War comics

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War comics

Battlefield Action #67 (March 1981).
Cover at by Pat Masulli and Rocco Mastroserio[1]
 
This topic covers comics that fall under the military fiction genre.
Sub genres
Thess type of comics can be broken down into:
Military science fiction comics
World War I comics
World War II comics

War comics is a genre of comic books that gained popularity in English-speaking countries following World War II.

History[edit]

American war comics[edit]

Shortly after the birth of the modern comic book in the mid- to late 1930s, comics publishers began including stories of wartime adventures in the multi-genre omnibus titles then popular as a format. Even prior to the U.S. involvement in World War II, comic books such as Captain America Comics #1 (March 1941) depicted superheroes fighting Adolf Hitler and the Nazis.

Golden Age publisher Quality Comics debuted its title Blackhawk in 1944; the title was published more or less continuously until the mid-1980s.

In the post-World War II era, comic books devoted solely to war stories began appearing, and gained popularity the United States and Canada through the 1950s and even during the Vietnam War. The titles tended to concentrate on US military depictions, generally in World War II, the Korean War or the Vietnam War. Most publishers produced anthologies; industry giant DC Comics' war comics included such long-running titles as All-American Men of War, Our Army at War, Our Fighting Forces, and Star Spangled War Stories. Another prolific publisher of war comics was Charlton Comics, which produced a wide variety of titles beginning in the 1950s, such as Battlefield Action, Fightin' Army, and Fightin' Marines. Quality also began publishing G.I. Combat during this era. Marvel Comics also produced war titles, notably Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos.

In contrast to the typical glamorizing approach of most war titles, the EC Comics titles Frontline Combat and Two-Fisted Tales (produced in the early 1950s) depicted the horrors of war realistically and in great detail, exposing what editor Harvey Kurtzman saw as the truth about war without idealizing it. (The mid-1960s black-and-white comics magazine Blazing Combat, produced by Warren Publishing, was similarly devoted to authentically drawn and researched combat stories with a self-professed anti-war slant.)

Around 1959, several recurring characters began to appear in mainstream comic lines, including Sgt. Rock and The Haunted Tank in the DC line. These recurring characters began as regular "guests" of anthology titles such as Our Army at War and later graduated to their own titles.

End of the Silver Age[edit]

By the late 1980s, a great number of venerable war titles (most of which were either anthologies or else World War II-themed titles) from the late 1950s and 1960s "Silver Age of Comic Books" died out. War comics series that ended long runs in the 1980s, following publication of over 100 issues, include:

New titles were still appearing, however – notable among these being Marvel's the 'Nam, which debuted in 1987 and was based during the first year on writer Doug Murray's actual Vietnam experiences (through the eyes of fictional character Ed Marks). Murray was surprised that his proposal for a Vietnam-war themed comic was accepted during this period: "I never expected anything to come of it because war books were already pretty much dead at that point in 1985."[5] Another notable war comic focused on Vietnam was Don Lomax's Vietnam Journal, published by Apple Comics from 1987 to 1991.

Also from Marvel in the 1980s was the toy tie-in G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero which focused on a fictional counter-terrorist team in a contemporary setting, and a limited run of Tales of the Marine Corps, similar in tone and style to Charlton's Fightin' line of war anthologies.

British war comics[edit]

Black and white anthology stories were popular in Britain in the 1960s and early 1970s. Examples include Commando Comics and Battle Picture Weekly. There were also weekly comics that consisted of a variety of mainly war story series, such as The Victor, Warlord and Battle.

Reprints[edit]

Trade paperback reprint collections of war comics include:

  • Blackhawk Archives Vol. 1 (reprints "Blackhawk" stories from Military Comics #1–17)
  • Enemy Ace Archives Vol. 1 (reprints "Enemy Ace" stories from Showcase #57, 58, Star-Spangled War Stories #138–142)
  • Enemy Ace Archives Vol. 2 (reprints Star-Spangled War Stories #143–145, 147–150, 152, 181–183, 200)
  • The Losers by Jack Kirby (reprints Our Fighting Forces #151–162)
  • Marvel Masterworks Sgt. Fury Vol. 1 (reprints Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos #1–13)
  • Marvel Masterworks Sgt. Fury Vol. 2 (reprints Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos #14–23, Annual #1)
  • Sgt. Rock Archives Vol. 1 (reprints G.I. Combat #68, Our Army at War #81–96)
  • Sgt. Rock Archives Vol. 2 (reprints Our Army at War #97–110)
  • Sgt. Rock Archives Vol. 3 (reprints Our Army at War #111–125)
  • Showcase Presents Blackhawk Vol. 1 (reprints Blackhawk #108–127)
  • Showcase Presents Enemy Ace Vol. 1 (reprints "Enemy Ace" stories from Our Army at War #151, 153, 155, Showcase #57–58, Star-Spangled War Stories #138–152, 158, 181–183, and 200, Detective Comics #404, Men at War #1–3, 8–10, 12–14, 19–20, The Unknown Soldier #252–253, 260–261, 265–267, DC Special #26)
  • Showcase Presents The Haunted Tank Vol. 1 (reprints "The Haunted Tank" stories from G.I. Combat #87–119, The Brave and the Bold #52, Our Army at War #155)
  • Showcase Presents The Haunted Tank Vol. 2 (reprints "The Haunted Tank" stories from G.I. Combat #120–157)
  • Showcase Presents Sgt. Rock Vol. 1 (reprints "Sgt. Rock" stories from Our Army at War #81–117)
  • Showcase Presents Sgt. Rock Vol. 2 (reprints "Sgt. Rock" stories from Our Army at War #118–148)
  • Showcase Presents The Unknown Soldier Vol. 1 (reprints "Unknown Soldier" stories from Star-Spangled War Stories #151–190)
  • Showcase Presents The War that Time Forgot Vol. 1 (reprints "The War that Time Forgot" stories from Star-Spangled War Stories #90–137)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Battlefield Action #67". Grand Comics Database. Retrieved 2009-12-25. 
  2. ^ a b "comics database accessed 6 July 2006". Comics-db.com. Retrieved 2006-07-06. 
  3. ^ "comics database article accessed 6 July 2006". Comics-db.com. Retrieved 2006-07-06. 
  4. ^ "30th Century Comics website accessed 7 July 2006". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2006-07-07. 
  5. ^ "interview". Slushfactory.com. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 

References[edit]