Waris Ali Shah

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Not to be confused with Waris Shah

Waris Ali Shah
Sarkar Waris Pak Dargah,Dewa Shareef,Barabanki,Lucknow India.jpg
Dargah of Haji Waris Ali Shah in Dewa, Barabanki, India.
Religion Islam
Other name(s)
Sarkar Waris Pak, Waris Baba
Personal
Born 1819
Died 7 April 1905
Dewa, India
Senior posting
Based in Dewa, India
Title Haji
Period in office
Early 19th century

Waris Ali Shah (Urdu: حاجی وارث علی شاہ‎, Hindi: हाजी वारिस अली शाह) or Sarkar Waris Pak (Urdu: سرکار وارث پاک, Hindi: सरकार वारिस पाक) (1819-1905) was a Sufi saint from Dewa, Barabanki, India, was the founder of Warsi order of Sufism, he travelled widely in the west and admitted people to his spiritual order.[1] His shrine is situated at Dewa, India.[2][3]

Life[edit]

Father[edit]

His father's name was Qurban Ali Shah whose tomb too is located in Dewa.[4]

Haji Waris Ali Shah at a very early age showed an extraordinary inclination for a religious life and that even in his extreme boyhood he was regarded as amazingly proficient in his knowledge and practice of religion.[5]

Sufi order[edit]

Waris Ali Shah belonged to the Quadira and Chistaya schools of Sufism,[6] he was initiated in traditional Sufi order of Chishtia but he adopted more liberal view and permitted his followers to remain in their own religion.[1] When he was a small boy Waris Ali attached himself to Haji Khadim Ali Shah, a sufi darwesh of Golaganj, Lucknow and remained with him until his death in 1832-33 when Waris Ali was 16 years old.[7]

Social engagements[edit]

He went to Mecca for pilgrimage many times.[8] During his extensive travel to Europe he visited Sultan of Turkey and Bismarck of Berlin.[1] He also travelled to England and had an audience with Queen Victoria.[8]

He was a friend of Abdul Bari.[9]

Urs[edit]

An urs locally known as Dewa mela is observed in October–November, it is attended by nearly a million Muslims and Hindus.[8][10][11][12] It is said that this fair was started by Haji Waris Ali Shah in memory of his father, Qurban Ali Shah. Another fair is held beside the tomb of Haji Waris Ali Shah on the first of the Muslim month of Safar every year.[13]

Death[edit]

He died on thirteenth of Muharram 1323 AH corresponding to sixth of April 1905 CE.[14]

His disciples[edit]

His numerous disciples both Muslims and Hindus, add Warisi or Warsi to their names.[3][8] He had many prominent followers from several faiths.[15] Haji Waris Ali Shah was pir of Mushir Husain Kidwai of Gadia, a zamindar, barrister and pan-Islamist politician from Barabanki.[9] According to Narayan, Waris Ali Shah was the pir of famous Sai Baba of Shirdi.[16]

Shaiq Khuda Bakhsh was a follower of Waris Ali Shah, he collected sayings of his spiritual guide Malfūzāt-i-Hāji Wāris 'Ali Shāh.[2] His book Tohmat-ul-Asfiya is the biography of Waris Ali Shah.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Hasan, Masoodul (2007). Sufism and English literature : Chaucer to the present age : echoes and images. New Delhi, India: Adam Publishers & Distributors. pp. 5, 183. ISBN 9788174355232. 
  2. ^ a b Hadi, Nabi (1994). Dictionary of Indo-Persian literature. Janpath, New Delhi: Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts. p. 554. ISBN 9788170173113. 
  3. ^ a b Prasad, Rajendra (2010). India divided. New Delhi: Penguin Books. p. 44. ISBN 9780143414155. 
  4. ^ All India Reporter, Volume 4, Part 5. D.V. Chitaley. 1917. pp. 81, 85, 87. 
  5. ^ All India Reporter, Volume 4, Part 5. D.V. Chitaley. 1917. p. 81. 
  6. ^ Mountain Path, Volume 19. Sri Ramanasramam. 1982. pp. 20, 21. 
  7. ^ S. D., Chaudhri (1917). Indian Cases: Containing Full Reports of Decisions of the Privy Council, the High Courts of Allahabad, Bombay, Calcutta, Madras and Patna, the Chief Courts of Lower Burma and the Punjab, the Courts of the Judicial Commissioners of Central Provinces, Oudh, Sind and Upper Burma, Reported in ... 25 Legal Periodicals ... with a Large Number of Extra Rulings Not Reported Elsewhere, Volume 40. Great Britain Privy Council Judicial Committee, India Courts: The manager, at the "Law publishing press". p. 102. 
  8. ^ a b c d Ehtisham, S. Akhtar (2008). A medical doctor examines life on three continents : a Pakistani view. New York: Algora Pub. p. 11. ISBN 9780875866345. 
  9. ^ a b Qureshi, M. Naeem (1999). Pan-Islam in British Indian politics : a study of the Khilafat movement, 1918 - 1924. Leiden [u.a.]: Brill. pp. 92, 470, 539. ISBN 9789004113718. 
  10. ^ Kochhar, S. K. (1984). Teaching of history (2nd ed. ed.). Sterling. p. 292. ISBN 9788120700253. 
  11. ^ Kapoor, edited by Subodh (2002). The Indian encyclopaedia : biographical, historical, religious, administrative, ethnological, commercial and scientific (1st ed. ed.). New Delhi: Cosmo Publications. p. 1925. ISBN 9788177552577. 
  12. ^ Hasan, Mushirul (2004). From pluralism to separatism : qasbas in colonial Awadh (1. publ. ed.). New Delhi [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press. p. 129. ISBN 9780195666083. 
  13. ^ Varma, Uma. Uttar Pradesh State Gazetteer: Social services, culture, places of interest Gazetteer of India Volume 5 of Uttar Pradesh State Gazetteer, Uttar Pradesh (India). Dept. of District Gazetteers. Government of Uttar Pradesh, Department of District Gazetteers. 
  14. ^ Sharib, Zahurul Hassan (2006). The Sufi saints of the Indian subcontinent. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. p. 290. 
  15. ^ Disciples of Waris Ali Shah
  16. ^ Sikand, Yoginder (2003). Sacred spaces : exploring traditions of shared faith in India. New Delhi: Penguin Books India. p. 120. ISBN 9780143029311. 
  17. ^ "Personalities: Literary". The Official Website of Barabanki. MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATION & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY; GOVERNMENT OF INDIA; BARABANKI-225001. Retrieved 20 July 2010. 

External links[edit]