Waray-Waray language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Waray - Waray
Winaray, Samarnon, Binisaya nga Winaray[not verified in body]
Native to Philippines
Region Eastern Visayas (entire Samar and northeastern portions of Leyte province), eastern parts of Biliran and some parts of Masbate and Sorsogon
Ethnicity Waray people
Native speakers
3 million[1]  (2014)[2]
5th most spoken native language in the Philippines[3]
Dialects Waray, Samar-Leyte, Northern Samar
Historically Badlit
Official status
Official language in
Regional language in the Philippines
Regulated by Commission on the Filipino Language
Historically regulated by the Sanghiran san Binisaya ha Samar ug Leyte
Language codes
ISO 639-2 war
ISO 639-3 war
Glottolog wara1300[4]
Areas where Waray-Waray is spoken
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Waray-Waray (also Waray, Samar-Leyte, and Samarnon) is the fifth most spoken native language of the Philippines, specific to the provinces of Samar, Northern Samar, Eastern Samar, Biliran, and in the north-east of Leyte Island (surrounding Tacloban). The name comes from the word often heard by non-speakers, "waray" (meaning "none", "nothing" or "not"), in the same way that Cebuanos are known in Leyte as "mga Kana" (after the oft-heard word "kana", meaning "that", among people speaking the Cebuano language).[not verified in body]

The Waray-Waray language spoken by the Waray people of Samar island, in the north east of Leyte Island (surrounding Tacloban) and in some parts of Biliran island shows dialectal variations. Dialects are spoken in some parts of Masbate, particularly on the island of Ticao which is adjacent to Samar island.[citation needed]

Orthography issues[edit]

While the now-defunct Sanghiran san Binisaya ha Samar ug Leyte (Academy of the Visayan Language of Samar and Leyte) formulated and recommended a standard orthography, this was never widely disseminated, and therefore as of present there is still no commonly accepted official orthography. In effect, there may exist two spellings of the same word (usually limited to differences in vowels only), such as:[citation needed]

  • diri or dire ("no")
  • hira or hera ("them")
  • maupay or mabaysay ("good")
  • guinhatag or ginhatag ("gave")
  • direcho or diritso ("straight [ahead]")
  • ciudad or syudad ("city")
  • espejo or espeho ("mirror")


Waray-Waray is one of the ten officially recognized regional languages in the Philippines and used in local government.[citation needed]

However, print media in this language are rare because most regional newspapers are published in English. The language is also used in the Eucharistic celebrations or Holy Masses in the Roman Catholic Church in the region. Bibles published in Waray-Waray are also available.



The Waray language has sixteen consonant phonemes: /p, t, k, b, d, ɡ, m, n, ŋ, s, h, w, l, ɾ, j/.[clarification needed] Consonants /d/ and /ɾ/ were once allophones but cannot now interchange, as in palaron (to be lucky) from palad, palm (one's luck is seen on one's palm in fortune-telling) which cannot be paladon, or tagadiín (from where) [from diín, where] which cannot be tagariín.[citation needed]


The language of Waray-Waray has borrowed vocabulary extensively from other languages. Most of those words are so-called core B words, which are cultural words adopted by a language when heavily exposed to a new culture.[citation needed] These words are being adopted to fill lexical gaps of the recipient language. Spanish colonialization introduced new systems to the Philippine society.

Since World War II many of the Spanish terms, mainly political or technical, have been replaced by English vocabulary.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "September 2014 Nationwide Survey on the May 2016 Elections". Pulse Asia. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Waray - Waray at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  3. ^ Philippine Census, 2000. Table 11. Household Population by Ethnicity, Sex and Region: 2000
  4. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Waray (Philippines)". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Dictionary English Waray-Waray/Tagalog (2005) by Tomas A. Abuyen, National Book Store, 494 pp., ISBN 971-08-6529-3.

External links[edit]