Panorama of Variazh with the St. Mark's Church seen in the distance.
|• Village Head||Yuriy Horodko (NRU)|
|• Total||2.17 km2 (0.84 sq mi)|
|Elevation||202 m (663 ft)|
|• Density||410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code||+380 3257|
Variazh (Ukrainian: Варяж; Polish: Waręż) is a former city (currently a village) in the Sokal Raion (district) of Lviv Oblast (province) in western Ukraine. Its population is 888 as of the 2001 Ukrainian Census. The village is located close to the border with Poland, near the Polish village of Uśmierz.
The first written documents date the settlement back to in 1419 as Waręż. In 1538, the settlement was granted the Magdeburg rights. Waręż had a significant population of Jews living in the city: in 1880, there were 880 Jews; in 1900, there were 964 Jews; in 1921, there were 520 Jews. During the Holocaust, Waręż's entire Jewish population was killed.
Until the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939, Waręż was a part of the Polish Lwów Voivodeship (Sokal County) and – since 1934 – seat of the Gmina Waręż, a rural administrative district of Poland (Waręż does not appear on lists of towns since at least 1931, and prior to this it only had market town status (miasteczko), which was considered a rural unit in an administrative sense).
During the war, the settlement became a part of the Hrubieszów County, which after the war returned to the Lublin Voivodeship. During the 1951 Polish–Soviet territorial exchange, Waręż along with most of the pre-war Sokal County was transferred from the People's Republic of Poland to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. There, the settlement was renamed to Novoukrainka (Ukrainian: Новоукраїнка), a name which it kept until 1989 when it was reverted to its original—albeit Ukrainian variant of the name, "Variazh."
People from Variazh
- Yaroslav Mendus, Ukrainian politician
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- "Variazh". Architectural and Natural Monuments of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- "Variazh". Russian Jewish Encyclopedia (in Russian). Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- Dz. U. z 1934 r. Nr 64, poz. 554 - Rozporządzenie Ministra Spraw Wewnętrznych z dnia 14 lipca 1934 r. o podziale powiatu sokalskiego w województwie lwowskiem na gminy wiejskie
- Drugi Powszechny Spis Ludności z dnia 9 grudnia 1931 r., GUS, Warszawa, 1932
- Podział administracyjny Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej: Praca zespołowa pod redakcją prof. Stanisława Srokowskiego. Warszawa: Biblioteka Samorządowca Nr 77, 1948.
- Informator adresowy miast i gmin wiejskich Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. Warszawa: Instytut Wydawniczy Kolumna, 1948.
- Skorowidz miejscowości Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej - Tom XIII - Województwo Lwowskie, Główny Urząd Statystyczny Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, Warszawa 1924
- Amtliches Gemeinde- und Dorfverzeichnis fuer das GG
- Sylwester Fertacz, Krojenie mapy Polski: Bolesna granica. Alfa. Retrieved from the Internet Archive on 14 November 2011
- "22 May: Belz, Uhniv, Variazh, Tartakiv" (PHOTOGALLERY). Zabrama (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 20 February 2012.