|City and District HQ|
Kirti torana of Kakatiya Dynasty
|Elevation||302 m (991 ft)|
|• Total||759,594 UA with
620,116 in city MC
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||AP 36|
Warangal ( pronunciation (help·info); also known as Orugallu, and Ekasila Nagaram) is a city  and district headquarters of Warangal district in Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Warangal is located 148 kilometres (92 mi) northeast of the state capital of Hyderabad and is the administrative headquarters of Warangal District. Warangal area is a combination of: Warangal, Hanmakonda and Kazipet.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (April 2013)|
Warangal was the capital of Kakatiya kingdom ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty from the 12th to the 14th centuries. The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including an impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake. The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. After the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years.
The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state of Hyderabad in 1724 which included the Telangana region and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Hyderabad was annexed to India in 1948, and became an Indian state. In 1956 Hyderabad was partitioned as part of the States Reorganization Act, and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state which includes Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh.
Geography and climate
Warangal is located at. It has an average elevation of 302 metres (990 feet).
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Located in the semi-arid Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh, Warangal has a predominantly hot and dry climate. Summers start in March, and peak in May with average high temperatures in the 42 °C (108 °F) range. The monsoon arrives in June and lasts until September with about 550 mm (22 in) of precipitation. A dry, mild winter starts in late November and lasts until early February, when there is little humidity and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range.
The nearest international airport is Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad located 160 km away from Warangal.
It also has got a local runway at Mamnoor for private jets and cargoes, which is a few kilometers away from Warangal.
Warangal is connected to many major cities of India by rail. It is part of the South Central Railway zone of Indian Railways. Kazipet railway station in Kazipet, about 13 km from Warangal is a major railway junction on the Hyderabad-New Delhi-Vijayawada-Chennai-Kolkata route. Warangal's own railway station is located on the Hyderabad-Vijayawada-Chennai-Kolkata route.
There are two major bus stations, in Warangal and in Hanamakonda.
- National Institute of Technology, Warangal (formerly known as Regional Engineering college)
- Kakatiya University
- Kakatiya Medical College
- Kakatiya Institute of Technology and Science (KITS)
- SR Engineering College
- St. Gabriel's High School
- St. Ann's High School
- All Saints High School
- Oasis Public School
- Warangal public school
There are several non-governmental organizations active in primary and secondary education in Warangal District.
- Thousand Pillar Temple
- Bhadrakali Temple
- Warangal fort
- Ramappa Temple
- Pakala Cheruvu
- Laknavaram Lake
- Sammakka Sarakka Jatara
- Eturagaram Wild Life Senctuary
- Ghanpur group of temples
Bathukamma, Diwali, Vijayadashami, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Moharram, Milad un Nabi, Christmas, Sri Rama Navami, Vinayaka Chaviti, Sammakka Saralamma Jatara, Sankranti and Ugadi are prominent festivals in Telangana. Other festivals of Hindus and Muslims such as Holi, Raksha Bandhan, Eid-ul-Fitr and Milad un Nai are celebrated throughout India. Bathukamma and Bonalu are regional festivals of Telangana.
- "Warangal City".
- "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011". censusindia.gov.in.
- Name * (2013-02-28). "TV9 - Warangal accorded World Heritage city status by UNESCO - Telugu TVTelugu TV". Telugutv.au.com. Retrieved 2013-03-08.
- "FM Stations of india, list of Fm station in india @". Hindustanguide.com. Retrieved 2013-03-08.
- Wagoner, Phillip B.; Rice, John Henry (2001). "From Delhi to the Deccan: Newly Discovered Tughluq Monuments at Warangal-Sult̤ānpur and the Beginnings of Indo-Islamic Architecture in Southern India". Artibus Asiae 61 (1): 77–117. JSTOR 3249963. (subscription required)
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