Warrandyte, Victoria

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Warrandyte
MelbourneVictoria
Yarra River at Warrandyte.jpg
The Yarra River flowing through Warrandyte
Warrandyte is located in Melbourne
Warrandyte
Warrandyte
Coordinates 37°44′17″S 145°13′23″E / 37.738°S 145.223°E / -37.738; 145.223Coordinates: 37°44′17″S 145°13′23″E / 37.738°S 145.223°E / -37.738; 145.223
Population 5,520 (2011)[1]
 • Density 456.2/km2 (1,182/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 3113
Elevation 113 m (371 ft)
Area 12.1 km2 (4.7 sq mi)
Location 24 km (15 mi) from Melbourne
LGA(s) City of Manningham
State electorate(s) Warrandyte
Federal Division(s) Menzies
Suburbs around Warrandyte:
Eltham Warrandyte North Wonga Park
Templestowe Warrandyte Wonga Park
Donvale Park Orchards Warrandyte South

Warrandyte is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 24 km north-east of Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the City of Manningham. At the 2011 Census, Warrandyte had a population of 5,520.

Warrandyte is bounded in the west by the Mullum Mullum Creek and Target Road, in the north by the Yarra River, in the east by Jumping Creek and Anzac Road, and in the south by an irregular line from Reynolds Road, north of Donvale, Park Orchards and Warrandyte South.

Warrandyte was founded as a Victorian town, located in the once gold-rich rolling hills east of Melbourne, and is now on the north-eastern boundary of suburban Melbourne. Gold was first discovered in the town in 1851 and together, with towns like Bendigo and Ballarat, led the way in gold discoveries during the Victorian gold rush. Today Warrandyte retains much of its past in its surviving buildings of the Colonial period and remains a twin community with North Warrandyte, which borders the Yarra River to its north.

Etymology[edit]

In Australian Aboriginal mythology (see dreamtime), a Wurundjeri dreamtime story tells of a great eagle; "the all powerful, ever watchful creator of the world", named Bunjil, who "once gazed down upon his people from the star Altair and saw their wrong doing. Awaiting their return, with a mighty crash of thunder, he hurled down a star to destroy them". Where the star struck created a gorge in which much of the town today is located. Bunjil's people remembered the spot, and referred to it as Warrandyte, speculated to mean "that which is thrown".[2]

History[edit]

Man panning for gold at Warrandyte, 1913
A quarry in Warrandyte, once used to mine stone for buildings and structures during the gold rush era

Pre-colonisation, the Wurundjeri people cared for the land. In 1839 Major Charles Newman and James Anderson arrived to Warrandyte and swiftly and brutally forced the Wurundjeri off their land. This forced dispossession led to resistance among the Wurundjeri. In 1840, the Battle of Yering occurred in Warrandyte between Anderson and his men and Jaga Jaga and his men. Historically, this was a major event in the Wurundjeri resistance to white settlement. In 1852 an Aboriginal Reserve was set up for the Wurundjeri people around Pound Bend, however as gold was recently discovered, this was to be short-lived. They held one last corroboree before moving on or staying to work in stations.

In 1851, gold was first discovered in Victoria, in Warrandyte, at Anderson's Creek, by Louis Michel, the approximate location of the site is marked by a cairn on Fourth Hill, in the Warrandyte State Park.[3] While some mining did occur in the area throughout the peak of the gold rush, it wasn't until the late 19th century, after gold discoveries reduced in the more popular regions, that the area around Warrandyte was intensively mined, particularly around Fourth Hill and Whipstick Gully. Some areas continued to be mined up until the 1960s. Warrandyte Post Office opened on 1 August 1857.[4]

Clara Southern, The Road to Warrandyte, ca. 1905–1910

In the early 20th century, Warrandyte became a popular destination for artists of the Heidelberg School, who sought subject matter further into the bush. This led to the development of an artists camp and small colony. Though not as substantial as the older colonies at Heidelberg and Box Hill, several artists, such as Clara Southern and Walter Withers, who were associated with the Heidelberg School, took up residence in Warrandyte.[5] Others followed, including Penleigh Boyd, Harold Herbert and Jo Sweatman.

Bushfires[edit]

Major bushfires have swept through Warrandyte throughout history, and the town was at the centre of the Black Friday bushfires in 1939, in which 71 people lost their lives. As well, the Black Saturday fires in Kinglake were 15 minutes away from North Warrandyte, in 2009. Major bushfires to have swept through Warrandyte include:

  • 1851 - 6 February "Black Thursday"
  • 1939 - 13 January "Black Friday"
  • 1962 - 14–16 January

Geography[edit]

Pound bend tunnel was created by gold miners during the gold rush to divert the Yarra River

Warrandyte is situated on the southern banks of the Yarra River. The river and hills surrounding the town were once rich in gold and the ruins of mineshafts and tunnels can be found throughout the Warrandyte State Park, amongst other locations. While the central town itself is nestled into a gorge on the river, the suburb covers a reasonably large area of land and can be divided up into the following sections:

Central Warrandyte comprises the main street of Ringwood-Warrandyte Road and Heidelberg-Warrandyte Road (Yarra Street), Pound Bend and the southern banks of the Yarra River.

Andersons Creek flows from neighbouring South Warrandyte and Warranwood into the Yarra just before the beginning of Pound Bend. This area is where several gullies converge and create a geographical hole, with Fourth Hill to the east and the hills on the eastern banks of the Mullum Mullum Creek to the west. This becomes evident when driving through Warrandyte on Heidelberg-Warrandyte Road, as the hills guide the road down towards Andersons Creek.

The Eastern banks of the Mullum Mullum Creek were home to vast orchards overflowing from neighbouring East Doncaster and as a result, much of the vegetation has been cleared. Today the area is covered in large residential properties due to local council regulations allowing land to be subdivided into larger sites.[citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

Deciduous trees allongside the main street in Warrandyte during autumn

Warrandyte is serviced primarily by the private car, however a bus service is run by Transdev, along the main roads of Ringwood-Warrandyte Road and Heidelberg-Warrandyte Road (Yarra Street). These two roads service the suburb by car as well as bus. Traffic flowing through Warrandyte usually contains residents traveling from or to East Doncaster, Wonga Park, North Warrandyte and Park Orchards, however, due to Warrandyte's geographical position, it can at times be used to travel to and from other suburbs.

Community[edit]

The Warrandyte Festival, one of the last remaining volunteer-run festivals in Victoria, is held every year in mid March. Typically, the festival features a variety of attractions. Many stalls sell local produce or crafts and there are numerous historical exhibits, as well as safety demonstrations by the CFA.

Facilities[edit]

Warrandyte contains a general post office, tennis courts, a community centre, an RSL, several Bed and Breakfasts, restaurants, a police station, a CFA Fire Station, two kindergartens, two recreational ovals (AFL Football and Cricket), Warrandyte Community Church, Uniting and Anglican places of worship, Andersons Creek Cemetery and a Scout hall, canoe launching ramps, a skatepark, nurseries and tearooms and the Crystal Brook Holiday Centre.[3]

Educational Facilities in Warrandyte:

Places of Worship:
St Stephen's Anglican Church, Stiggants Road [6]

Shopping Strips & Centres in Warrandyte:

  • Goldfields Plaza
  • Street Shops either side of the Main Roads, around the main bridge.

Parklands and recreation[edit]

Cockatoos at the Stonehouse Cafe in Warrandyte
19th century Victorian house, converted into a shop, on Yarra Street, Warrandyte

Activities include walking, bike riding, mountain biking, tennis, basketball, football (AFL), cricket, swimming in the Yarra River, canoeing, kayaking, skateboarding and bushwalking, among many others.

Parks, Gardens and Reserves in Warrandyte:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Warrandyte (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Warrandyte Diary, Number 389, August 2006."
  3. ^ a b Melway Edition 33 2006 (Pages 22,23,24,34,35 & 36)
  4. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008 
  5. ^ Hammond, Victoria; Peers, Juliet. Completing the Picture: Women Artists and the Heidelberg Era. Artmoves, 1992. ISBN 0-646-07493-8, p. 26
  6. ^ a b The Church by the River, St Stephen's Church, retrieved 11 February 2014