Warden pear

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Worcester Black Pears. A centuries old variety, possibly brought to the British Isles by the Romans. The dull, purpley skin gives the fruit a black appearance and hence the name. Looking very much at home in the Westbury Court Garden at Westbury-on-Severn.

The Warden pear takes it name from the Cistertian Abbey of Warden in the modern-day county of Bedfordshire.

The name of 'Warden pear' may refer to any one of a number of pear varieties that do not truly ripen and must therefore be cooked to be edible. They are used to make "warden pies." Alternatively, the name may be used to refer specifically the variety known as "Black Worcester or Parkinson's Warden."[1]

Black Worcester was recorded as being grown by monks at the Abbey as early as 1388, though it is thought it may be Roman in origin. As long keeping fruit, it formed an important part of the winter diet until root-crops were introduced. The fruit is larger than average and the flesh hard and coarse, but is reported to be excellent when stewed. It may also have been used to make perry.


Warden pears formed part of the provisions of the troops at Agincourt in 1415, where Worcestershire bowmen carried banners depicting a pear tree laden with fruit.

On Queen Elizabeth I’s visit to the city of Worcester in August 1575, the city authorities had a fruit-laden tree transplanted to the Foregate in her honour. So admiring was she of the good management that had allowed the fruit to remain unplucked that she ordered “3 pears sable” to be added to the city’s coat of arms, which probably gave rise to the name ‘Black Worcester’.

The warden's pear is very rarely distinguished in blazon, if not in visual form, from the regular pear when there is a pun to be made on the name "Warden."[2]