Warp printing

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Chiné silk, French, 1760s. LACMA, M.60.36.1

Warp printing is a fabric production method which combines textile printing and weaving to create a distinctively patterned fabric, usually in silk.[1] The warp threads of the fabric are printed before weaving to create a softly blurred, vague pastel-coloured pattern.[1][2] It was particularly fashionable in the eighteenth century for summer wear.[2]

The silk and taffeta fabrics produced by this technique have a variety of names, including chiné,[1] Pompadour taffeta (after Madame de Pompadour) and chiné à la branche.[2] Chiné velvet was also possible, although the technique was very difficult and expensive and only made in a few places in France in the eighteenth century.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Printing of Silk Warps for the Manufacture of Chiné Silk". Posselt's Textile Journal. December 1907. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Fukai, Akiko (2002). Fashion : the collection of the Kyoto Costume Institute : a history from the 18th to the 20th century. Köln [etc.]: Taschen. p. 56. ISBN 9783822812068. 
  3. ^ "Robe and petticoat". Victoria & Albert Museum. Retrieved 14 February 2013.