Warangal

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Warangal
వరంగల్
Orugallu
Ekasila Nagaram
City and District HQ
Kirti torana of Kakatiya Dynasty
Kirti torana of Kakatiya Dynasty
Warangal is located in Andhra Pradesh
Warangal
Warangal
Coordinates: 18°00′N 79°35′E / 18.0°N 79.58°E / 18.0; 79.58Coordinates: 18°00′N 79°35′E / 18.0°N 79.58°E / 18.0; 79.58
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Telangana
District Warangal
Named for Heritage
Government
 • Body Municipal Corporation
Area
 • Total 471.7 km2 (182.1 sq mi)
Elevation 302 m (991 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 759,594 UA with
620,116 in city MC[1][2]
 • Rank 71
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration AP 36
Website www.ourwmc.com
Sunset at Bhadrakali Lake
Carved pillar at Thousand Pillar Temple

Warangal (About this sound pronunciation ; also known as Orugallu, and Ekasila Nagaram) is a city [3] and district headquarters of Warangal district in Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[4] Warangal is located 148 kilometres (92 mi) northeast of the state capital of Hyderabad and is the administrative headquarters of Warangal District. Warangal area is a combination of: Warangal, Hanmakonda and Kazipet. Warangal is the second biggest city next to Hyderabad in Telangana region and fourth biggest in the state of Andhra Pradesh next to Hyderabad,Visakhapatnam and Vijayawada.[5]

History[edit]

Warangal was the capital of Kakatiya kingdom ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty from the 12th to the 14th centuries. The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including an impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake. The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. After the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years.[citation needed]

The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state of Hyderabad in 1724 which included the Telangana region and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Hyderabad was annexed to India in 1948, and became an Indian state. In 1956 Hyderabad was partitioned as part of the States Reorganization Act, and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state which includes Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh.

Warangal Train Station

Geography and climate[edit]

Warangal is located at 18°00′N 79°35′E / 18.0°N 79.58°E / 18.0; 79.58. It has an average elevation of 302 metres (990 feet).

Climate[edit]

Warangal
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
15
 
30
16
 
 
5
 
33
18
 
 
5
 
37
22
 
 
7
 
40
26
 
 
15
 
42
28
 
 
50
 
37
28
 
 
85
 
32
25
 
 
170
 
31
25
 
 
160
 
33
23
 
 
70
 
33
22
 
 
10
 
31
18
 
 
0
 
30
15
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: mustseeindia.com

Located in the semi-arid Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh, Warangal has a predominantly hot and dry climate. Summers start in March, and peak in May with average high temperatures in the 42 °C (108 °F) range. The monsoon arrives in June and lasts until September with about 550 mm (22 in) of precipitation. A dry, mild winter starts in late November and lasts until early February, when there is little humidity and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range.

Civic Administration[edit]

Civic administration of city is maintained by Warangal Municipal Corporation which comprises three cities of Warangal, Hanamkonda and Kazipet. In July 1951 city was upgraded to Special Grade Municipality. Later in July 1960 it was upgraded to Selection Grade Municipality. On August 18, 1994 city was declared as municipal corporation.[6] Presently warangal municipal corporation limits up to 471.7 km2 after the agglomeration of 42 surrounding villages.[7] Planning agency of warangal, Kakatiya Urban Development of Authority was constituted in the year 1982 which overlooks the development of infrastructure and projects in the city.[8] Corporation implemented some pilot projects like Solid waste management programme which was lead by the commissioner for clean warangal. This campaign gone successful, which made other corporations to implement the same in their cities[9][10] City is divided into 53 political wards where each ward is represented by an area corporator.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the main economic activity in Warangal. Irrigation here mainly depends on monsoon and seasonal rainfalls. Major crops are paddy, cotton, mango and wheat. Warangal is benefited by Godavari lift irrigation scheme which is designed to lift water from river Godavari to irrigate drought prone areas in Telangana region.[11] City has got Asia's second biggest grain market located in enumamula.[12] Warangal can soon become a destination of Information Technology. Being second most important city of Telangana state, Warangal is attracting several investors. Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) which is located at NIT-Warangal is currently holding four I.T companies.[13] Incubation tower in madikonda is ready to make Warangal glow as an important IT destiny.[14]

Attractions[edit]

Bhadrakali Temple[edit]

Bhadrakali temple was built in the year 625A.D by the king Pulakesi-2 who belongs to chalukya dynasty.[15] This temple is located in heart of the city, approximately at a distance of 0.5 km from Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Hospital junction and 0.7 km from Kakatiya Medical College. Stone image of the goddess Bhadrakali with eight hands holding eight different weapons is the main remarkable feature of this temple. Lake bhadrakali with a radius of 2.5 km is an artificial water body near the temple surrounded with natural hills and rock formations which surely grabs the attention of every person who visits this place.[16] In regular days bhadrakali temple is visited by an average of 1000 devotees per day, but on Sundays and festival days the number goes beyond 50000.[17]

Warangal Fort[edit]

Warangal fort was built in the year 1199 A.D during the period of Ganapathi Deva and was completed in the year 1261 A.D by his daughter Rudrama Devi.[18] Huge stone gateways called Kakatiya Toranas are the main attractions in the fort. This fort is surrounded by a gigantic mud wall standing 20 feet tall which has two layers, the second layer is completely made up of granite. There are around 45 pillars which spread in area over 19 km of radius, these pillars are circled around a temple called Swayambhudevi Aalayam which means temple of Mother Earth.[19] Warangal fort is situated at a distance of 5 km from warangal railway station and around 16 km from kazipet railway station.[20]

Thousand Pillar Temple[edit]

Thousand pillar temple was built in the year 1163 A.D by Rudradeva who was a ruler from Kakatiya dynasty. This temple is in shape of star and contains three shrines dedicated to lord Shiva, lord vishnu and lord Surya. There is a rock carved Nandi which connects these three shrines. The sculptural beauty of this temple is a reminiscent of kakatiyan heritage. This temple is located in Hanamkonda at a distance of 6 km from warangal railway station and 9 km from Kazipet railway junction. Central bus station of Warangal which is located in Hanamkonda is at a distance of 2 km from Thousand pillar temple.[21]

Transport[edit]

Airway[edit]

Warangal has a domestic airport which was established in the year 1930 during Nizam period. All the exports and imports of Azam Jahi Mills, Warangal were done through this airport.[22] But currently no flights are operated from this airport. Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad is the nearest major airport to warangal which is at a distance of 140 km from the city.

Railway[edit]

  • Warangal is well connected to all major Indian cities. Warangal railway station and Kazipet junction are two major stations under south central railway Secunderabad division. Warangal railway station is located on Delhi-Vijayawada-Chennai route.
  • Kazipet railway station is located on Delhi-Kazipet-Secunderabad route. Kazipet junction acts as gateway between north and south India. Junction has a high traffic of more than 100 trains passing through it every day.[23]

Kazipet town, Vanchanagiri, Hasanparthy Road are the other railway stations in Warangal corporation limits.

Road[edit]

National Highway 202 under construction from Hyderabad to Bhopalpatnam in Chhattisgarh passes through Warangal. District bus station of warangal is located in Hanamkonda which connects warangal to other cities of Andhra pradesh. Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) runs number of buses from Warangal to distant locations like Bengaluru,Tirupati,Shirdi,Visakhapatnam,Rajahmundry,Guntur.[24] All ares in the city are well connected by local buses which operates in various routes.

Entertainment[edit]

Warangal has number of interesting places to visit. Many are with in the city limits while some are away from center of the city. World famous heritage sites of Warangal Fort,Thousand Pillar Temple and Warangal Bhadrakali Temple are inside the city premises. Other sites like Ramappa Temple, Laknavaram lake and Ghanpur group of temples are not too far away from city. They can be reached after travelling a distance of 70 km from warangal. Some other interesting destinations in the city are

  • Kakatiya Musical Garden
  • Mini zoo park (Vana vignan kendra)
  • Regional Science Center
  • Waddepally tank bund
  • Hanamkonda Public Garden
  • Kakatiya Museum.[25]

Cinema is another entertainment source, there are around 17 theaters present in the city . Modernisation completely changed the outlook of warangal with Shopping malls and Multiplexes. Reliance owned Big Cinemas is currently running 4 screens in the city. One more multiplex Asian Cinemas has launched with 3 screens.[26]

Education[edit]

There are several non-governmental organizations active in primary and secondary education in Warangal District.[citation needed]

Heritage status[edit]

On 28 February 2013, Warangal was accorded World Heritage place status by UNESCO.[28]

Tourism[edit]

Radio stations[edit]

  • AIR warangal 103.5FM[29]
  • RED 93.5FM[29]

Gallery[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Bathukamma, Diwali, Vijayadashami, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Moharram, Milad un Nabi, Christmas, Sri Rama Navami, Vinayaka Chaviti, Sammakka Saralamma Jatara, Sankranti and Ugadi are prominent festivals in Telangana. Other festivals of Hindus and Muslims such as Holi, Raksha Bandhan, Eid-ul-Fitr and Milad un Nai are celebrated throughout India. Bathukamma and Bonalu are regional festivals of Telangana.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/metropolitan/345-warangal.html
  2. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/city.php
  3. ^ "Warangal City". 
  4. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011". censusindia.gov.in. 
  5. ^ http://india.mapsofindia.com/top-10-cities/in-andhra-pradesh.html
  6. ^ http://ourwmc.com/
  7. ^ http://www.warangzp.appr.gov.in/hidden/-/asset_publisher/di5XrVERUf8s/content/warangal-municipal-limits-altered-with-inclusion-of-42-villages
  8. ^ http://kuda.in/profile.html
  9. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/drive-to-keep-warangal-clean/article3986954.ece
  10. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-tamilnadu/warangal-model-for-solid-waste-management/article4832289.ece
  11. ^ http://irrigation.cgg.gov.in/OngMaj/GodavariLiftIrrigationSchemeDetail.htm
  12. ^ http://www.indiagrowing.com/Telangana/Warangal/Hanamkonda/Enumamula
  13. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/stpiwarangal-woos-investors/article5647745.ece
  14. ^ http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/andhra_pradesh/article1516044.ece#.UzFl9BSaUn4
  15. ^ http://bhadrakalitemple.blogspot.in/p/history-of-temple.html
  16. ^ http://kuda.in/bhadrakali.aspx
  17. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-features/tp-districtplus/bhadrakali-temple-readies-for-navaratri/article2485472.ece
  18. ^ http://kuda.in/fortwarangal.aspx
  19. ^ http://incredibleap.com/ap-tour/warangal/tourist-places-warangal-fort.aspx
  20. ^ http://www.trawell.in/andhra/warangal
  21. ^ http://warangal.nic.in/tourism/pillars.htm
  22. ^ http://www.makemytrip.com/flights/warangal_airport-wgc-warangal.html
  23. ^ http://www.exploretelangana.com/kazipet-railway-station-100-years-old/
  24. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/new-bus-service-to-bangalore-from-hanamkonda/article2294846.ece
  25. ^ http://warangalcitycentre.com/warangal.html
  26. ^ http://ourwmc.com/CinemaHalls.aspx
  27. ^ KITS,Warangal
  28. ^ Name * (2013-02-28). "TV9 - Warangal accorded World Heritage city status by UNESCO - Telugu TVTelugu TV". Telugutv.au.com. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  29. ^ a b "FM Stations of india, list of Fm station in india @". Hindustanguide.com. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Wagoner, Phillip B.; Rice, John Henry (2001). "From Delhi to the Deccan: Newly Discovered Tughluq Monuments at Warangal-Sult̤ānpur and the Beginnings of Indo-Islamic Architecture in Southern India". Artibus Asiae 61 (1): 77–117. JSTOR 3249963.  (subscription required)

External links[edit]