Warangal

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Warangal district.
Warangal
వరంగల్
Orugallu
Ekasila Nagaram
Metropolis
Thousand Pillar Temple, Kakatiya Torana, Warangal Fort, Kakatiya University
Thousand Pillar Temple, Kakatiya Torana, Warangal Fort, Kakatiya University
Warangal is located in Telangana
Warangal
Warangal
Coordinates: 18°00′N 79°35′E / 18.0°N 79.58°E / 18.0; 79.58Coordinates: 18°00′N 79°35′E / 18.0°N 79.58°E / 18.0; 79.58
Country India
State Telangana
Region Deccan
District Warangal
Named for Heritage
Government
 • Body Municipal Corporation
Area
 • Metropolis 471.7 km2 (182.1 sq mi)
Elevation 302 m (991 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Metropolis 6,20,116
 • Rank 02,Telangana
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
 • Metro[2] 7,59,594
Demonym Warangalite
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration TS–03[3]
Website www.ourwmc.com
Sunset at Bhadrakali Lake
Carved pillar at Thousand Pillar Temple

Warangal About this sound pronunciation ; (also known as Orugallu and Ekasila Nagaram)[4] is a city[5] and district headquarters of Warangal district in the Indian state of Telangana.[6] Warangal is located 148 kilometres (92 mi) northeast of the state capital of Hyderabad and is the administrative headquarters of Warangal District. Warangal area is a combination of Warangal, Hanmakonda and Kazipet. Warangal is the second-biggest city after Hyderabad in Telangana.[7] It is well known for heritage and has been included in the scheme of Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) along with eleven other cities of the country.[8] It is also selected in the finalized list of 100 proposed smart cities by NDA government with the view of developing urban infrastructure and industrial investment in the listed cities.[9]

History[edit]

Warangal was the capital of the Kakatiya dynasty from the 12th to the 14th centuries CE. The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including an impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake. The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. After the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years.[citation needed]

The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state of Hyderabad in 1724, which included the Telangana region and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Hyderabad was annexed to India in 1948, and became an Indian state. In 1956 Hyderabad was partitioned as part of the States Reorganization Act, and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state, which includes Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh.

Entrance view of Warangal Railway Station

Geography and climate[edit]

Warangal is located at 18°00′N 79°35′E / 18.0°N 79.58°E / 18.0; 79.58. It has an average elevation of 302 metres (990 feet).

Warangal
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
15
 
30
16
 
 
5
 
33
18
 
 
5
 
37
22
 
 
7
 
40
26
 
 
15
 
42
28
 
 
50
 
37
28
 
 
85
 
32
25
 
 
170
 
31
25
 
 
160
 
33
23
 
 
70
 
33
22
 
 
10
 
31
18
 
 
0
 
30
15
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: mustseeindia.com

Located in the semi-arid region of Telangana, Warangal has a predominantly hot and dry climate. Summer starts in March, and peak in May with average high temperatures in the 42 °C (108 °F) range. The monsoon arrives in June and lasts until September with about 550 mm (22 in) of precipitation. A dry, mild winter starts in october and lasts until early February, when there is little humidity and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range.

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, warangal had a population of 7,59,594 of which 3,80,833 are males and 3,78,761 are females. 67,732 of population are under 6 years. Literacy rate of warangal is 82.56% which is higher than the nation's literacy rate of 74.04%. Total literates in warangal city are 5,71,229 of which 3,12,338 are males and 2,58,891 are females. Sex ratio of warangal is 995 per 1000 males and child sex ratio is 948 per 1000 boys.[10]

Civic administration[edit]

Civic administration is the responsibility of Warangal Municipal Corporation, which oversees the three cities of Warangal, Hanamkonda and Kazipet. In July 1951 the city was upgraded to Special Grade Municipality status. Later, in July 1960, it was upgraded to Selection Grade Municipality. On 18 August 1994, the city was declared a municipal corporation.[11] Presently, the Corporation controls 471.7 square km2 after the agglomeration of 42 surrounding villages.[12]

City planning is governed by Kakatiya Urban Development Authority, which was constituted in 1982. It oversees development of infrastructure and other projects in the city.[13]

The Corporation implemented some pilot projects, such as the Solid Waste Management programme, that were so successful that other corporations have since implemented them.[14][15] The city is divided into 53 political wards where each ward is represented by an area corporator.

Economy[edit]

Warangal Municipal Corporation (WMC)

According to the 2011 census of India, Warangal is one of the Indian cities that has seen rapid growth of urbanisation. This category is led by cities such as Gandhinagar (35% to 43%), Warangal (19% to 28%), Kozhikode (38% to 67%) and Krishna (32% to 41%).[16]

Agriculture is the main economic activity in Warangal. Irrigation depends mainly on monsoon and seasonal rainfalls. Major crops are paddy, cotton, mango and wheat. Warangal benefits from the Godavari lift irrigation scheme which is designed to lift water from the Godavari river to irrigate drought prone areas in the Telangana region.[17]

The city hosts Asia's second-biggest grain market, located in Enumamula.[18] It is also attracting investors in information technology.[19] The incubation tower at Madikonda is likely to play a significant role in this development also.[20]

Pylon[edit]

The Pylon of Mission Kakatiya[21] to be establish in warangal with an height of 20 feet.[22]

Transport[edit]

Airway[edit]

Warangal had a domestic airport which was established in 1930.[citation needed] Currently, no flights are operated from this airport. Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad is the nearest major airport and is 164 kilometres (102 mi) from the city.

Railway[edit]

Konark Express in Kazipet Junction

Warangal railway station and Kazipet junction are two major stations under south central railway Secunderabad division. Warangal railway station is located on Delhi-Vijayawada-Chennai route. Kazipet railway station is located on Delhi-Kazipet-Secunderabad route. Kazipet junction acts as gateway between north and south India. Junction has a high traffic of more than 100 trains passing through it every day.[23] Kazipet town, Vanchanagiri, Hasanparthy Road are the other railway stations in Warangal Corporation limits.

Road[edit]

Traffic on warangal roads

National Highway 163 (old 202) under construction from Hyderabad to Bhopalpatnam in Chhattisgarh passes through Warangal.

The district bus station is located in Hanamkonda, connecting Warangal to other cities of Telangana. Telangana State Road Transport Corporation (TGSRTC) runs number of buses from Warangal to distant locations like Bengaluru, Tirupati, Shirdi, Visakhapatnam, Rajahmundry, Vijayawada.[24]

Education[edit]

view of NIT warangal

Warangal has several major educational institutions, including National Institute of Technology, Warangal, Kakatiya University, Kakatiya Medical College and Kakatiya Institute of Technology and Science.[25]

Tourism[edit]

On 28 February 2013, Warangal was accorded World Heritage place status by UNESCO.[26]

  • Bhadrakali Temple was built in 625 CE by King Pulakesi II of the Chalukya dynasty.[citation needed] It lies in heart of the city. Stone image of the goddess Bhadrakali with eight hands holding eight different weapons is the main remarkable feature of this temple. Lake Bhadrakali with a radius of 2.5 km is an artificial water body near the temple surrounded with natural hills and rock formations.[27] The temple is visited by an average of 1,000 devotees per day, but on Sundays and festival days the number goes beyond 50,000.[28]
  • Construction of Warangal Fort began in 1199 CE during the period of Ganapathi Deva and was completed in 1261 A.D by his daughter Rudrama Devi.[29] Huge stone gateways called Kakatiya Toranas are the main attractions in the fort. This fort is surrounded by a gigantic mud wall standing 20 feet tall which has two layers, the second layer is completely made up of granite. There are around 45 pillars which spread in area over 19 km of radius, these pillars are circled around a temple called Swayambhudevi Aalayam which means temple of Mother Earth.[30]
  • Thousand Pillar Temple dates from 1163 CE and was constructed under the orders of Rudradeva of the Kakatiya dynasty. This temple is in shape of star and contains three shrines dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu and Surya. There is a rock carved Nandi which connects these three shrines. The sculptural beauty of this temple is a reminiscent of Kakatiyan heritage. This temple is located in Hanamakonda, 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from Warangal railway station.[31]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Warangal Population 2011 Census". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  2. ^ http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_3_PR_UA_Citiees_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf
  3. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "Photo Gallery 187". YatraSalah.com. p. 74. Retrieved 27 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "Warangal City". 
  6. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011". censusindia.gov.in. 
  7. ^ "Top 10 Telangana". India.mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  8. ^ http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/telangana/Warangal-Gets-Heritage-Push-with-Hriday-Touch/2014/12/20/article2580031.ece
  9. ^ http://www.aptoday.com/newsnpolitics/5-in-telangana-amp-only-4-smart-cities-in-ap/3138/
  10. ^ "Warangal City Population Census 2011 | Andhra Pradesh". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  11. ^ "Welcome to Warangal Municipal Corporation". Ourwmc.com. 18 August 1994. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  12. ^ "Warangal Municipal limits altered with inclusion of 42 villages - hidden - National Panchayat Portal". Warangzp.appr.gov.in. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  13. ^ "Kakatiy Urban Development Au". Kuda.in. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  14. ^ Special Correspondent (11 October 2012). "Drive to keep Warangal clean". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  15. ^ "Warangal model for solid waste management". The Hindu. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  16. ^ "High growth North yet to match spatial spread of South, West". The Indian Express. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  17. ^ "Detailed Profile Of The Project". Irrigation.cgg.gov.in. 23 May 2003. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  18. ^ "Enumamula Village, Hanamkonda Mandal, Warangal". India Growing. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  19. ^ Special Correspondent (3 February 2014). "STPI-Warangal woos investors". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  20. ^ /article1516044.ece#.UzFl9BSaUn4 "Warangal has good scope to be IT hub: Ponnala". The New Indian Express. 25 March 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  21. ^ http://www.telanganastateofficial.com/mission-kakatiya-renovation-of-riversponds-telanganastate/
  22. ^ http://www.telanganastateofficial.com/pylon-come-warangal-city-missionkakatiya/
  23. ^ "Kazipet Railway Station – More than 100 years old | Telangana TourismTelangana Tourism". Exploretelangana.com. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  24. ^ "New bus service to Bangalore from Hanamkonda". The Hindu. 26 July 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  25. ^ "Colleges in Warangal - Top & Best Colleges in Warangal, List of Educational Institutes in Warangal". Highereducationinindia.com. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  26. ^ Name * (28 February 2013). "TV9 - Warangal accorded World Heritage city status by UNESCO - Telugu TVTelugu TV". Telugutv.au.com. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  27. ^ "Bhadrakali Temple". Kuda.in. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  28. ^ Gollapudi Srinivasa Rao (26 September 2011). "Bhadrakali temple readies for Navaratri". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  29. ^ "Fort WArangal". Kuda.in. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  30. ^ SPD: incredibleap.com. "Warangal Tourism, Tourism in ap, Tourism in Telangana, Temple, Railway Reservation, Railway time table, Bus Reservation, Pilgrims,Tourism in vijayawada, Tourism in vizag, Tourism in hyderarad, shamshabad airport, Famous Temples in Telangana. Resorts in Hyderabad.::". Incredibleap.com. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  31. ^ "Thousand Pillars". Warangal.nic.in. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Wagoner, Phillip B.; Rice, John Henry (2001). "From Delhi to the Deccan: Newly Discovered Tughluq Monuments at Warangal-Sult̤ānpur and the Beginnings of Indo-Islamic Architecture in Southern India". Artibus Asiae 61 (1): 77–117. JSTOR 3249963.  (subscription required)

External links[edit]