Warner's Hotel

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Warner's Hotel
Warner's Hotel, 2010c.jpg
Warner's Hotel in December 2010 with the Novotel completed
General information
Type Hotel
Architectural style Victorian Free Classical
Location Cathedral Square, Christchurch Central City
Address 50 Cathedral Square
Town or city Christchurch
Country New Zealand
Coordinates 43°31′50″S 172°38′15″E / 43.5305°S 172.6375°E / -43.5305; 172.6375
Current tenants Novotel
Completed 29 October 1901
Renovated 1910 (fourth storey added)
Client Percy Arthur Herman
Owner Chrystal Imports
Landlord Gordon Chamberlain
Technical details
Floor count four
Design and construction
Architect Joseph Madison
Renovating team
Architect Sidney and Alfred Luttrell
Designated: 24-Apr-1997
Reference No. 7384
References
"Warner's Hotel". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 

Warner's Hotel in 50 Cathedral Square, Christchurch is the site of a hotel established in 1863. The original building, extended on numerous occasions, burned down in 1900. A new building was built in 1901. Again, it underwent numerous alterations. A fourth storey was added in 1910 and the northern end of the building was demolished in 1917 and a theatre built in its place to create a noise buffer to the printing presses of the adjoining Lyttelton Times Building. The theatre was demolished in 1996 and patrons enjoyed a beer garden. In 2010, a high-rise Novotel hotel opened on the site of the beer garden and in the process, the historical and symmetrical 1901 façade was recreated.

Warner's Hotel was recognised as a Category II heritage building by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust, with registration number 7384. Subsequent to the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake, the historic part of the building was demolished in late 2011.

History[edit]

William Francis Warner, an early proprietor of what became known as Warner's Hotel

The Commercial and Dining Rooms were established by John Etherden Coker (1832–1894) in 1863.[1] William Francis Warner (1836–1896)[2] was either the third proprietor from 1874,[1] or the second proprietor from 1873,[3] and the establishment was known as Warner's Hotel from the mid-1870s.[1] Warner, described as "the patriarch among licensed victuallers in Christchurch", drowned in a boating accident on the Avon Heathcote Estuary in 1896.[4] The three resulting funerals were a big event in Christchurch, and Prime Minister Richard Seddon sent flowers to Warner's funeral.[5]

Fire broke out at Warner's Hotel on the evening of 24 April 1900. The wooden portion of the building was destroyed, but the modern part was still habitable. After the fire crews had left, the fire ignited again. The fire threatened at one point to ignite the adjacent original building of the Lyttelton Times, but apart from some windows broken by the intense heat, nothing happened.[6]

The licence for the hotel was transferred to Percy Arthur Herman, an experienced proprietor from the North Island, in March 1901.[7] Herman engaged architect Joseph Maddison to design a new building for the site, who chose a Victorian Free Classical architecture style in the palazzo genre. The façade utilised a grand central entrance with a pediment and balustraded parapets on either side, representing typical use of classical symmetry.[8] The new hotel, with over 120 rooms, was opened on 29 October 1901.[9]

Herman, together with solicitor Walter Cresswell, commissioned architects Sidney and Alfred Luttrell to design what became known as the Royal Exchange, and what is these days known as the Regent Theatre, on the opposite site of Cathedral Square. That building was constructed in 1905.[10] Earlier, in 1902, the Luttrell Brothers had been engaged by the publishers of the Lyttelton Times to design new headquarters on their existing site. The new Lyttelton Times Building was built immediately adjacent to Warner's Hotel and opened in 1904. Initially, Warner's Hotel rented some of the rooms on the upper floors as additional hotel rooms, but this venture folded in 1905, as the printing presses kept the guests awake at night.[11][12]

Herman engaged the Luttrell Brothers again in 1910 for an expansion of his hotel, and he got them to design another floor. The architectural integrity of the Cathedral Square façade was kept by shifting the entrance pediment up by one floor, and by reinstating the balustraded parapets. In 1917, however, the symmetry of the façade was destroyed by the decision to have the north end of the hotel demolished. In its place, the Liberty Theatre (later known as the Savoy Theatre) was built, and it was to act as a noise buffer between the hotel patrons and the printing presses of the Lyttelton Times, which kept them awake at night.[8][12] The Savoy Theatre was later registered as a Category II building by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust,[8] but it was demolished in 1993.[13]

In the 1960s, the pediment and the parapets were removed from Warner's Hotel.[8] The gap left by the demolished Savoy developed into a beer garden, and it became a popular place.[14] One regular patron was Green Party co-leader Rod Donald, and after his funeral in the adjacent ChristChurch Cathedral on 10 November 2005, his wake was held in the beer garden.[15]

Warner's Hotel was under the threat of demolition from the 1960s until 2000, when property investor and developer Gordon Chamberlain, director of Crystal Imports, purchased the building from Angus Macfarlane.[16][17] A 14 storey Novotel hotel was built on the site of the beer garden behind a replica of the hotel's original 1910 façade. The new hotel, designed by CDA Architecture opened in January 2010.[18]

Heritage listing[edit]

On 24 April 1997, the building was registered by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust as a Category II historic place, with the registration number 7384. The building was recognised due to its contribution of the street scape in this part of Cathedral Square, being one of the number of heritage buildings in the quadrant. In terms of cultural significance, it was an important meeting place for businesses and community groups. Until the 1900s, it was also a transport terminus.[8]

Earthquakes[edit]

Crystal Imports owns five properties in the central city, including the Chief Post Office and Warner's. At least two of those properties are likely to be demolished having suffered significant damage in the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake, including Warner's Hotel.[19][20] In September 2011, Warner's Hotel became part of the political discussion, with Brendon Burns arguing that it should be retained, after the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority had ordered its demolition and Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee refusing to intervene in heritage demolition decisions.[21] By early November, Warner's had been demolished.[22]

The Novotel hotel reopened on 19 August 2013 after 18 months of repairs.[23][24]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "William Francis Warner (1836–1896)". Christchurch City Libraries. Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  2. ^ "Roper's Store, Normans Road, Bryndwr, Christchurch". Christchurch City Libraries. Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  3. ^ "The Late Mr Warner". The Star (5503). 2 March 1896. p. 2. Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Greenaway, Richard L.N. (October 2002). "Waimairi Cemetery" (PDF). p. 9. Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  5. ^ Greenaway, Richard L. N. (June 2007). "Bromley Cemetery Tour" (PDF). p. 27. Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  6. ^ "Fires. Outbreak in Warner's Hotel". The Star (6753). 26 March 1900. p. 4. Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Licensing Committees". The Star (7041). 6 March 1901. p. 3. Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "Warner's Hotel". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  9. ^ "Warner's New Hotel". The Star (7238). 26 October 1901. p. 6. Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  10. ^ "Regent Theatre Building". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  11. ^ "Lyttelton Times Building". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  12. ^ a b May, Jenny. "Uncertain Future For City Landmarks". Christchurch City Council. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  13. ^ Killick, David (19 December 2006). "Where is the vision for Christchurch?". The Press. 
  14. ^ "LIBERTY THEATRE AKA: SAVOY [1917–1993]". Canterbury Filmsociety. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  15. ^ Smith, Cullen (10 November 2005). "Christchurch at standstill for Donald funeral". NZ Herald. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  16. ^ "Warner’s Historic Hotel to Be Upgraded". Scoop. 16 November 2006. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  17. ^ Hutching, Chris (14 November 2006). "New owner secures historic pub's future". National Business Review. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  18. ^ http://www.fletcherconstruction.co.nz/projects.php?id=300&action=search&projectname=Warners%20Novotel%20Hotel
  19. ^ Heather, Ben (19 May 2011). "Landlords may be forced to sell at loss". The Press. p. A3. 
  20. ^ Wood, Alan (24 August 2011). "Moves afoot to reopen Marque in March". The Press. p. A13. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  21. ^ Heather, Ben (27 September 2011). "Historic Places Trust 'gutless' in face of Cera". The Press. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  22. ^ "Warner's Hotel after demolition, 5 Nov 2011". Commons. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  23. ^ Wood, Alan (29 July 2013). "Novotel almost ready to reopen doors". The Press. Fairfax NZ News. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 
  24. ^ "Novotel Christchurch celebrates reopening". Scoop. 22 August 2013. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 

External links[edit]