Waris language

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Waris
Region Sandaun Province, Papua New Guinea; Papua province, Indonesia
Native speakers
unknown (undated figure of 4,000)[1]
Border
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 wrs
Glottolog wari1266[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Waris or Walsa is a Papuan language spoken by about 2,500 people around Wasengla, Amanab District, Sandaun Province, Papua New Guinea, as well as about 1,500 across the border in the Indonesian province of Papua.

Phonology[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Monophthongs[edit]

Front Central Back
Close i u
Close-mid e
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Near-open æ
Open a ɒ

Diphthongs and triphthongs[edit]

Vi Vu
iV
ɛV ɛɔ ɛu
ɑV ɑi ɑɔ
ɒV ɒi
ɔV ɔi ɔɑ
uV ui

There are two triphthongs, /ɔɑi/ and /uɛu/.

Consonants[edit]

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar
Stop Voiceless p t k
Prenasalised ᵐb ⁿd ᵑɡ
Nasal m n
Fricative Voiceless s x
Voiced β
Trill r
Lateral approximant l
Approximant w j

References[edit]

  1. ^ Waris reference at Ethnologue (14th ed., 2000)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Waris". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Brown, Robert (1981). "Semantic aspects of some Waris predications". In Karl J. Franklin. Syntax and semantics in Papua New Guinea languages. Ukarumpa: Summer Institute of Linguistics. pp. 93–123. 
  • Brown, Robert (1988). "Waris case system and verb classification". Language and Linguistics in Melanesia 19: 37–80. 
  • Brown, Robert; Honoratus Wai (1986). Diksenari: Walsana moa Pisinna moa Englisna moa (A short dictionary of the Walsa [Waris] language, Tok Pisin and English). Ukarumpa: Summer Institute of Linguistics.