Variazh

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Variazh
Варяж
Village
Panorama of Variazh with the St. Mark's Church seen in the distance.
Panorama of Variazh with the St. Mark's Church seen in the distance.
Coat of arms of Variazh
Coat of arms
Variazh is located in Lviv Oblast
Variazh
Variazh
Coordinates: 50°31′01″N 24°05′33″E / 50.51694°N 24.09250°E / 50.51694; 24.09250Coordinates: 50°31′01″N 24°05′33″E / 50.51694°N 24.09250°E / 50.51694; 24.09250
Country  Ukraine
Province  Lviv Oblast
District Sokal Raion
First mentioned 1419
Magdeburg rights 1538
Government
 • Village Head Yuriy Horodko (NRU)
Area
 • Total 2.17 km2 (0.84 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 202 m (663 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 888
 • Density 410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 80014
Area code +380 3257
Website http://rada.gov.ua/

Variazh (Ukrainian: Варяж; Polish: Waręż) is a former city (currently a village) in the Sokal Raion (district) of Lviv Oblast (province) in western Ukraine. Its population is 888 as of the 2001 Ukrainian Census.[2] The village is located close to the border with Poland, near the Polish village of Uśmierz.[3]

The first written documents date the settlement back to in 1419 as Waręż.[3] In 1538, the settlement was granted the Magdeburg rights.[3][4] Waręż had a significant population of Jews living in the city: in 1880, there were 880 Jews; in 1900, there were 964 Jews; in 1921, there were 520 Jews. During the Holocaust, Waręż's entire Jewish population was killed.[5]

Until the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939, Waręż was a part of the Polish Lwów Voivodeship (Sokal County) and – since 1934 – seat of the Gmina Waręż, a rural administrative district of Poland[6] (Waręż does not appear on lists of towns since at least 1931,[7][8][9] and prior to this it only had market town status (miasteczko), which was considered a rural unit in an administrative sense[10]).

During the war, the settlement became a part of the Hrubieszów County,[11] which after the war returned to the Lublin Voivodeship. During the 1951 Polish–Soviet territorial exchange, Waręż along with most of the pre-war Sokal County was transferred from the People's Republic of Poland to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.[12] There, the settlement was renamed to Novoukrainka (Ukrainian: Новоукраїнка),[2] a name which it kept until 1989 when it was reverted to its original—albeit Ukrainian variant of the name, "Variazh."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Variazh (Lviv Oblast, Sokal Raion)". weather.in.ua. Retrieved 15 February 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Variazh, Lviv Oblast, Sokal Raion". Regions of Ukraine and their Structure (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 15 February 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Variazh". karpaty.info (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 16 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Variazh". Architectural and Natural Monuments of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 16 February 2012. 
  5. ^ "Variazh". Russian Jewish Encyclopedia (in Russian). Retrieved 16 February 2012. 
  6. ^ Dz. U. z 1934 r. Nr 64, poz. 554 - Rozporządzenie Ministra Spraw Wewnętrznych z dnia 14 lipca 1934 r. o podziale powiatu sokalskiego w województwie lwowskiem na gminy wiejskie
  7. ^ Drugi Powszechny Spis Ludności z dnia 9 grudnia 1931 r., GUS, Warszawa, 1932
  8. ^ Podział administracyjny Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej: Praca zespołowa pod redakcją prof. Stanisława Srokowskiego. Warszawa: Biblioteka Samorządowca Nr 77, 1948.
  9. ^ Informator adresowy miast i gmin wiejskich Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. Warszawa: Instytut Wydawniczy Kolumna, 1948.
  10. ^ Skorowidz miejscowości Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej - Tom XIII - Województwo Lwowskie, Główny Urząd Statystyczny Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, Warszawa 1924
  11. ^ Amtliches Gemeinde- und Dorfverzeichnis fuer das GG
  12. ^ Sylwester Fertacz, Krojenie mapy Polski: Bolesna granica. Alfa. Retrieved from the Internet Archive on 14 November 2011

External links[edit]