeck|
|Liberal||Mrs. S.A.G. Mitchell||11,291||23.1||-7.0|
|General Election 1983: Wansbeck|
Elections in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Wansbeck|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Wansbeck by-election, 1940|
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1935: Wansbeck|
|General Election 1931: Wansbeck|
|Labour||George William Shield||24,126||41.75|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1920s
|General Election 1929: Wansbeck
|Labour||George William Shield||27,930|
|Liberal||Rev. Frederick Wandby||6,330|
|Wansbeck by-election, 1929|
|Labour||George William Shield||20,398||58.0||+5.1|
Elections in the 1910s
|Wansbeck by-election, 1918|
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Northumberland
- Wansbeck by-election, 1929
- Wansbeck by-election, 1940
- Wansbeck by-election, 1918
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Statement of Persons Nomination Northumberland County Council
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.