The Warehouse (or the "House" for short) was a nightclub established in Chicago, Illinois in 1977 under the direction of Robert Williams. It is today most famous for being what many consider to be the birthplace and heart of "house music" under its first musical director, DJ Frankie Knuckles.
A broad spectrum of dance music was played there; however, first and foremost were R'n'B and Disco. Knuckles experimented with different possibilities of developing an original expression, mixing disco music with European electronic music. DJ History reports: "The style of music now known as house was so named after a shortened version of [Knuckles'] club."
The Warehouse was patronized primarily by gay black and Latino men, who came to dance to disco music played by the club's resident DJ, Frankie Knuckles. It was located at 206 South Jefferson Street in Chicago.
After The Warehouse doubled its admission fee in late 1982, it grew more commercial and Knuckles decided to leave and start his own club, The Power Plant, to which his devoted followers followed. In response, the Warehouse's owners renamed it the Music Box and hired a new DJ named Ron Hardy
Frankie Knuckles tributes
In 2004, the city of Chicago - which "became notorious in the dance community around the world for passing the so-called 'anti-rave ordinance' in 2000 that made property owners, promoters and deejays subject to $10,000 fines for being involved in an unlicensed dance party" - named a stretch of street in northern Chicago after Knuckles, where the old Warehouse once stood, on Jefferson Street between Jackson Boulevard and Madison Street. The Warehouse was actually on the Near West Side of Chicago, just outside of downtown, referred to as "West Loop" That stretch of street, called Frankie Knuckles Way, "was renamed when the city declared 25 August 2004 as Frankie Knuckles Day. The Illiniois state senator who helped make it happen was Barack Obama."
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- "Def Mix: The house that Judy built". DJ History. Retrieved April 1, 2014.
- "House". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved May 1, 2007.
- Ferguson, Joshua P. (2009-10-08). "Frankie Knuckles - Interview". Time Out Chicago. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
- Snoman, Rick (2009). The Dance Music Manual: Tools, Toys, and Techniques — Second Edition. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Press. p.233
- "Frankie Knuckles: House pioneer dies aged 59". BBC. 1 April 2014.
- Greg Kot (April 1, 2004). Chicago Tribune.
- Lars Brandle (April 01, 2014 1:00 AM EDT). "Frankie Knuckles, House Music Legend, Dies at 59". The Guardian.
Frankie Knuckles Day Article 2004-09-01 Windy City Times
- The Warehouse/Music Box, Chicago – Clubbers Guide to Life from Ministry of Sound. Retrieved on September 6, 2007.
- Cheeseman, Phil. "The History of House Music". TruGroovez History of House Music. TruGroovez.Com. Retrieved 2007-09-06.
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