Warangal

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Warangal district.
Warangal
వరంగల్
وارنگل

Orugallu
Ekasila Nagaram
Metropolis
Thousand Pillar Temple, Kakatiya Torana, Warangal Fort, Kakatiya University
Thousand Pillar Temple, Kakatiya Torana, Warangal Fort, Kakatiya University
Warangal is located in Telangana
Warangal
Warangal
Coordinates: 18°00′N 79°35′E / 18.0°N 79.58°E / 18.0; 79.58Coordinates: 18°00′N 79°35′E / 18.0°N 79.58°E / 18.0; 79.58
Country India
State Telangana
Region Deccan
District Warangal
Named for Heritage
Government
 • Body Greater Warangal Municipal Corporation(GWMC)
Area[1]
 • Total 406.87 km2 (157.09 sq mi)
Area rank 2
Elevation 302 m (991 ft)
Population (2015)[1]
 • Total 9,48,594
 • Rank 2
 • Density 2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
Demonym Warangalite
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration TS–03[2]
Website www.ourwmc.com
Sunset at Bhadrakali Lake
Carved pillar at Thousand Pillar Temple

Warangal About this sound pronunciation ; (also known as Orugallu and Ekasila Nagaram)[3] is a city and district headquarters of Warangal district in the Indian state of Telangana.[4] Warangal is located at 148 kilometres (92 mi) towards northeast of the state capital of Hyderabad and is the administrative headquarters of Warangal District. Warangal city is cluster of Warangal, Hanmakonda and Kazipet areas. It is the second-biggest city after Hyderabad in Telangana.[5] It is well known for heritage and has been included in the scheme of Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) along with eleven other cities of the country[6] and also selected in the finalized list of 100 proposed smart cities by NDA government with the view of developing urban infrastructure and industrial investment in the listed cities.[7]

Warangal is the fastest growing city in Telangana state. Its population is about to exceed 1 million, considering the growth of city and its historical significance, warangal is tagged as the second Metropolitan city next to Hyderabad after issuing the Government Order no.40, according Greater status to Warangal Municipal Corporation.[8][9]

Etymology[edit]

"Oru" terms the word 'single', "Kallu" is referred as a 'stone'. The word "Orugallu" synonyms, one rock, which describes the city was carved out of a single large stone. The word "Ekashilanagaram" is other way of describing the name Orugallu which literally means same as "City Carved Out of Single Stone", used very commonly in the period of kakatiyan empire. As the time went on, orugallu was changed to "Warangallu" and finally settled as Warangal.[10] It is also nick named as Tri-City, as warangal is the combination of Warangal, Hanamkonda and Kazipet sub urbans areas. While referring to the historical monuments in the city, it is termed as "Kakatiyula Nagaram" as it was the capital city of Kakatiya kingdom.

History[edit]

Warangal was the capital of Kakatiya dynasty from the 12th to the 14th centuries CE. Kakatiyas left many monuments, including an impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake. The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. After the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years.[citation needed]

The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state of Hyderabad in 1724, which included the Telangana region and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Hyderabad was annexed to India in 1948, and became an Indian state. In 1956 Hyderabad was partitioned as part of the States Reorganization Act, and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state, which includes Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh.

Entrance view of Warangal Railway Station

Geography and climate[edit]

Warangal is located at 18°00′N 79°35′E / 18.0°N 79.58°E / 18.0; 79.58. It has an average elevation of 302 metres (990 feet).

Warangal
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
15
 
 
30
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5
 
 
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33
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30
15
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: mustseeindia.com

It is settled in the eastern part of Deccan Plateau made up of granite rocks and hill formations[11] which left the region barren making the cultivation depend on seasonal rainfalls. There are no river flows nearby warangal, which makes it to rely on Kakatiya Canal which originates from Sriram Sagar Project to meet the drinking water requirements.[12][13] Located in the semi-arid region of Telangana, Warangal has a predominantly hot and dry climate. Summer starts in March, and peak in May with average high temperatures in the 42 °C (108 °F) range. The monsoon arrives in June and lasts until September with about 550 mm (22 in) of precipitation. A dry, mild winter starts in october and lasts until early February, when there is little humidity and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range. Many hill rocks and lakes are settled around warangal. Padmakshi hill and Govinda Rajula Gutta are two famous hills with temples.[14][15] Bhadrakali and Waddepally are the two famous lakes which adds scenic beauty and also are the major sources of drinking water.[16]

Demographics[edit]

According to 2014 census, warangal has a population of 9,48,594 of which 4,80,833 are males and 4,78,761 are females. 67,732 of population are under 6 years. Literacy rate of warangal is 82.56% which is higher than the nation's literacy rate of 74.04%. Total literates in warangal city are 7,71,229 of which 4,12,338 are males and 3,58,891 are females. Sex ratio of warangal is 995 per 1000 males and child sex ratio is 948 per 1000 boys.[17] Metropolitan City of Warangal has a population of 9,48,594.

Administration[edit]

Greater Warangal Municipal Corporation[edit]

Civic administration is the responsibility of Greater Warangal Municipal Corporation (GWMC), which oversees the three cities of Warangal, Hanamkonda and Kazipet. In July 1951 the city was upgraded to Special Grade Municipality status. Later, in July 1960, it was upgraded to Selection Grade Municipality. On 18 August 1994, the city was declared a municipal corporation.[18] On 28 January 2015, city was upgraded to Greater Municipal Corporation by the state government of Telangana[19] Presently, the Greater Municipal Corporation is spread over 407.71 square km2.[20] City planning is governed by Kakatiya Urban Development Authority, which was constituted in 1982. It oversees development of infrastructure and other projects in the city.[21] The Corporation implemented some pilot projects, such as the Solid Waste Management programme, that were so successful that other corporations have since implemented them.[22][23] The city is divided into 58 political wards where each ward is represented by an area corporator.

Law and Order[edit]

Warangal Police Commissionerate is the third commissionerate formed in the state of Telangana after Hyderabad and Cyberabad. The urban police district, which is responsible for maintaining law and order in city and agglomerated areas around warangal is converted into Police commissionerate by the state government.[24][25] Inspector General will be working as police commissionear who is also given magisterial powers. There are around 19 police stations present under warangal commissionerate.[26]

Health Care[edit]

Warangal is famous for hospitals in north telangana region. Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Hospital a 1200-bed hospital sprawling over an area of 13 acres is the largest hospital, serving patients from the city and neighbouring districts of Khammam and Karimnagar.[27] Considering the better infrastructure and resources available, first health university of telangana named Dr.Kaloji University of Health Sciences was established in warangal which is currently functioning from the premises of Kakatiya Medical College.[28] Apart from major government hospitals like Maternity Hospital, Government Chest TB Hospital, Mahatma Gandhi Memorial, there are many private super speciality hospitals. Vijaya talkies lane in the city is famously known as hospital clustered area having large number of private hospitals.[29]

Economy[edit]

Warangal Municipal Corporation (WMC)

According to the 2011 census of India, Warangal is one of the Indian cities that has seen rapid growth of urbanisation. This category is led by cities such as Gandhinagar (35% to 43%), Warangal (19% to 28%), Kozhikode (38% to 67%) and Krishna (32% to 41%).[30]

Agriculture is the main economic activity with irrigation depending mainly on monsoon and seasonal rainfalls. Major crops are paddy, cotton, mango and wheat. Warangal benefits from the Godavari lift irrigation scheme which is designed to lift water from the Godavari river to irrigate drought prone areas in the Telangana region.[31]

The city hosts Asia's second-biggest grain market, located in Enumamula.[32] It is also attracting investors in information technology.[33] The incubation tower at Madikonda is likely to play a significant role in this development.[34]

Transport[edit]

Airway[edit]

Warangal had a domestic airport which was established in 1930.[35] Currently, no flights are operated from this airport. Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad is the nearest major airport and is 164 kilometres (102 mi) from the city.

Railway[edit]

Konark Express in Kazipet Junction

Indian Railways connects Warangal with all other Indian cities. Kazipet railway station and Warangal railway station are two major stations which falls under south central railway Secunderabad division. Kazipet Junction is located on Delhi-Nagpur-Kazipet-Secunderabad route. It is one of the biggest railway junctions in India, acting as a gateway between north and south India having a high traffic of 147 trains passing through it every day.[36] Kazipet Junction shelters both Electric and Diesel Loco sheds with a capacity of holding 175 and 142 locos[37][38]
Warangal railway station is located on Delhi-Nagpur-Vijayawada-Chennai route at a distance of 14 kilometres (9 mi) from Kazipet Junction. It is administrated by South Central Railway zone. Kazipet town, Vanchanagiri, Hasanparthy Road are the other railway stations within Warangal city limits.

Road[edit]

Traffic on warangal Roads

National Highway 163 connecting Hyderabad in Telangana and Bhopalpatnam in Chattisgarh passes through warangal. Central bus terminal is located in Hanamkonda, connects warangal with neighbouring cities of Hyderabad, Karimnagar, Khammam and distant cities of Nizamabad, Adilabad, Guntur, Nellore, Tirupati, Rajahmundry, Visakhapatnam, Raichur, Nanded, Shirdi, Bengaluru.[39] Along with Garuda, Indra, Super luxury and Express Bus services, ordinary services to neighbouring towns and villages are operated by Telangana State Road Transport Corporation (TSRTC). City buses runs in various routes across the city and sub urban areas.[40] City ordinary, city merupu are the main local services used by the people and are the cheapest mode of transportation. There are 3 bus depots located in heart of the city.

Education[edit]

view of NIT warangal

Warangal is considered as educational hub in Telangana, there are number of primary and higher schools located in the city. In addition to government institutions there are private institutions, missionary schools and colleges.
Kakatiya University is a major and the oldest university of warangal affiliating 471 colleges under it providing various streams in the courses of engineering, medicine, commerce, business management.[41] NIT Warangal, formerly known as Regional Engineering College is another top most institution in the city[42] it is also one of the famous engineering colleges of India.
Kakatiya Medical College is a government medical college founded in the year 1959 making it the oldest medical college in warangal graduating 200 students per year. Dr Kaloji University of Health Sciences is the first Health university of the state setup in the year 2014 with the view of taking warangal to a new level in the field of education.[28]

Culture[edit]

City has a diverse culture with different religions and their respected traditions. Major proportion of city population are Hindus followed by Muslims, Christians, Sikhs and Jains. Dussera, Sankranthi, Ugadi, Ramzan, Christmas and Diwali are the famous festivals celebrated by the people.[43] Telugu and Hindi are major languages spoken by the city people, how ever english is also widely used for communication purpose. Warangal has a mix of urban, rural and cosmopolitan lifestyles.

Bathukamma[edit]

Bathukamma is a floral festival celebrated by women of warangal, worshipping the goddess with different flowers for nine days.[44] Though the festival is celebrated all over the state, it is famously known as major festival of warangal. After arranging different flowers in attractive manner which are available in the season, women carry their "Bathukamma" to nearest temple in their locality, after crowd gatherings they clap, sing and dance rhythmically around the Bathukamma.[45] Along with Bonalu, bathukamma is declared as state festival on 15 june 2014.[46]

Cuisine[edit]

South Indian dishes includes Dosha, Vada, Puri, Idly are common breakfast items. Rice with variety of curries including curd is taken as main food. "Biryani" is a famous delicious food item which is served in all hotels, biryani available in the hotels of old city area of mandi bazar is very famous for its taste. Special food items Harees and Haleem are traditional food items available in the season of Ramzan.[47]

Tourism[edit]

On 28 February 2013, Warangal was accorded World Heritage place status by UNESCO.[48]

  • Bhadrakali Temple was built in 625 CE by King Pulakesi II of the Chalukya dynasty.[citation needed] It lies in heart of the city. Stone image of the goddess Bhadrakali with eight hands holding eight different weapons is the main remarkable feature of this temple. Lake Bhadrakali with a radius of 2.5 km is an artificial water body near the temple surrounded with natural hills and rock formations.[49] The temple is visited by an average of 1,000 devotees per day, but on Sundays and festival days the number goes beyond 50,000.[50]
  • Construction of Warangal Fort began in 1199 CE during the period of Ganapathi Deva and was completed in 1261 A.D by his daughter Rudrama Devi.[51] Huge stone gateways called Kakatiya Toranas are the main attractions in the fort. This fort is surrounded by a gigantic mud wall standing 20 feet tall which has two layers, the second layer is completely made up of granite. There are around 45 pillars which spread in area over 19 km of radius, these pillars are circled around a temple called Swayambhudevi Aalayam which means temple of Mother Earth.[52]
  • Thousand Pillar Temple dates from 1163 CE and was constructed under the orders of Rudradeva of the Kakatiya dynasty. This temple is in shape of star and contains three shrines dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu and Surya. There is a rock carved Nandi which connects these three shrines. The sculptural beauty of this temple is a reminiscent of Kakatiyan heritage. This temple is located in Hanamakonda, 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from Warangal railway station.[53]

Warangal Tourist Places[edit]

Warangal is well connected by rail from Hyderabad, New Delhi, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam and Chennai. The city represents a cluster of three towns such as Warangal, Kazipet and Hanamkonda. The city is famous for many attractions. Warangal Tourist Places Information

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Warangal Municipal Corporation, Budget 2014-15" (PDF). Greater Warangal Municipal Corporation. p. 2. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Photo Gallery 187". YatraSalah.com. p. 74. Retrieved 27 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011". censusindia.gov.in. 
  5. ^ "Top 10 Telangana". India.mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  6. ^ http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/telangana/Warangal-Gets-Heritage-Push-with-Hriday-Touch/2014/12/20/article2580031.ece
  7. ^ http://www.aptoday.com/newsnpolitics/5-in-telangana-amp-only-4-smart-cities-in-ap/3138/
  8. ^ http://www.teachersbadi.in/2015/01/go40-wmc-declared-as-greater-warangal.html
  9. ^ http://www.deccanchronicle.com/150129/nation-current-affairs/article/%E2%80%98greater%E2%80%99-tag-warangal-corporation
  10. ^ http://www.warangalcity.in/home_hiswgl.html
  11. ^ http://www.tourism-of-india.com/deccan-plateau.html
  12. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/three-towns-in-the-grip-of-water-crisis/article315842.ece
  13. ^ http://www.nih.ernet.in/rbis/india_information/drinking.htm
  14. ^ http://www.myhappyjourney.com/attraction/22/Govindarajula-Gutta
  15. ^ http://www.padmakshi.org/about
  16. ^ http://www.academia.edu/2365607/Lake_Water_Quality_and_its_Interaction_with_Aquifers_in_Warangal_City
  17. ^ "Warangal City Population Census 2011 | Andhra Pradesh". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  18. ^ "Welcome to Warangal Municipal Corporation". Ourwmc.com. 18 August 1994. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  19. ^ http://www.telanganastateinfo.com/greater-warangal-municipal-corporation-formed/
  20. ^ "Warangal Municipal limits altered with inclusion of 42 villages - hidden - National Panchayat Portal". Warangzp.appr.gov.in. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  21. ^ "Kakatiy Urban Development Au". Kuda.in. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  22. ^ Special Correspondent (11 October 2012). "Drive to keep Warangal clean". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  23. ^ "Warangal model for solid waste management". The Hindu. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  24. ^ http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/telangana/Warangal-to-Get-Police-Commissionerate/2015/01/26/article2637204.ece
  25. ^ http://www.sakshi.com/news/telangana/warangal-the-police-commissionerate-206818?pfrom=home-news-arround-reg
  26. ^ http://warangalpolice.gov.in/JurPS.aspx
  27. ^ https://www.sehat.com/mgm-mahatma-gandhi-memorial-hospitals-warangal
  28. ^ a b http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/Kaloji-health-varsity-VC-takes-charge/articleshow/43665262.cms
  29. ^ http://www.deccanchronicle.com/141029/nation-current-affairs/article/biomedical-wastes-pose-threat-lives
  30. ^ "High growth North yet to match spatial spread of South, West". The Indian Express. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  31. ^ "Detailed Profile Of The Project". Irrigation.cgg.gov.in. 23 May 2003. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  32. ^ "Enumamula Village, Hanamkonda Mandal, Warangal". India Growing. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  33. ^ Special Correspondent (3 February 2014). "STPI-Warangal woos investors". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  34. ^ /article1516044.ece#.UzFl9BSaUn4 "Warangal has good scope to be IT hub: Ponnala". The New Indian Express. 25 March 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  35. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/Nizam-era-airport-lies-neglected/articleshow/9402208.cms
  36. ^ http://www.karimnzp.appr.gov.in/en/hidden/-/asset_publisher/di5XrVERUf8s/content/transport-information/
  37. ^ http://www.scr.indianrailways.gov.in/view_section.jsp?id=0,1,291,357,950,952
  38. ^ http://www.scr.indianrailways.gov.in/view_section.jsp?lang=0&id=0,1,291,357,950,951
  39. ^ http://www.onefivenine.com/india/BusStation/Hanmakonda
  40. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/Guntur-still-awaits-city-RTC-services/articleshow/43761506.cms
  41. ^ http://kakatiya.ac.in/aboutus
  42. ^ http://www.nitw.ac.in/nitw/
  43. ^ http://www.indyatour.com/india/andhra-pradesh/tour-spots/warangal-district-and-city-info.php
  44. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/bathukamma-festivities-in-the-air/article6442465.ece
  45. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/bathukamma-festivities-to-begin-from-sept-24/article6432089.ece
  46. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/Bonalu-Bathukamma-declared-state-festivals/articleshow/36677768.cms
  47. ^ http://cityofwarangal.com/harees-popular-than-haleem-in-warangal/
  48. ^ Name * (28 February 2013). "TV9 - Warangal accorded World Heritage city status by UNESCO - Telugu TVTelugu TV". Telugutv.au.com. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  49. ^ "Bhadrakali Temple". Kuda.in. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  50. ^ Gollapudi Srinivasa Rao (26 September 2011). "Bhadrakali temple readies for Navaratri". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  51. ^ "Fort WArangal". Kuda.in. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  52. ^ SPD: incredibleap.com. "Warangal Tourism, Tourism in ap, Tourism in Telangana, Temple, Railway Reservation, Railway time table, Bus Reservation, Pilgrims,Tourism in vijayawada, Tourism in vizag, Tourism in hyderarad, shamshabad airport, Famous Temples in Telangana. Resorts in Hyderabad.::". Incredibleap.com. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  53. ^ "Thousand Pillars". Warangal.nic.in. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Wagoner, Phillip B.; Rice, John Henry (2001). "From Delhi to the Deccan: Newly Discovered Tughluq Monuments at Warangal-Sult̤ānpur and the Beginnings of Indo-Islamic Architecture in Southern India". Artibus Asiae 61 (1): 77–117. JSTOR 3249963.  (subscription required)

External links[edit]