Warner Bros. Animation
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Warner Bros. Animation logo
|Headquarters||Burbank, CA, USA|
|Key people||Sam Register, EVP of Creative Affairs|
|Products||animated television programs, online shorts, animated theatrical and direct-to-video motion pictures|
|Parent||Warner Bros. Entertainment|
Warner Bros. Animation is the animation division of Warner Bros., a subsidiary of Time Warner. The studio is closely associated with the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies characters, among others. The studio is the successor to Warner Bros. Cartoons (formerly Leon Schlesinger Studios), the studio which produced Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies cartoon shorts from 1933 to 1963, and from 1967 to 1969. Warner reestablished its own animation division in 1980 to produce Looney Tunes related works.
Since 1990, Warner Bros. Animation has primarily focused upon the production of television and feature animation of other properties, notably including those related to Time Warner's DC Comics publications.
- 1 History
- 2 Filmography
- 3 See also
- 4 Notes
- 5 References
- 6 External links
1970-1986: Restarting the studio
The original Warner Bros. Cartoon studio, as well as all of Warner Bros.' short subject production divisions, closed in 1969 due to the rising costs and declining returns of short subject production. Outside animation companies were hired to produce new Looney Tunes-related animation for TV specials and commercials at irregular intervals. In 1976, Warner Bros. Cartoon alumnus Chuck Jones began producing a series of Looney Tunes specials at his Chuck Jones Productions animation studio, the first of which was Carnival of the Animals. These specials, and a 1975 Looney Tunes retrospective feature film titled Bugs Bunny: Superstar, led Jones to produce The Bugs Bunny/Road Runner Movie for Warner Bros. in 1979. This film blended classic Looney Tunes/Merrie Melodies shorts with newly produced wraparounds of Bugs Bunny introducing each cartoon. Warner Bros. responded to the success of this film by reestablishing its own cartoon studio.
Warner Bros. Animation reopened its doors in 1980 to produce compilation films and television specials starring the Looney Tunes characters. The studio's initial head was Hal Geer, who had been the original studio's sound effects editor during its final days, and he was soon joined by Friz Freleng, who left DePatie-Freleng (which became Marvel Productions after being sold to Marvel Entertainment), and returned to Warner as executive producer. Before leaving DFE, Freleng produced new animation for The Looney Looney Looney Bugs Bunny Movie (1981). The new wraparounds for Bugs Bunny's 3rd Movie: 1001 Rabbit Tales (1982) and Daffy Duck's Fantastic Island (1983) featured footage by a new Warner Bros. Animation staff, composed mainly of veterans from the golden age of WB cartoons, including writers John Dunn and Dave Detiege.
By 1986, Freleng had departed, and Hal Geer also stepped down the following year. Geer was briefly replaced by Steven S. Greene, who in turn was replaced by Freleng's former secretary Kathleen Helppie-Shipley, who would spearhead a major revival of the Looney Tunes brand in the years that followed. The studio continued production on special projects starring the Looney Tunes characters, sporadically producing new Looney Tunes shorts for theaters such as The Duxorcist (1987), Night of the Living Duck (1988), Box-Office Bunny (1990), and Carrotblanca (1995). Many of these shorts, as well as the new footage in the compilation film Daffy Duck's Quackbusters (which includes The Duxorcist), were directed by Greg Ford and Terry Lennon, as well as Darrell Van Citters.
1986-1998: Moving into television animation
Beginning in 1986, Warner Bros. moved into regular television animation production. Warners' television division was established by WB Animation President Jean MacCurdy, who brought in producer Tom Ruegger and much of his staff from Hanna-Barbera Productions' A Pup Named Scooby-Doo series. A studio for the television unit was set up in the office tower of the Imperial Bank Building adjacent to the Sherman Oaks Galleria northwest of Los Angeles. Darrell Van Citters, who used to work at Disney, would work on the newer Bugs Bunny shorts, before leaving to form Renegade Animation in 1992. The first Warner Bros. original animated TV series Tiny Toon Adventures (1990–1995) was produced in conjunction with Amblin Entertainment, and featured young cartoon characters based upon specific Looney Tunes stars, and was a success. Later Amblin/Warner Bros. television shows, including Animaniacs (1993–1998), its spin-off Pinky and the Brain (1995–1998), and Freakazoid! (1995–1997) followed in continuing the Looney Tunes tradition of cartoon humor.
Warner Bros. Animation also began developing shows based upon comic book characters owned by sister company DC Comics. These programs, including Batman: The Animated Series (1992–1995), Superman: The Animated Series (1996–2000), Batman Beyond (1999–2001), and Justice League/Justice League Unlimited (2001–2006) proved popular among both children and adults. These shows were part of the DC animated universe. A theatrical Batman spin-off feature, Mask of the Phantasm, was produced in 1993 and bumped up to theatrical release. The film was well received by critics but performed poorly at the box-office, though it eventually became a commercial success through its subsequent home video releases.
1994-2004: The rise and fall of Warner Bros. feature animation
Warner Bros., as well as several other Hollywood studios, moved into feature animation following the success of Disney's The Lion King in 1994. Max Howard, a Disney alumnus, was brought in to head the new division, which was set up in two studios: one in Sherman Oaks near the television studio, and the other in nearby Glendale. Turner Feature Animation, later merged and named Warner Bros. Feature Animation, like all of the in-house feature animation studios proved an unsuccessful venture, as four of the five films it produced failed to earn money during their original theatrical releases (due to lack of promotion). The first of Warners' animated features was Space Jam (1996), a live-action/animation mix which starred NBA star Michael Jordan opposite Bugs Bunny (Jordan had previously appeared with the Looney Tunes in a number of Nike commercials). Directed by Joe Pytka (live-action) and Bruce W. Smith and Tony Cervone (animation), Space Jam proved to be a success at the box office. Animation production for Space Jam was primarily done at the new Sherman Oaks studio, although much of the work was outsourced to animation studios around the world.
Before the success of Space Jam, a Turner Entertainment-run studio that spun off from Hanna-Barbera were already producing animated features following the success of the Disney features. The first was The Pagemaster, a fantasy adventure featuring the performances of Macaulay Culkin and Christopher Lloyd with live-action segments serving as bookends for the film's story. Released by 20th Century Fox, the film was a financial and critical disappointment during its holiday release of 1994. After the merger with Turner and Warner Bros. in 1996, Turner Feature Animation completed its second and last feature, Cats Don't Dance (1997), which was met with warm critical and audience reception but bombed thanks to little marketing and fanfare. By the time of Cats' release however, Turner Feature Animation had merged with Warner Feature Animation and transferred a majority of its staff from said studio. The following year, the next film, Quest for Camelot (1998), underwent severe production difficulties and was panned by both critics and audiences, but its soundtrack (especially one of the songs, "The Prayer") did receive some accolades. The third animated feature from Warner Feature Animation, Brad Bird's The Iron Giant (1999), performed greatly with test audiences but the studio decided to rush its release to the end of the summer with a very small marketing push. The studio's next film, Osmosis Jones (2001), was another animated/live action mix that suffered through another troubled production. This time, the animation segments, directed by Tom Sito and Piet Kroon, were completed long before the live-action segments were filmed, eventually directed by Bobby and Peter Farrelly and starring Bill Murray. The resulting film was a box office flop, although it was successful enough on home video for Warner's Television Animation department to produce a related short-lived Saturday morning cartoon, Ozzy & Drix for its WB broadcast network.
Following the releases of The Iron Giant and Osmosis Jones, the feature animation staff was scaled back, and the entire animation staff - feature and television - were moved to the larger Sherman Oaks facility. The final Warner Bros. Feature Animation production was another live-action/animation mix, Looney Tunes: Back in Action (2003), which was meant to be the starting point for a reestablishment of the classic cartoons brands, including a planned series of new Looney Tunes theatrical shorts. The newer Looney Tunes were produced by Back in Action writer and producer Larry Doyle. After Back in Action, directed by Joe Dante (live action) and Eric Goldberg (animation), received mixed reviews and failed at the box office, production was shut down on the new shorts and the feature animation unit was dissolved. Several TV series based loosely upon the Looney Tunes property, Baby Looney Tunes (2002-2005), Loonatics Unleashed (2005–2007), and The Looney Tunes Show (2011–present) have assumed the place of the original shorts on television.
1996-present: Acquisitions and Warner Bros. Animation today
Warners' parent company Time Warner merged with Turner Broadcasting System in 1996, not only reacquiring the rights to the pre-August 1948 color Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies (plus all the B&W Merrie Melodies except Lady, Play Your Mandolin! and the post-Harman/Ising B&W entries, which WB had held on to since 1967 after merging with Seven Arts Productions, which had owned that cartoon and the B&W Looney Tunes) but also taking on two more animation studios: Turner Feature Animation and Hanna-Barbera Cartoons. Turner Feature was immediately folded into Warner Bros. Feature Animation, while Hanna-Barbera merged with Warner Bros. Animation itself. Until 1998 Hanna-Barbera operated on its original lot at 3400 Cahuenga Blvd in Hollywood, CA, one of the last "big name" studios with an actual Hollywood zip code. Studio operations, archives, and its extensive animation art collection were then moved northwest to Sherman Oaks. Hanna-Barbera occupied space in the office tower adjacent to the Sherman Oaks Galleria along with Warner Bros. Animation.
With the death of William Hanna in 2001, Warner fully took over production of H-B related properties such as Scooby-Doo, producing a steady stream of Scooby direct-to-video films and two new series, What's New, Scooby-Doo? (2002–2005) and Shaggy & Scooby-Doo Get a Clue! (2006–2008). The Turner merger also gave WB access to the pre-1986 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer library, which included its classic cartoon library (including such characters as Tom and Jerry (curiously created by the H-B duo), Droopy, Barney Bear, and Screwy Squirrel). WBA has since co-produced a few direct-to-video films with Turner which starred Tom and Jerry. Besides producing content for the daytime market, Warner Bros. Animation also produced Baby Blues with sister company Warner Bros. Television and 3 South with MTV Animation for primetime.
The series which Hanna-Barbera had been producing for Turner's Cartoon Network before and during the Time Warner/Turner merger were shifted to production at Cartoon Network Studios, a sister company to Warner Bros. Animation. WBA is today exclusively involved in the production of animated television programming and direct-to-video features. It produced many of the shows airing on the Kids' WB Saturday morning programming block of The CW until May 24, 2008. These programs included Shaggy & Scooby-Doo Get a Clue!, Krypto the Superdog, Xiaolin Showdown, The Batman, and the aforementioned Loonatics Unleashed and Tom and Jerry Tales. By 2007, the studio had downsized significantly from its size during the late 1990s. Warner Bros. downsized the studio further in June, shut down the Sherman Oaks studio, and had Warner Bros. Animation moved to the Warner Bros. Ranch in Burbank, California. In early 2008 after the demise of Kids' WB!, Warner Bros. Animation became almost dormant with only Batman: The Brave and the Bold in production at the time.
To expand the company's online content presence, Warner Bros. Animation launched the new KidsWB.com (announced as T-Works) on April 28, 2008. The website gathers its core animation properties in a single online environment that is interactive and customizable for site visitors. The Kids WB offers both originally produced content along with classic animated episodes, games, and exploration of virtual worlds. Some of the characters to be used in the project from the Warner libraries include those of Looney Tunes, Hanna-Barbera, pre-1986 MGM animated characters and DC Comics.
On March 25, 2009, sister network Cartoon Network announced Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated in the Fall 2009-2010 season by Warner Bros. Animation. Warner Bros. Animation recently announced several new projects, such as The Looney Tunes Show (formerly called Laff Riot); a reboot of ThunderCats, and several series based on DC Comics properties such as MAD, Green Lantern, and Young Justice.
Warner Bros. Animation is also producing DC Showcase, a series of short subjects featuring lesser known comic book superheroes, to be released in tandem with direct-to-video films based on DC Comics properties.
On July 30, 2010 Coyote Falls, a 3D cartoon featuring Wile E. Coyote and Road Runner was released, being the first time WB Animation produced theatrically released content since The Karate Guard (the last Tom & Jerry short) in 2005, and the first time the animation studio used full CGI and stereoscopic 3D. Two more theatrical Road Runner cartoons have followed during the year (Fur of Flying and Rabid Rider). On June 8, 2011, three more shorts were announced: I Tawt I Taw A Puddy Tat with Sylvester, Tweety, and Granny, which was released with Happy Feet Two; Daffy's Rhapsody with Daffy Duck and Elmer Fudd, which was released with Journey 2: The Mysterious Island; and an untitled Wile E. Coyote and Road Runner short.
2013-present: The rise and success of Warner Animation Group
On January 2013, Jeff Robinov found a "think tank" for developing theatrical animated films, known as the Warner Animation Group. It was found as a worthy successor of the dissolved Warner Bros. Feature Animation thanks to a big promotion improvement. The group includes John Requa, Glenn Ficarra, Nicholas Stoller, Phil Lord and Chris Miller and Jared Stern. The box office receptions of their films will be competitive to Pixar, DreamWorks Animation, Vanguard Animation, Blue Sky Studios, Sony Pictures Imageworks, Prana Studios, O Entertainment, Industrial Light & Magic, Rhythm and Hues Studios, ImageMovers, Kanbar Entertainment, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Action Synthese, Sony Pictures Animation, Disney Toon Studios, Jim Henson's Creature Shop, Illumination Entertainment, RichCrest Animation Studios, Reel FX Creative Studios, Rainmaker Entertainment and ToonBox Entertainment.
On February 7, 2014, Warner Animation Group released their first film The Lego Movie, a film animated by Animal Logic using Lego Digital Designer and Autodesk Maya as the animation technologies, Houdini Effects as the effects technology, Autodesk Softimage as the lighting technology, Autodesk Inventor as the camera technology and shot in live-action using Steadicam. It met with an overwhelming critical acclaim and is currently proving to be a box office success.
On January 8, 2013 Warner Animation Group announced their second film Storks which will be releasing in 2015. On the same day, they announced their third film Smallfoot which will be releasing in 2016.
- The Bugs Bunny/Road Runner Movie (1979, co-produced by Chuck Jones Productions)
- The Looney Looney Looney Bugs Bunny Movie (1981, co-produced by DePatie-Freleng Enterprises)
- Bugs Bunny's 3rd Movie: 1001 Rabbit Tales (1982)
- Daffy Duck's Fantastic Island (1983)
- Daffy Duck's Quackbusters (1988)
- Batman: Mask of the Phantasm (1993)
- Space Jam* (1996)
- Quest for Camelot (1998)
- The Iron Giant (1999)
- Osmosis Jones* (2001)
- Looney Tunes: Back in Action* (2003)
- The Lego Movie* (2014)
- Storks (2015)
- Smallfoot (2016)
- The Lego Movie 2* (2017)
- Space Jam 2* (TBA)
An asterisk (*) indicates a live-action/animation combination film
- The Duxorcist (1987, released with Nuts)
- The Night of the Living Duck (1988, released with Daffy Duck's Quackbusters)
- Box-Office Bunny (1990, released with The NeverEnding Story II: The Next Chapter)
- Chariots of Fur (1994, released with Richie Rich)
- Carrotblanca (1995, released with The Amazing Panda Adventure (in the US) and The Pebble and the Penguin (outside the US))
- Another Froggy Evening (1995, limited release only)·
- From Hare to Eternity (1996, limited release only)
- Superior Duck (1996, released with Carpool)
- Pullet Surprise (1997, released with Cats Don't Dance)
- Father of the Bird (1997, limited release only)
- Little Go Beep (2000, limited release only)
- Dexter's Laboratory: Chicken Scratch (2002, released with The Powerpuff Girls Movie)
- The Karate Guard (2005, limited release only)
- Coyote Falls (2010, released with Cats & Dogs: The Revenge of Kitty Galore)
- Fur of Flying (2010, released with Legend of the Guardians: The Owls of Ga'Hoole)
- Rabid Rider (2010, released with Yogi Bear)
- I Tawt I Taw a Puddy Tat (2011, released with Happy Feet Two)
- Daffy's Rhapsody (2012, released with Journey 2: The Mysterious Island)
- The Bugs Bunny Show (1960–2000, several incarnations)
- Merrie Melodies Starring Bugs Bunny and Friends (1990–1994)
- That's Warner Bros.! (1995–1996)
- Bugs N' Daffy (1996–1999)
- The Daffy Duck Show (1996–1997)
- The Cat & Birdy Warneroonie Pinky Brainy Big Cartoonie Show (1999–2000)
- Tiny Toon Adventures (1990–1994, with Amblin Entertainment)
- Taz-Mania (1991–1995)
- Batman: The Animated Series (1992–1995)
- The Plucky Duck Show (1992, with Amblin Entertainment)
- Animaniacs (1993–1998, with Amblin Entertainment)
- The Sylvester & Tweety Mysteries (1995–2002)
- Pinky and the Brain (1995–1998 with Amblin Entertainment)
- Freakazoid! (1995–1997, with Amblin Entertainment)
- Road Rovers (1996–1997)
- Superman: The Animated Series (1996–2000)
- Waynehead (1996–1997, with Nelvana)
- The New Batman Adventures (1997–1999)
- Histeria! (1998–2000)
- Pinky, Elmyra & the Brain (1998–1999, with Amblin Entertainment)
- Batman Beyond (1999–2001)
- Detention (1999–2000)
- Baby Blues (most episodes, 2000–2002, with Warner Bros. Television)
- Static Shock (2000–2004)
- The Zeta Project (2001–2002)
- Justice League (2001–2004) (co-production with DC Comics)
- 3 South (2002–2003, with MTV Animation)
- Baby Looney Tunes (2002–2005)
- ¡Mucha Lucha! (2002–2005)
- Ozzy & Drix (2002–2004)
- What's New, Scooby-Doo? (2002–2005) (copyrighted to Hanna-Barbera Productions)
- Duck Dodgers (2003–2005)
- Teen Titans (2003–2006)
- Xiaolin Showdown (2003–2006)
- Justice League Unlimited (2004–2006) (co-production with DC Comics)
- The Batman (2004–2008)
- Krypto the Superdog (2005–2006)
- Firehouse Tales (2005–2008)
- Johnny Test (2005–present) (only the first season is produced by Warner Bros. Animation)
- Coconut Fred's Fruit Salad Island (2005–2006)
- Loonatics Unleashed (2005–2007)
- Tom and Jerry Tales (2006–2008) (co-production with Turner Entertainment)
- Shaggy & Scooby-Doo Get a Clue! (2006–2008) (copyrighted to Hanna-Barbera Productions)
- Legion of Super Heroes (2006–2008)
- Batman: The Brave and the Bold (2008–2011) (co-production with DC Comics)
- Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated (2010–2013) (co-production with Hanna-Barbera)
- Mad (2010–2013) (co-production with Mexopolis)
- Young Justice (2010–2013) (co-production with DC Comics)
- The Looney Tunes Show (2011–present) (co-production with Toon City Animation, Yearim, Rough Draft Korea, and Crew 972)
- ThunderCats (2011–2012) (co-production with Studio 4°C)
- Green Lantern: The Animated Series (2011–2013) (co-production with DC Comics)
- DC Nation Shorts (2011–present) (co-production with DC Comics)
- Teen Titans Go! (2013–present) (co-production with DC Comics)
- Beware the Batman (2013–present) (co-production with DC Comics)
- The Tom and Jerry Show (2014–present) (co-production with Turner Entertainment)
- Mike Tyson Mysteries (forthcoming 2014)
- Cool Like That: The Christmas Special (1993)
- A Miser Brothers' Christmas (2008)
- Scooby-Doo! Spooky Games (2012)
- Robot Chicken DC Comics Special (2012)
- Scooby-Doo! Haunted Holidays (2012)
- Scooby-Doo! and the Spooky Scarecrow (2013)
- Scooby Doo! Mecha Mutt Menace (2013)
- Robot Chicken DC Comics Special II (forthcoming 2014)
- Tiny Toon Adventures: How I Spent My Vacation (1992, with Amblin Entertainment)
- Batman & Mr. Freeze: SubZero (1998)
- Scooby-Doo on Zombie Island (1998)
- Wakko's Wish (1999, with Amblin Entertainment)
- Scooby-Doo! and the Witch's Ghost (1999)
- Tweety's High-Flying Adventure (2000)
- Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker (2000)
- Scooby-Doo and the Alien Invaders (2000)
- Scooby-Doo and the Cyber Chase (2001)
- Tom and Jerry: The Magic Ring (2001)
- Scooby-Doo! and the Legend of the Vampire (2002)
- Baby Looney Tunes' Eggs-traordinary Adventure (2003)
- Scooby-Doo! and the Monster of Mexico (2003)
- Batman: Mystery of the Batwoman (2003)
- Scooby-Doo! and the Loch Ness Monster (2004)
- Tom and Jerry: Blast Off to Mars (2004)
- ¡Mucha Lucha!: The Return of El Maléfico (2004)
- Kangaroo Jack: G'Day U.S.A.! (2004)
- Aloha, Scooby-Doo! (2005)
- The Batman vs. Dracula (2005)
- Scooby-Doo! in Where's My Mummy? (2005) (released theatrically in select cities by Kidtoon Films)
- Tom and Jerry: The Fast and the Furry (2005, released theatrically in select cities by Kidtoon Films)
- Bah, Humduck! A Looney Tunes Christmas (2006)
- Scooby-Doo! Pirates Ahoy! (2006)
- Tom and Jerry: Shiver Me Whiskers (2006)
- Superman: Brainiac Attacks (2006)
- Teen Titans: Trouble in Tokyo (2007)
- Superman: Doomsday (2007)
- Chill Out, Scooby-Doo! (2007)
- Tom and Jerry: A Nutcracker Tale (2007)
- Justice League: The New Frontier (2008)
- Batman: Gotham Knight (2008)
- Scooby-Doo! and the Goblin King (2008)
- Wonder Woman (2009)
- Green Lantern: First Flight (2009)
- Superman/Batman: Public Enemies (2009)
- Scooby-Doo! and the Samurai Sword (2009)
- Batman: Under the Red Hood (2010)
- Scooby-Doo! Abracadabra-Doo (2010)
- Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths (2010)
- Superman/Batman: Apocalypse (2010)
- Scooby-Doo! Camp Scare (2010)
- Tom and Jerry Meet Sherlock Holmes (2010)
- Scooby-Doo! Legend of the Phantosaur (2011)
- All-Star Superman (2011)
- Green Lantern: Emerald Knights (2011)
- Batman: Year One (2011)
- Tom and Jerry and the Wizard of Oz (2011)
- Batman: The Dark Knight Returns Part 1 (2012)
- Justice League: Doom (2012)
- Superman vs. The Elite (2012)
- Scooby-Doo! Music of the Vampire (2012)
- Big Top Scooby-Doo! (2012)
- Tom and Jerry: Robin Hood and His Merry Mouse (2012)
- Batman: The Dark Knight Returns Part 2 (2013)
- Superman: Unbound (2013)
- Lego Batman: The Movie – DC Super Heroes Unite (2013)
- Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox (2013)
- Scooby-Doo! Mask of the Blue Falcon (2013)
- Scooby-Doo! Adventures: The Mystery Map (2013)
- Scooby-Doo! Stage Fright (2013)
- Tom and Jerry's Giant Adventure (2013)
- JLA Adventures: Trapped in Time (2014)
- Justice League: War (2014)
- Son of Batman (2014)
- Scooby-Doo! WrestleMania Mystery (2014; with WWE Studios)
- Untitled Flintstones/WWE animated film (2015; with WWE Studios)
Direct-to-video short films
- Chase Me (2003)
- DC Showcase: The Spectre (2010)
- DC Showcase: Jonah Hex (2010)
- DC Showcase: Green Arrow (2010)
- Superman/Shazam!: The Return of Black Adam (2010)
- DC Showcase: Catwoman (2011)
- Maltin, Leonard (1980, rev. 1987). Of Mice and Magic. New York: Plume/Penguin Books. Pg. 273.
- Kenyon, Heather (April 1998) "An Afternoon with Max Howard, President, Warner Bros. Feature Animation". Animation World Network. Retrieved June 16, 2007.
- The latest released WB cartoon sold to a.a.p. was Haredevil Hare, released on July 24, 1948.
- ^ Shaw, Lucas (February 3, 2014). "Warner Bros. Already Working on Sequel to ‘The Lego Movie’ (Exclusive)". TheWrap.com. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
- "The LEGO Movie Sequel is Officially Set for May 26, 2017!". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved 2014-02-21.
- "Warner Bros. to Produce One "High-End" Animated Film Per Year; Nicholas Stoller, Phil Lord, and Chris Miller Among Filmmakers Developing Projects". Woodall's Campground Management. January 7, 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
- "The LEGO Movie Sequel is Officially Set for May 26, 2017!". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved 2014-02-21.
- Fleming Jr, Mike. "Animated ‘Flintsones’ Pic Adds Pro Wrestlers To Its Bedrock" Deadline.com (May 29, 2013).
- Chuck Amuck: The Life and Times of an Animated Cartoonist by Chuck Jones, published by Farrar Straus & Giroux, ISBN 978-0-374-12348-2
- Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons, Leonard Maltin, Revised Edition 1979, Plume ISBN 978-0-452-25993-5 (Softcover) ISBN 978-0-613-64753-3 (Hardcover)
- Warner Bros. official site
- Warner Bros. Animation at the Internet Movie Database
- Warner Bros. Cartoons Filmography