Warren, Ohio

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Not to be confused with Warren County, Ohio.
Warren, Ohio
City
City of Warren
Warren City Hall
Warren City Hall
Motto: "Historic Capital of the Western Reserve"
Location within the state of Ohio
Location within the state of Ohio
Coordinates: 41°14′18″N 80°48′52″W / 41.23833°N 80.81444°W / 41.23833; -80.81444Coordinates: 41°14′18″N 80°48′52″W / 41.23833°N 80.81444°W / 41.23833; -80.81444
Country United States
State Ohio
County Trumbull
Founded 1801
Government
 • Mayor William D. Franklin
Area[1]
 • City 16.16 sq mi (41.85 km2)
 • Land 16.13 sq mi (41.78 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation 892 ft (272 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City 41,557
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 40,723
 • Density 2,576.4/sq mi (994.8/km2)
 • Metro 565,773
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 44481-44488
Area code(s) 330
FIPS code 39-80892
GNIS feature ID 1084083[4]
Website http://www.warren.org

Warren is a city in the State of Ohio and is the county seat of Trumbull County.[5] The municipality is located in northeastern Ohio, approximately 14 miles (23 km) northwest of Youngstown and 15 miles (24 km) west of the Pennsylvania state line.

The population was 41,557 at the 2010 census. Warren is part of the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Ephraim Quinby founded Warren in 1798, on 441 acres (1.78 km2) of land that he purchased from the Connecticut Land Company, as part of the Connecticut Western Reserve. Quinby named the town for the town's surveyor, Moses Warren. The town became the Trumbull County seat in 1801.[6]

In 1833, Warren contained county buildings, two printing offices, a bank, five mercantile stores, and about 600 inhabitants.[7]

Warren had a population of nearly 1,600 people in 1846. In that same year the town had five churches, twenty stores, three newspaper offices, one bank, one woolen factory and two flourmills. In June 1846, a fire destroyed several buildings on one side of the town square, but residents soon replaced them with new stores and other businesses. Warren became an important center of trade for farmers living in the surrounding countryside during this period. Songwriter Stephen Foster, his wife Jane McDowell, and their daughter Marion lived briefly in Warren.

During the latter decades of the nineteenth century and throughout the twentieth century, Warren remained an important trading and manufacturing center. By 1888, four railroads connected the community with other parts of Ohio. In that same year, there were five newspaper offices, seven churches, three banks and numerous manufacturing firms in Warren. The businesses manufactured a wide variety of products including linseed oil, furniture, barrel staves, wool fabric, blinds, incandescent bulbs, automobiles[8] and carriages. Warren was the first town in the U.S. that got an electric street illumination, provided by the Packard Electric Company, founded 1890 in Warren.[8] Warren's population was 5,973 people in 1890. Construction began on the Trumbull County Courthouse in downtown Warren on Thanksgiving Day, 1895.[9]

Warren continued to grow in the twentieth century. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, steel production was a major industry in the county because of large deposits of coal and iron ore in surrounding counties. In recent years, many Warren residents have worked in local service and retail sales businesses. In 2000, Warren was Trumbull County's most populated community, with 46,832 residents. Many examples of late 19th and early 20th century architectural styles still stand in downtown Warren, including the Trumbull County Courthouse, which contains one of the largest courtrooms in the state of Ohio and the Trumbull County Carnegie Law Library in addition to office buildings, banks, stores, and homes surrounding the Courthouse Square area.[10]

Geography[edit]

Warren is located at 41°14′18″N 80°48′52″W / 41.23833°N 80.81444°W / 41.23833; -80.81444 (41.238206, −80.814554).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.16 square miles (41.85 km2), of which, 16.13 square miles (41.78 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1840 1,996 —    
1850 —    
1860 2,402 —    
1870 3,457 +43.9%
1880 4,428 +28.1%
1890 5,973 +34.9%
1900 8,529 +42.8%
1910 11,081 +29.9%
1920 27,050 +144.1%
1930 41,062 +51.8%
1940 42,837 +4.3%
1950 49,856 +16.4%
1960 59,648 +19.6%
1970 63,494 +6.4%
1980 55,471 −12.6%
1990 50,793 −8.4%
2000 46,832 −7.8%
2010 41,557 −11.3%
2012 40,723 −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2012 Estimate[13]

95.5% spoke English, 1.6% Greek, 1.1% Spanish, and 0.9% Italian in their homes.[14]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 41,557 people, 17,003 households, and 10,013 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,576.4 inhabitants per square mile (994.8 /km2). There were 20,384 housing units at an average density of 1,263.7 per square mile (487.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 67.7% White, 27.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

There were 17,003 households of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.8% were married couples living together, 21.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.1% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 38.3 years. 23.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.2% were from 25 to 44; 25.9% were from 45 to 64; and 16% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 46,832 people, 19,288 households and 12,035 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,912.4 people per square mile (1,124.5/km²). There were 21,279 housing units at an average density of 1,322.9 per square mile (510.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 60.94% White, 36.20% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races and 1.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.04% of the population.

There were 19,288 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.4% were married couples living together, 19.4% had a female householder with no husband present and 37.6% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18–24, 27.3% from 25–44, 21.0% from 45–64 and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,147 and the median income for a family was $36,158. Males had a median income of $32,317 versus $23,790 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,808. About 16.2% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.8% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Attractions[edit]

Some of the attractions in Warren are:

  • The world's first two-story McDonalds (dedicated to Ray Kroc).
  • Museums such as National Packard Museum, the John Stark Edwards House and Museum, the Sutliff Museum and the Trumbull Art Gallery.[16]
  • The Packard Music Hall provides its users, guests and community a venue for civic, arts and entertainment events.[17]
  • Packard Park
  • The Neil Armstrong First Flight Memorial.[16]
  • Perkin's Park
  • The Women's Park

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ ABOUT WARREN: "Early History". – City of Warren, Ohio.
  7. ^ Kilbourn, John (1833). "The Ohio Gazetteer, or, a Topographical Dictionary". Scott and Wright. p. 468. Retrieved December 12, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c "Packard, a history of the motor car and the company – General edition – Beverly Rae Kimes, Editor – 1978 Automobile Quarterly", ISBN 0-915038-11-0
  9. ^ http://www.co.trumbull.oh.us/tccourthouse.htm
  10. ^ http://www.co.trumbull.oh.us/tclaw.htm
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 21, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved November 21, 2013. 
  14. ^ https://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=39&place_id=80892&cty_id=
  15. ^ SPACE.com – Neil Armstrong – Apollo 11 Mission Commander
  16. ^ a b Warren, Ohio
  17. ^ W.D. Packard Music Hall

External links[edit]