Maidan Wardak Province

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Wardak
ميدان وردگ
Province
Map of Afghanistan with  Wardak highlighted
Map of Afghanistan with Wardak highlighted
Coordinates (Capital): 34°24′N 68°24′E / 34.4°N 68.4°E / 34.4; 68.4Coordinates: 34°24′N 68°24′E / 34.4°N 68.4°E / 34.4; 68.4
Country Afghanistan
Capital Maidan Shar
Government
 • Chief jehadi Commander and elder Hakem Ghulam Hazrat Jaghato district (Peer Gaillani and Sayaaf)
Area
 • Total 9,934 km2 (3,836 sq mi)
Population [1]
 • Total 540,100
 • Density 54/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+4:30
ISO 3166 code AF-WAR
Main languages Persian, Pashto

Maidan Wardak Province (Pashto: ميدان وردگ ولايت‎), also called Maidan Wardag or simply Wardak Province, is one of thirty four provinces of Afghanistan located in the central east region of Afghanistan. It has a population of approximately 540,100. The capital of the province is Maidan Shar. The province is named after the Pashtun tribe of Wardak.

History[edit]

During the communist times, the people of Wardak never gave significant support to the communist government.[2] Wardak Province was significant during the Civil War in Afghanistan, due to its proximity with Kabul and its agricultural lands. Hezb-e Wahdat had significant presence in the area. Most of the area was captured by the Taliban around winter 1995, and after the capture of Kabul, Wardak Taliban were significant in the fight for Parwan Province and Kapisa Province.[2]

Geography[edit]

A US soldier patrols the village of Dahanah in Wardak Province

Maidan Wardak province is located in the Central (or Central East) region of Afghanistan; bordering Parwan to the Northeast, Kabul and Logar to the east, Ghazni to the south and Bamyan to the west. The capital of Maidan Wardak province is Maidan Shar, which is located about 35 km from Kabul. Maidan Wardak province covers an area of 9,934 km2. The majority of the provincial population (527,750 people) live in rural areas. The most heavily populated areas are along the Kabul – Kandahar Highway. The rest of the province is thinly populated, with villages concentrated in areas with available irrigation and water sources (CSO and UNFPA, 2003).

Demographics[edit]

The provincial population is approximately 540,100. Pashtun and Hazara form the majority of the population in the province.[3] Tajik and Qizilbash form a minority population in some of the districts.[4] Kuchis migrate across parts of Sayadabad, Daymirdad and Nerkh between April and September.

Religion[edit]

The province is recognized for its strong religious sentiment. Between the 1950s-1970s over 30 study centres were active in the area.

Security[edit]

The security situation rapidly deteriorated in Maidan Wardak in 2008 and 2009. According to a report by Mohammad Osman Tariq Elias, both Logar and Maidan Wardak, by the end of 2008, were under de facto Taliban control.[2] As of April 2009, the Ministry of the Interior (Afghanistan) had listed the entire province as "High Risk."[5]

Economics and industry[edit]

In terms of industry, one marble factory is working in the province, and there are marble mines in the provincial center and Sayed Abad District although no mining is currently undertaken there due to the government ban. The majority of commercial activity in Maidan Wardak is related to trade in agricultural and livestock products, although stone quarrying is also a growing business in the area. The people from Maidan Wardak are also expert in karez cleaning and repair and go to other parts of the country for this purpose. In Maidan Wardak, there are many natural resources like petroleum, iron, rubies, and many historical artifacts that have been found by the people, but have been kept secret.

Agriculture is a major source of revenue for 43% of households in Maidan Wardak province. Four fifths (79%) of rural households own or manage agricultural land or garden plots in the province. However, nearly a quarter (24%) of households in the province derive income from trade and services, and around half (45%) of households earn some income through non-farm related labor.

Education[edit]

The overall literacy rate in Wardak province is 25%. There are around 251 primary and secondary schools in the province catering for 105,358 students. There are 2909 teachers teaching in these schools.[6]

Districts[edit]

Districts of Wardak.
Districts of Wardak Province
District Capital Population[7] Area[8] Ethnical data(%)[4][9][10] Notes
Chak 83,376 1,273 ~100% Pashtun
Maidan Shar 35,008 ~70% Pashtun, 30% Tajik
Narkh 56,354 ~80% Pashtun

~20% Hazara

Saydabad 114,793 1,163 ~79% Pashtun

~21% Tajik

Jaghatu 46,667 ~100% Pashtun
Day Mirdad 28,865 ~95% Hazara 5% pashtun

unknown% Qizilbash

Jalrez 44,873 ~80% Pashtun

~20% Hazara

Hisa-I-Awali Bihsud 25,079 ~80% Hazara

~10% pashtun, unknown% Qizilbash 10% Tajik

Markazi Bihsud 33,328 100% Hazara

References[edit]

  1. ^ Central Statistics Office of Afghanistan. "Settled Population of country by Provinces and sex for 2006-2009 years". Retrieved 2009-11-30. 
  2. ^ a b c Elias, Mohammed Osman Tariq (2009). "The Resurgence of the Taliban in Kabul, Logar and Wardak". In Giustozzi, Antonio. Decoding the New Taliban: Insights from the Afghan Field. Hurst & Company. ISBN 978-1-85065-961-7. 
  3. ^ http://www.nps.edu/programs/ccs/MaydenWardak.html
  4. ^ a b http://www.nps.edu/programs/ccs/Docs/Executive%20Summaries/Wardak.pdf
  5. ^ British Broadcasting Corporation. Afghanistan: Security Map. 19 August 2009. Accessed at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8194230.stm Accessed on [28 September 2009]
  6. ^ "Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development". Mrrd.gov.af. 2012-08-04. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  7. ^ Wardak Provincial Profile - MRRD
  8. ^ Afghanistan Geographic & Thematic Layers
  9. ^ http://www.nps.edu/programs/ccs/Docs/PDF%20Maps/NewTribal/Wardak.pdf
  10. ^ Ethnic demographic statistics taken from http://www.nps.edu/programs/ccs/MaydenWardak.html

External links[edit]