Thousand Pillar Temple, Kakatiya Torana, Warangal Fort, Kakatiya University
|• Body||Municipal Corporation|
|• City||471.7 km2 (182.1 sq mi)|
|Elevation||302 m (991 ft)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||TS 03|
Warangal pronunciation (help·info); (also known as Orugallu and Ekasila Nagaram) is a city and district headquarters of Warangal district in Indian state of Telangana. Warangal is located 148 kilometres (92 mi) northeast of the state capital of Hyderabad and is the administrative headquarters of Warangal District. Warangal area is a combination of Warangal, Hanmakonda and Kazipet. Warangal is the second biggest city next to Hyderabad in Telangana.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (April 2013)|
Warangal was the capital of Kakatiya kingdom ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty from the 12th to the 14th centuries. The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including an impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake. The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. After the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years.
The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state of Hyderabad in 1724, which included the Telangana region and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Hyderabad was annexed to India in 1948, and became an Indian state. In 1956 Hyderabad was partitioned as part of the States Reorganization Act, and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state, which includes Warangal, became part of Telangana.
Geography and climate
Warangal is located at. It has an average elevation of 302 metres (990 feet).
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Located in the semi-arid region og Telangana, Warangal has a predominantly hot and dry climate. Summers start in March, and peak in May with average high temperatures in the 42 °C (108 °F) range. The monsoon arrives in June and lasts until September with about 550 mm (22 in) of precipitation. A dry, mild winter starts in late November and lasts until early February, when there is little humidity and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range.
According to 2011 census, warangal had a population of 7,59,594 of which 3,80,833 are males and 3,78,761 are females. 67,732 of population are under 6 years. Literacy rate of warangal is 82.56% which is higher than the nation's literacy rate of 74.04%. Total literates in warangal city are 5,71,229 of which 3,12,338 are males and 2,58,891 are females. Sex ratio of warangal is 995 per 1000 males and child sex ratio is 948 per 1000 boys.
Warangal is one of the Indian cities which has seen rapid growth of urbanization in 2011 census. This category is led by the cities such as Gandhinagar(35% to 43%) Warangal(19% to 28%) Kozhikode(38% to 67%) Krishna(32% to 41%). Warangal municipal corporation area is the Second biggest agglomeration which spreads around 471.7 km2 in Telangana next to Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation.
Civic administration of city is maintained by Warangal Municipal Corporation, which comprises three cities of Warangal, Hanamkonda and Kazipet. In July 1951 city was upgraded to Special Grade Municipality. Later in July 1960 it was upgraded to Selection Grade Municipality. On August 18, 1994 city was declared as municipal corporation. Presently warangal municipal corporation limits up to 471.7 km2 after the agglomeration of 42 surrounding villages. Planning agency of warangal, Kakatiya Urban Development of Authority was constituted in the year 1982, which overlooks the development of infrastructure and projects in the city. Corporation implemented some pilot projects like Solid waste management programme which was lead by the commissioner for clean Warangal. This campaign gone successful, which made other corporations to implement the same in their cities City is divided into 53 political wards where each ward is represented by an area corporator.
Agriculture is the main economic activity in Warangal. Irrigation here mainly depends on monsoon and seasonal rainfalls. Major crops are paddy, cotton, mango and wheat. Warangal is benefited by Godavari lift irrigation scheme which is designed to lift water from river Godavari to irrigate drought prone areas in Telangana region. City has got Asia's second biggest grain market located in enumamula. Warangal can soon become a destination of Information Technology. Being second most important city of Telangana state, Warangal is attracting several investors. Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) which is located at NIT-Warangal is currently holding four I.T companies. Incubation tower in madikonda is ready to make Warangal glow as an important IT destiny.
Warangal has a domestic airport which was established in the year 1930 during Nizam period. All the exports and imports of Azam Jahi Mills, Warangal were done through this airport. Currently, no flights are operated from this airport. Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad is the nearest major airport to Warangal which is at a distance of 140 km from the city.
- Warangal is well connected to all major Indian cities. Warangal railway station and Kazipet junction are two major stations under south central railway Secunderabad division. Warangal railway station is located on Delhi-Vijayawada-Chennai route.
- Kazipet railway station is located on Delhi-Kazipet-Secunderabad route. Kazipet junction acts as gateway between north and south India. Junction has a high traffic of more than 100 trains passing through it every day.
Kazipet town, Vanchanagiri, Hasanparthy Road are the other railway stations in Warangal corporation limits.
National Highway 202 under construction from Hyderabad to Bhopalpatnam in Chhattisgarh passes through Warangal. District bus station of Warangal is located in Hanamkonda which connects warangal to other cities of Telangana. Telangana State Road Transport Corporation (TGSRTC) runs number of buses from Warangal to distant locations like Bengaluru, Tirupati, Shirdi, Visakhapatnam, Rajahmundry, Guntur. All ares in the city are well connected by local buses which operates in various routes.
Warangal city consists of several major institutions like National Institute of Technology, Warangal, Kakatiya University, Kakatiya Medical College, Kakatiya Institute of Technology and Science, Arts and Science college. In the year 1959 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru laid the foundation stone for NIT-Warangal. Now among the 30 NIT's present in India, National Institute of Technology-Warangal stands in top most position followed by NIT-Tiruchirapalli and NIT-Suratkal. Kakatiya University is the next top institution in the city which was established in the year 1976 in huge area of 650 acres. The only government medical college in the city is Kakatiya Medical College, which is one of the 10 government medical colleges situated in Telangana is affiliated to kakatiya university. There are around 30 engineering colleges present in warangal, 14 out of 30 are located inside the corporation premises while rest are away from the city. Warangal holds number of primary schools. Delhi Public School, Warangal Public School, Sparkrill International, Greenwood Institutions, Rao's My techno school are some of the famous primary institutions in the city.
- Bhadrakali Temple was built in 625 CE by King Pulakesi II of the Chalukya dynasty. It lies in heart of the city. Stone image of the goddess Bhadrakali with eight hands holding eight different weapons is the main remarkable feature of this temple. Lake Bhadrakali with a radius of 2.5 km is an artificial water body near the temple surrounded with natural hills and rock formations. The temple is visited by an average of 1,000 devotees per day, but on Sundays and festival days the number goes beyond 50,000.
- Construction of Warangal Fort began in 1199 CE during the period of Ganapathi Deva and was completed in 1261 A.D by his daughter Rudrama Devi. Huge stone gateways called Kakatiya Toranas are the main attractions in the fort. This fort is surrounded by a gigantic mud wall standing 20 feet tall which has two layers, the second layer is completely made up of granite. There are around 45 pillars which spread in area over 19 km of radius, these pillars are circled around a temple called Swayambhudevi Aalayam which means temple of Mother Earth.
- Thousand Pillar Temple dates from 1163 CE and was constructed under the orders of Rudradeva of the Kakatiya dynasty. This temple is in shape of star and contains three shrines dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu and Surya. There is a rock carved Nandi which connects these three shrines. The sculptural beauty of this temple is a reminiscent of Kakatiyan heritage. This temple is located in Hanamakonda, 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from Warangal railway station.
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