Wanyan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Heishui Mohe tribe. For the surname, see Wanyan (surname).
A bixi stone tortoise that was originally erected on the grave of Wanyan Asikui (阿思魁, ?-1136), one of Aguda's generals. Originally installed near today's Ussuriysk in 1193, the monument is now exhibited in Khabarovsk Regional Museum

Wanyan (Chinese: 完颜; pinyin: Wányán; Manchu:ᠸᠠᠩᡤᡳᠶᠠᠨ Wanggiyan; Jurchen script: Wo-on gia-an.png) was a Heishui Mohe tribe living in the drainage region of the Heilong River during the Khitan Liao Dynasty time. According to the "History of the Jin" (Jinshi 金史), Hanpu, the paternal ancestor of the clan's leading lineage, came from the kingdom of Goryeo at the age of sixty.[1] The tribe was part of "uncivilized Jurchen"(生女真), which means that the tribe was not subordinated to the direct ruling of Khitan Emperors. Those Heishui Mohe tribes ruled by Khitan Emperors were called "civilized Jurchen" (熟女真) to indicate that they are more civilized.

In 1115, Wanyan Aguda, the chieftain of the Wanyan Tribe, founded Jurchen Jin Dynasty. He destroyed Khitan Liao Dynasty before he died in 1123. Two years later, his brother Wanyan Wuqimai invaded Song Dynasty and conquered northern China in the Jin–Song wars. Jurchens were sinicized afterwards. The surname "Wanyan" is sinicized as "Wang" according to Jurchen's official history records. In 1234, Jurchen Jin Dynasty was destroyed by the alliance of Mongol and Han Chinese's Southern Song Dynasty. Both Mongol and Han Chinese claimed that people with the surname "Wanyan" will be treated as from the royal line of Jurchen Jin and be executed immediately. Therefore, for the sake of survival, people with the surname "Wanyan" either changed the name to a Han Chinese form or moved to remote area. In present day China, only the villagers in a small town of Jingchuan, Gansu Province keep the surname "Wanyan".

See also[edit]

Category:Wanyan family – Wanyan family members (Chinese)
List of Manchu clans - List_of_Manchu_clans

References[edit]

  1. ^ Original passage: 金之始祖諱函普,初從高麗來,年已六十餘矣. From Jinshi 金史, chapter 1; Zhonghua shuju edition (1974), p. 2. The same claim was later made in Chapter 7 of Research on the Origin of the Manchus (Manzhou yuanliu kao 滿洲源流考), which was presented to the Qing throne in 1777. That book called Hanpu "Hafu" (哈富).