Wappinger Creek

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Wappinger Creek (Ma-we-na-wasigh[1])
River
Wappinger Creek at Red Oaks Mill.jpg
Wappinger Creek at Red Oaks Mill at high flow
Name origin: Native American Indians known as the "Wappingers"
Country USA
State New York
County Dutchess
Municipality Wappingers, New York, Poughkeepsie
Source Thompson Pond
 - location Pine Plains
Mouth Hudson River
 - location New Hamburg, New York, Dutchess County, USA
Length 41.7 mi (67 km), North–south
Wappinger Creek Watershed
[2]

Wappinger Creek is a 41.7-mile-long (67.1 km)[3] creek which runs from Thompson Pond to the Hudson River at New Hamburg in Dutchess County, New York, United States. It is the longest creek in Dutchess County, with the largest watershed in the county.

Overview[edit]

A frozen waterfall along the creek
View of the creek from the Best Western Inn and Suites at the Falls

The creek flows in a north–south direction on the eastern side of the Hudson River. The creek's source is Thompson Pond near Pine Plains, and it heads southwestward towards its mouth in the Hudson River near New Hamburg. Along the way, it goes through fluctuations in width and follows an erratic path; in Wappingers Falls, it forms Wappinger Lake, a man-made reservoir.[4] The initial .25 mi (0.40 km) of the creek runs through rocky, steep, wooded terrain. However as it approaches the Hudson it enters the river's tidal range, and has sandbars, mudflats and marshes. The creek is also home to numerous species, and is an important spawning area for anadromous fish, which thrive in the creek between April and June. Largemouth bass, bluegill, pumpkinseed, red-breasted sunfish, and brown bullhead, however, are resident species.[5] Also, the creek is annually stocked with various species of trout for the purpose of recreational fishing. Some residents and maps such as the 1867 Dutchess County Atlas refer to the creek as the Wappingers, as does the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation,[6] the National Weather Service, and the Hudson River Riverkeeper.

Tributaries[edit]

Wappinger Creek has four distinct tributaries; the longest of which is Little Wappinger Creek which enters the creek from the east bank.

The tributaries are listed below from the source to the mouth, with Hunns Lake Creek being the northern most and Little Wappinger Creek being the southernmost.

Name Mouth
coordinates
  
Source
coordinates
  
Remarks  
Hunns Lake Creek[7] 41°52′29″N 73°42′10″W / 41.8748°N 73.7029°W / 41.8748; -73.7029 (Hunns Lake Creek) 41°54′50″N 73°38′39″W / 41.9139°N 73.6442°W / 41.9139; -73.6442 (Hunns Lake Creek) Named after its source, Hunns Lake
Willow Brook[8] 42°43′36″N 73°42′26″W / 42.7267°N 73.7072°W / 42.7267; -73.7072 (Willow Brook) 41°42′14″N 73°42′26″W / 41.7038°N 73.7072°W / 41.7038; -73.7072 (Willow Brook) Enters Wappinger Creek where County Route 17 crosses
East Brach Wappinger Creek[9] 41°48′50″N 73°45′29″W / 41.8139°N 73.7581°W / 41.8139; -73.7581 (West Branch Wappinger Creek) 41°47′39″N 73°41′33″W / 41.7942°N 73.6926°W / 41.7942; -73.6926 (East Branch Wappinger Creek) One of the two largest tributaries of Wappinger Creek
Little Wappinger Creek[10] 41°47′51″N 73°47′20″W / 41.7975°N 73.7890°W / 41.7975; -73.7890 (Little Wappinger Creek) 41°59′18″N 73°46′16″W / 41.9884°N 73.7712°W / 41.9884; -73.7712 (Little Wappinger Creek) Longest Tributary of Wappinger Creek

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]