Warangal district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Warangal.
Warangal district
వరంగల్ జిల్లా
District of Telangana
Warangal District Montage. Clockwise from Top Left: Painting of Goddess Bhadrakali in Warangal, Warangal Fort Gateway, Kotagullu in Ghanpur (Mulug), Dornakal Railway Station, Pakhal Lake.
Warangal District Montage. Clockwise from Top Left: Painting of Goddess Bhadrakali in Warangal, Warangal Fort Gateway, Kotagullu in Ghanpur (Mulug), Dornakal Railway Station, Pakhal Lake.
Location in Telangana, India  (Officially from 2nd June 2014)
Location in Telangana, India
(Officially from 2nd June 2014)
Country  India
State Telangana
Region Deccan
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 91-
Vehicle registration TS–03[1]
Climate Aw (Köppen)

Warangal district is located in the northern region of the state of Telangana, India. The administrative seat is Warangal. The district is at a distance of approx. 80 km. from the state capital Hyderabad. Warangal District has an area of 12,846 km², and a population of 3,246,004 of which 19.20% was urban as of 2001.[2] The district is bounded by Karimnagar District to the north, Khammam District to the east and southeast, Nalgonda District to the southwest, and Medak District to the west. Warangal is well known for its granite quarries (notably the black and brown varieties) and as a market for rice, chili peppers, cotton, and tobacco. The Warangal district headquarters is also Warangal. This includes Warangal, Hanamkonda and Kazipet areas the towns in the district includes Parkal,Mahabubabad,Janagaon,Narsampet,Thorrur,Bhupalpally etc..

Warangal has been recently[when?] in the news because of the separate Telangana issue. It has been a major centre for the movement and its rebirth. Kaloji Narayana Rao is a freedom fighter and a well-known writer from Telangana region.

History[edit]

Warangal district consists of many Prehistoric habitation sites, which were explored by the Indian Archaeological authorities.
Paleolithic Rock art paintings are found at Pandavula gutta[3] (Regonda) and Narsapur[4] (Tadvai) in the district. The lower valley along River Godavari is a rich belt of Neolithic settlement[5] extended to the neighbouring Khammam district also.

Jainism[edit]

Padmakshi Gutta consists of a Jain temple dedicated to Goddess Padmavathi(Padmakshi), located on a hilltop in the heart of the town of Hanamakonda, was originally constructed during Kakatiya reign. Till the Kakatiya Kings renovated and established the Goddess Padmakshi, previously it was a ‘Basadi’ a Jain temple.[6] The temple also has rich sculpture of the Jain Tirthankara's and other Jain Gods and Goddesses. The Kadalalaya basadi or Padmakshi temple is built on a large rocky out crop.
Angadi Veerannagudi a Jain temple located at Biranpally[3] village in Maddur Mandal in the district.

Kakatiya Reign[edit]

Warangal was the capital of Kakatiya kingdom ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty from the 12th to the 14th centuries. Warangal also known as Orugallu, Ekasila Nagaram . The old name of this place is Orugallu. Oru means one and Gallu means stone. The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including an impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake. The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. Famous or well-known rulers included Ganapathi Deva, Prathapa Rudra, and Rani (queen) Rudrama Devi. After the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years. Jealousy and mutual rivalry between Nayaks ultimately led to the downfall of Hindus in 1370 A.D. and success of Bahmanis.

Deccan Empires[edit]

Bahmani Sultanate later broke up into several smaller sultanates, of which the Golconda sultanate ruled Warangal. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state of Hyderabad in 1724 which included the Telangana region and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Hyderabad became an Indian state in 1948. In 1956 Hyderabad was partitioned as part of the States Reorganization Act, and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state which includes Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh.

Warangal District is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[7]

Geography[edit]

Districts of Telangana

Warangal district occupies an area of 12,846 square kilometres (4,960 sq mi),[8] comparatively equivalent to the island of Jamaica or the US state of Hawaii.[9]

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Indian government named Warangal one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[10] It is one of the thirteen districts in Andhra Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[10]

Power sector[edit]

APGENCO has set up a 500 MW (and another unit of 1x600MW unit is under construction, thus the total capacity will become 1100MW) super thermal power plant in the Chelpur/ Bhupalpally area. Power Grid Corporation of India Limited is having a 630MVA, 400/220KV Substation in the Oglapur village in Atmakur mandal.,

Tourism[edit]

World Heritage status On 28 February 2013, Warangal was accorded World Heritage town status by UNESCO.[11]

Thousand Pillar Temple

Thousand Pillar Temple pond

The Thousand Pillar Temple (Telugu: వెయ్యి స్థంభాల గుడి) is a historic Hindu temple located in Hanamakonda Town, Telangana, India. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu and Lord Surya. The Thousand Pillar Temple is one of the very old temples of South India that was built by the kakatiyas. It stands out to be a masterpiece and achieved major heights in terms of architectural skills by the ancient Kakatiya vishwakarma sthapathis. It is believed that the Thousand Pillar Temple was built by King Rudra Deva in 1163 AD. The Thousand Pillar Temple is constructed on a platform that is raised to one meter height from the ground level. The temple is provided with a number of pillars which are intricately carved and adorned. Rock cut elephants and perforated screens in the temple are characteristic of the then prevailing dynasty.

Bhadrakali Temple

Painting of Goddess Bhadrakali

Bhadrakali Temple in Warangal, Telangana is known to be one of the oldest temples for Goddess Bhadrakali in India. This temple is located on the banks of the Bhadrakali lake, a picturesque location between Hanamkonda and Warangal. As per the writings on the temple wall this temple is believed to be constructed by the King Pulakesi II of Chalukya dynasty around 625 A.D to commemorate his victory over Vengi region of Andhra Desham. This can be observed from the square pillars used in the temple structure which were different from the circular pillars commonly used in temples constructed by Kakatiyas. Bhadrakali Temple has become a major tourist place and people from many parts of India visit this temple.

Warangal fort

Warangal fort Ruins

The existence of Warangal Fort in the present-day Indian state of Andhra Pradesh traced back to at least the 13th century CE. Although precise dating of its construction and subsequent enhancements are uncertain, historians and archaeologists generally accept that an earlier brick-walled structure was replaced with stone by Ganapatideva, who died in 1262, and that his successors – Rudramadevi and Prataparudra – added to its height and added gateways, square bastions and additional circular earthern walls prior to the latter's death in 1323. This places the construction towards the end of the Kakatiya period. There were later modifications between the 15th and 17th centuries, comprising principally the addition of barbicans to the four gates in the stone wall and the creation of gates in the outer earthern wall.Remnants of the structure can be seen today near to the town of Warangal, which was the Kakatiya capital. The Archaeological Survey of India has listed the remains as a Monument of National Importance.

Ramappa Temple

Ramappa also known as the Ramalingeswara temple, is located 77 km from Warangal, the ancient capital of the Kakatiya dynasty, 157 km from Hyderabad in the state of Andhra Pradesh in southern India. It lies in a valley at Palampet village of Venkatapur Mandal, in erstwhile Mulug Taluq of Warangal district, a tiny village long past its days of glory in the 13th and 14th centuries. In the Ramappa Temple, many of the smaller structures were neglected and are in ruins. The Archeological Survey of India (ASI) has taken charge of it. The main entrance gate in the outer wall of the temple is ruined. Exactly Ramappa temple is located in Palampet,Venkatapur mandal, which is 19 km far from Mulugu Mandal (50 km off Warangal).

Pakhal Lake

Sunset at Bhadrakali Lake

Pakhal Lake, situated amidst undulating forest land hills and dales is a popular retreat for the tourists. The lake, constructed around 1213 A.D. by Kakatiyan Ruler, Ganapathidev and spread over an area of 30 km2., provides a beautiful site. Set around the shores of this lake is the Pakhal Wild Life Sanctuary with an area of 839 km2. It is a dense forest shelter for a variety of fauna. If, one is lucky, one can spot a tiger or a leopard or a bear and one can find a herd of deer roaming about freely in the wild. The sanctuary is also harbouring Mammals like panthers, hyenas, wolves, wild dogs, jackals, sloth bear, nilgal, porcupine, langoor, Reptiles like python, cobra, common krait, monitor lizard and Crocodiles. Pakhal is situaled about 50 km east of Warangal and it is well connected by road passing through the east while taluk headquarters of Narsampet town which about 12 km away


Medaram

Medaram Village is situated in dense forest area about 104 km from Warangal city.Sri Sammakka & Saralamma Jatara will be celebrated once in two years in Medaram Village of Tadvai Mandal of Warangal District. People believe that Goddesses Sammakka, Saralamma fulfill their desires with their divine and miraculous powers. Issueless Couples visit to pray the goddess to bless them with children.

Business and industry[edit]

IT/ITES hardware

In 2001 Software Technology Parks of India started its branch in NIT Warangal premises to issue single window facilities, fast track permissions to IT, ITES companies & hardware parks so that IT/ITES parks can be established easily.

IT SEZ is also being set up by APIIC and K Raheja Group in Madikonda/Rampur area on the outskirts of Warangal metropolitan area.

Singareni coalaries have vast coal fields in the northern part of the district.

Textiles

This district is famous for producing cotton. Cotton ginning is done here and supplied to places like Mumbai and Coimbatore.

This Place is Famous For textile production in Ancient times By the then ruler As AZAM jahi Spinning mills Which were later closed due to mis-management

Food processing

The district is home to the Regional Research Center of the Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University. This district is famous for red chilly exports. Most of the chilly exports go to Nagpur, Mumbai and Pune. Watermelon, Musk melon and Gherkins are grown in the district. Nekkonda, Dornakal, Torrur and Mahabubabad are known for Mango gardens. Vegetables are supplied to Visakhapatnam, Chennai, Vijayawada, Bangalore, Nagpur and Hyderabad.

Household indicators[edit]

In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 956 households in 40 villages across the district.[12] They found that 94.1% had access to electricity, 94.3% had drinking water, 40.6% toilet facilities, and 30.4% lived in a pucca (permanent) home.[12] 17.5% of girls wed before the legal age of 18[13] and 87.2% of interviewees carried a BPL card.[12]

Religions in Warangal district
Religion Percentage
Hindu
  
93.30%
Muslim
  
5.46%
Christian
  
1.03%
Others
  
0.27%

Image Gallery[edit]

Divisions[edit]

Mandals include:

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

National Highway 202 (India) between Hyderabad - Bhopalpatnam (Chhattisgarh) connecting the district through Mahabubabad, Jangaon, Kazipet, Hanamkonda, Mulug, Eturnagaram. Warangal is surrounded with towns like Bhoopalpally, Parkal, Narsampet, Torrur and Jangaon each 30-90 kilometers.

Warangal is about 140 km by road from Hyderabad, the state capital of Telangana.

Rail[edit]

Kazipet railway station

Warangal has two railway stations called Warangal and Kazipet, which connect south and north India. The Kazipet Junction lies on both the Secunderabad-Balharshah line and Secunderabad-Vijayawada line.[citation needed]

Airport[edit]

Hyderabad International Airport is about 3 ½ hours by road from Warangal town. This district has a small airport in Mamnoor, which can accommodate small aircraft like the ATR 42. This airport is currently used by police.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Warangal district has a population of 3,522,644,[14] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[15] or the US state of Connecticut.[16] This gives it a ranking of 82nd in India (out of a total of 640).[14] The district has a population density of 274 inhabitants per square kilometre (710/sq mi) .[14] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 8.52%.[14] Warangal has a sex ratio of 994 females for every 1000 males,[14] and a literacy rate of 66.16%.[14]

Culture[edit]

The district hosts the Samakka-Saramma Jatara (congregation). Every two years, approximately ten million people converge over three days around the small village of Tadvai, 90 km from Warangal bus stand. This fair commemorates the valiant fight put up by a mother-daughter combination with the reigning rulers over an unjust law.

Warangal is an excellent abode of fine arts and literature. Many art forms from folklore to the modern arts of singing, dance, painting, poetry and films have been flourished in the land.

Education[edit]

Warangal is a centre of education in northern Andhra Pradesh and Educational institutions in Warangal have national importance.

National Institute of Technology, Warangal (NIT Warangal or NITW) is a public engineering institute located in Warangal, India. Formerly known as the Regional Engineering College, Warangal (RECW), it is the first among the 17 Regional Engineering Colleges established in India and was in 1959 by the then Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. The institute was renamed as the National Institute of Technology, Warangal in September, 2002.

NIT-Warangal

.

Only except one or two Warangal students all other students come from other states of India specially from northern Indian states and Foreign students from Palestine, Jordan, Sudan, Eritrea etc. NIT is for the highly meritorious students from all across the country ranking highest in IIT and JRE but not in EAMCET, Non Resident Indians, and Foreign students. NIT at Warangal is the 3rd best NIT in India. Today it is an Institute of National Importance awarding bachelors, masters and doctoral degrees in engineering, technology, basic sciences and management.

Warangal has educational institutions such as National Institute of Technology, Warangal The first of all RECs, the erstwhile REC Warangal started functioning in 1959 with Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering departments. The Bachelors programme in Chemical Engineering was initiated in 1964. The following year saw the start of Metallurgical Engineering programme. In 1971, the college started the undergraduate program in Electronics and Communication Engineering. B. Tech in Computer Science & Engineering was started in 1983 and M. Tech in Computer Science & Engineering in 1987.[5] In 2006, the institute started a Bachelors program in Biotechnology.[6]

In 1976, its affiliation was changed from Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University to Kakatiya University, with which it remained affiliated, until the institute was granted a deemed university status in 2002[7]

In 1994, the institute was selected by the Overseas Development Administration of the UK for exchange programs between the UK and India in the field of information technology. This program ran till 1999. In 2000, the institute started its MBA program. The next year, a center of Software Technology Parks of India was opened in its campus( now not functioning). In September 2002, the college was renamed as National Institute of Technology and was given a deemed university status. NIT W was been given the status of Institute of National Importance (INI) on 15 August 2007.[8]

In November 2012, NIT Warangal entered into an MoU with 12 European Higher Education Institutes and seven other Indian Institutes (IISc, Bangalore, IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, IIT Kanpur, IIT Gawhati, Anna University and NIT Rourkela) and became a partner institute of the HERITAGE Programme.[9] 29 of the 99 members selected for pursuing their studies or research abroad for 2013-14 are from NIT Warangal.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "Census GIS India". Censusindiamaps.net. Retrieved 2010-12-09. 
  3. ^ a b http://www.aparchaeologymuseum.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Warangal-dt.pdf
  4. ^ http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rock_painting_sites_at_Warangal.JPG
  5. ^ http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/1749/16/16_chapter%204.pdf
  6. ^ http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Padmakshi_Gutta
  7. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  8. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  9. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Samar 12,849km2 
  10. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  11. ^ Name * (2013-02-28). "TV9 - Warangal accorded World Heritage town status by UNESCO - Telugu TVTelugu TV". Telugutv.au.com. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  12. ^ a b c "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Prades" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  13. ^ "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03. To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  15. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Lithuania 3,535,547 July 2011 est. 
  16. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Connecticut 3,574,097 
  17. ^ KITS,Warangal
  18. ^ http://www.chaitanyacolleges.com/

Razaavi Educational Academy - 0091 8686 4343 03

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 17°57′N 79°30′E / 17.95°N 79.5°E / 17.95; 79.5