Warden Head Light
Warden Head Light, 2007
|Location||Ulladulla, New South Wales, Australia|
|Year first constructed||1873|
|Year first lit||1889|
|Tower shape||tapered round, lantern, gallery|
|Markings / pattern||white|
|Height||40 feet (12 m)|
|Focal height||112 feet (34 m)|
|Original lens||Chance Brothers optical apparatus|
|Range||14 nautical miles (26 km)|
Warden Head Light, also known as Ulladulla Lighthouse, is an active lighthouse on Warden Head, a headland south of Ulladulla, New South Wales, Australia, guarding the entrance to the Port of Ulladulla. It is one of only two wrought iron lighthouses in New South Wales, the other being its sibling, Wollongong Breakwater Lighthouse. It is also notable for two relocations: the tower was constructed in 1873 on the Ulladulla Breakwater, and relocated in 1889 to its current location. Its keeper's house was relocated to a different location in the 1920s.
First recommendations for construction of a lighthouse at the Ulladulla Harbour were made in 1868, enabling night activity at the port. Construction of a lighthouse at the Ulladulla Harbour breakwater was initiated by Edward Orpen Moriarty MA MInstCE, Engineer in Chief of the New South Wales Harbours and Rivers Department, together with a second lighthouse at Belmore Basin, Wollongong. Both lighthouses were designed by Colonial Architect's Office, then under Colonial Architect James Barnet. Tenders were invited in October 1869 by the Public Works Department, and both lighthouses were constructed by Joseph Mather, Wollongong Breakwater Lighthouse in 1872 and Warden Head Lighthouse in 1873.
In 1889 the lighthouse was relocated to its current location on Warden Head, under the supervision of James Barnet, still the Colonial Architect.
In 1920 the light source was replaced with a carbide lamp, automated and demanned. The characteristic was changed to a flashing one. In 1922, the keeper's house, no longer required, was relocated to Milton to be used as a doctor's office.
In 1964 the tower was electrified. The current power source is a 110 V DC battery, charged from the mains electricity. The current light source is a 120 V, 1,000 W, quartz halogen lamp with an intensity of 28,000 cd, visible for 14 nautical miles (26 km; 16 mi) The current light characteristic is a group of two flashes every 10 seconds (Fl.(2)W. 10s).
In the 1940s a car park was developed at Warden Head by the Ulladulla Council to encourage visitors to the lighthouse.
The tower is made of riveted wrought iron plates forming the shell. The plates which were created Joseph Mather's foundry at Wollongong and assembled on the original site on the Ulladulla Breakwater. It is 40 feet (12 m) high, with an additional 7 feet 7 inches (2.3 m) buried in the concrete foundation. The structure is divided by three timber floors, connected by iron ladders.
On top of the wrought iron shell is a small balcony supported by cast iron brackets, with a plain iron handrail.
Site operation and visiting
The light and the tower are operated by Roads and Maritime Services (formerly NSW Maritime). The grounds are accessible by road and parking is available, but the tower itself is closed to the public.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Warden Head Light.|
- List of Lights, Pub. 111, The West Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. and Hawaii), Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, and the Islands of the North and South Pacific Oceans (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 132.
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Australia: New South Wales". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- "The Warden Head Lighthouse at Ulladulla". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc.
- Searle, Garry. "Warden Head". Lighthouses of New South Wales. SeaSide Lights.
- "Warden Head Lighthouse (listing RNE19898)". Australia Heritage Places Inventory. Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities.
- "Lighthouse Lights - NSW Maritime". maritime.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
- "History of Ulladulla Harbour". ulladulla.info. Retrieved 16 September 2010.
- "In the year 1873: Ulladulla Public School". Retrieved 16 September 2010.
- "Post Office Directory 1904 Milton NSW". ulladulla.info. Retrieved 16 September 2010.
- "Ulladulla Post Office Directory 1904". ulladulla.info. Retrieved 16 September 2010.
- "Place Names". ulladulla.info. Retrieved 16 September 2010.