War of Ezekiel 38–39
The War of Ezekiel 38–39 or The War of Gog and Magog is an episode described in the Book of Ezekiel.
The Book of Ezekiel was written in 593 to 571 BC by Ezekiel, a former priest of the Temple in Jerusalem. Ezekiel lived through the traumatic events of the early 6th century BC which saw Jerusalem fall to the Babylonians, the Temple of Solomon destroyed, and many Israelites, himself included, carried off into captivity (the Babylonian captivity). The book describes these events as God's punishments for Israel's sins and lack of faith. In chapter 37, the vision of the "valley of dry bones", Ezekiel at last assures the captives in Babylon that they will return from exile. Chapters 38–39 then tell how Gog of Magog (meaning "Gog from the Land of Gog") and his hordes from the north will threaten the restored Israel, but will be destroyed by God. Then, following the defeat of Gog, God will establish a new Temple where he will dwell forever with his people (chapters 40-48). The underlying theological message is that even so fearsome an enemy as this is ultimately under the control of the God of Israel, since it is God himself who says to Gog, "I will bring you against my land."
- Blenkinsopp, p.178
- Bullock, p.301
- Petersen, p.158
- Joseph Blenkinsopp, "A history of prophecy in Israel" (Westminster John Knox Press, 1996)
- C. Hassell Bullock, "An Introduction to the Old Testament Prophetic Books" (Moody Press, 1986)
- Lester L. Grabbe and Robert Hakke (eds), "'Every city shall be forsaken': urbanism and prophecy in ancient Israel and the Near East" (Sheffield Academic Press, 2001)
- David L. Petersen, "The prophetic literature: an introduction" (Westminster John Knox Press, 2002)
- Paul L. Redditt, "Introduction to the Prophets" (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2008)