Warren Jeffs

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Warren Jeffs
Jeffs ws1.jpg
FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives
Charges Rape as an accomplice (two counts)[1][2]
Description
Born (1955-12-03) December 3, 1955 (age 58)
Sacramento, California, United States
Occupation Leader of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
Parents Rulon Jeffs and Marilyn Steed
Status
Penalty Sentenced to life in prison plus 20 years
Status Convicted[3]
Added May 6, 2006
Caught August 29, 2006
Number 482
Captured

Warren Steed Jeffs (born December 3, 1955) is a former president of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (FLDS Church).[4] In 2011, Jeffs was convicted of two felony counts of child sexual assault.[5]

Jeffs gained international notoriety in May 2006 when he was placed on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted List for unlawful flight to avoid prosecution on Utah state charges related to his alleged arrangement of illegal marriages between his adult male followers and underage girls. He was arrested in August 2006 in Nevada, and agreed to be taken to Utah for trial. In May and July 2007, Arizona charged him with eight additional counts, including sexual conduct with minors and incest, in two separate cases.[6]

His Utah trial, which began in early September 2007 in St. George, lasted less than a month, and on September 25 he was convicted of two counts of rape as an accomplice.[7] On November 20, 2007, Jeffs was sentenced to imprisonment for 10 years to life and began serving his sentence at the Utah State Prison. However, the conviction was overturned by the Utah Supreme Court on July 27, 2010, due to incorrect jury instructions.[8]

Jeffs was extradited by Utah to Texas, where he was found guilty of sexual assault and aggravated sexual assault of children in connection with a raid of the FLDS Church's YFZ Ranch in 2008.[9] After the jury had deliberated for less than 30 minutes, Jeffs was sentenced to life in prison plus 20 years, to be served consecutively, and a $10,000 fine for sexual assault of both 12- and 15-year-old girls.[10]

Biography[edit]

Jeffs is the son of Rulon Jeffs and Marilyn Steed, the daughter of Woodruff Steed.[11] His father, the leader of the FLDS Church at his death, was survived by 19 or 20 wives and had about 60 children.[12] No information is available about Warren Jeffs on the FLDS Church's website, but according to the BBC Storyville programme "Leaving the Cult", he has 31 daughters.[13]

Jeffs' official title in the FLDS Church was "President and Prophet, Seer and Revelator". He also held the title of "President of the Priesthood," which meant that he was the head of the organization of all adult male church members that were deemed worthy to hold the church's priesthood. Jeffs was a counselor to his father, Rulon Jeffs, when the elder Jeffs held these leadership positions; upon the death of Rulon Jeffs in 2002, Warren Jeffs succeeded him and became FLDS Church leader.[14]

One of Jeffs' statements after his father's death was directed at high-ranking officials in the FLDS Church: "I won't say much, but I will say this—hands off my father's wives." Addressing the recent widows, he said, "You women will live as if Father is still alive and in the next room." Within a week, Jeffs had married all but two of his father's wives; one fled the compound, the other simply refused to marry Jeffs and was subsequently prohibited from ever marrying again. One of his father's wives, Rebecca Wall (the sister of Elissa Wall who was instrumental in Warren's incarceration), left the sect and ended up marrying Jeffs' nephew. One of the first to marry Jeffs was Naomi Jessop, who became his favorite wife and confidant, and who was with him when he was arrested.[15]

Jeffs, the sole individual in the church who possessed the authority to perform its marriages, was responsible for assigning wives to husbands. Jeffs also held the authority to discipline wayward male believers by "reassigning their wives, children and homes to another man."[16]

The FLDS Church owns essentially all of the homes and real estate in the areas where its members reside. The church also appears to exercise substantial, if not complete, control over the children born into the congregation. Male subjects are reported to have been frequently exiled from the church due to their alleged competition with the elder male members of the church for the limited number of suitable marriage candidates.

In 2000, the Colorado City Unified School District had more than 1200 students enrolled. When the FLDS Church decided to remove its members' children from public schools, enrollment decreased to around 250. Jeffs, however, did not require his church members, who made up the majority of the school district's administrators, to quit their positions.[17]

Until courts in Utah intervened, Jeffs controlled almost all of the land in Colorado City, Arizona, and Hildale, Utah, which was part of a church trust, the United Effort Plan (UEP). The land has been estimated to be worth over $100 million. Currently, all UEP assets are in the custody of the Utah court system pending further litigation. As the result of a November 2012 court decision, much of the UEP land is to be sold to those who live on it.[18]

In January 2004, Jeffs expelled a group of 20 men from Colorado City, including the mayor, and reassigned their wives and children to other men in the community. Jeffs, like his predecessors, continued the standard FLDS and Mormon fundamentalist tenet that faithful men must follow what is known as the doctrine of "celestial" or plural marriage in order to attain exaltation in the afterlife. Jeffs specifically taught that a devoted church member is expected to have at least three wives in order to get into heaven, and the more wives a man has, the closer he is to heaven.[19] Former church members claim that Jeffs himself has seventy wives.[20]

Before his 2006 arrest, Jeffs had last been seen on January 1, 2005, near Eldorado, Texas, at the dedication ceremony of the foundation of a large and elaborate FLDS Church temple on the YFZ Ranch. The ranch came into the public eye when Texas authorities took legal custody of 416 children on April 7, 2008, when a 16-year-old girl reportedly phoned to report abuse. The girl in the report claimed to have said that she was married to a 50-year-old man and had, at age 15, given birth to his child. However, residents told authorities that there was in fact no such girl; the calls were ultimately traced to a woman totally unconnected to the FLDS Church, Rozita Swinton, and known for repeated instances of filing false reports. Nevertheless, Texas authorities continued to investigate whether it was a hoax.[21] The children and women who were suspected of being minors were returned after Texas courts established that the state had not presented sufficient evidence of abuse to have removed all of the women and children.

On June 10, 2006, Arizona Attorney General Terry Goddard told the Deseret Morning News that he had heard from several sources that Jeffs had returned to Arizona, and had performed marriage ceremonies in a mobile home that was being used as a wedding chapel.[22]

On March 27, 2007, the Deseret Morning News reported that Jeffs had renounced his role as prophet of the FLDS Church in a conversation with his brother Nephi. Nephi quoted him as saying he was "the greatest of all sinners" and that God never called him to be a prophet.[23] Jeffs and his defense team had no comment on the statement.[citation needed] Rumors suggest it was a lie from his brother Nephi, who was trying to usurp his brother's role, while more rumors circulated saying Jeffs must step down as prophet so a new man could perform marriages and continue adding wives to the men of the community.[citation needed] An unnamed source said that Jeffs retracted his statement to Nephi.[citation needed] However, the veracity of that source was called into question when Jeffs presented a handwritten note to the judge at the end of trial on March 27 saying that he was not a prophet of the FLDS Church.[24]

On November 7, 2007, the Washington County Attorney's Office released video of jailhouse conversations between Nephi and Jeffs. In the videos, Jeffs renounces his prophethood, claiming that God had told him that if he revealed that he was not the rightful prophet, and was a "wicked man", he would still gain a place in the telestial kingdom.[25] Jeffs also admits to what he calls "immoral actions with a sister and a daughter" when he was 20 years old.[26] Other records show that while incarcerated, Jeffs tried to commit suicide by banging his head against the walls and trying to hang himself.[27]

Jeffs formally resigned as president of the FLDS Church effective November 20, 2007.[28] In an email to the Deseret Morning News, Jeffs' attorneys made the following statements: "Mr. Jeffs has asked that the following statement be released to the media and to members of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints .... Mr. Jeffs resigned as President of the Corporation of the President of The Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Inc." The statement does not address his ecclesiastical position as prophet of the FLDS Church, and many in the FLDS communities still regard him as the prophet and their current leader.[28] There are also reports that Jeffs admitted his position of prophet in the FLDS Church was a usurpation in a conversation to his brother, and declared that "Brother William E. Jessop has been the prophet since [my] Father's passing", though Jeffs' attorneys have claimed he misspoke.[29][30][31] In early 2011, Jeffs retook legal control of the denomination.[5][32]

On August 9, 2011, Jeffs was sentenced to life in prison.[10] Jurors deliberated for 40 minutes before ordering Jeffs to serve life in prison for one count of aggravated sexual assault of a child and 20 years in prison for one count of sexual assault of a child. They also determined Jeffs must pay a $10,000 fine.[33]

Sex crime allegations and FBI's Most Wanted[edit]

In July 2004, Jeffs' nephew, Brent Jeffs, filed a lawsuit against him alleging that in the late 1980s his uncle sodomized him in the Salt Lake Valley compound then owned by the FLDS Church. Brent Jeffs said he was five or six years old at the time, and that Jeffs' brothers, also named in the lawsuit, watched and participated in the abuse. Two of Jeffs' other nephews also made similar abuse claims against him. One of the alleged victims, Clayne Jeffs, committed suicide with a firearm after accusing Jeffs of sexually assaulting him as a child.[34]

In June 2005, Jeffs was charged with sexual assault on a minor and with conspiracy to commit sexual misconduct with a minor for allegedly arranging, in April 2001, a marriage between a then-14-year-old girl and her 19-year-old first cousin, Allen. The young woman, Elissa Wall (then only known as "Jane Doe IV"), testified that she begged "Uncle Rulon" to let her wait until she was older, or choose another man for her. Rulon Jeffs was apparently "sympathetic", but Warren Jeffs was not, and she was forced to go through with the marriage. Wall alleged that her new husband raped her repeatedly and that she repeatedly miscarried. She eventually left Allen and the community. Jeffs faced the above charges in Mohave County, Arizona. In July 2005, the Arizona Attorney General's office distributed wanted posters offering $10,000 for information leading to Jeffs' arrest and conviction.

In late 2005, Jeffs was put on the FBI's most wanted fugitive list, offering $60,000 for information leading to his arrest. Shortly after being placed on the FBI list, Jeffs was featured on the television program America's Most Wanted.

Around this time, Jeffs' brother Seth was arrested under suspicion of harboring a fugitive. During a routine traffic stop on October 28, 2005, in Pueblo County, Colorado, police found nearly $142,000 in cash, about $7,000 worth of prepaid debit cards, and Jeffs' personal records. During Seth Jeffs' court case, FBI agent Andrew Stearns testified that Seth had told him that he did not know where his older brother was and that he would not reveal his whereabouts if he did. He was convicted of harboring a fugitive on May 1, 2006.[35] On July 14, 2006, he was sentenced to three years' probation and a $2500 fine.[36]

On April 5, 2006, Utah issued an arrest warrant for Jeffs on felony charges of accomplice rape of a teenage girl between 14 and 18 years old.[37] Shortly after, on May 6, 2006, the FBI placed Jeffs on its Top Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list.[38] He was the 482nd fugitive listed on that list. In addition, the bounty on his head was raised to $100,000, and the public was warned that "Jeffs may travel with a number of loyal and armed bodyguards".[39]

The updated posters warned that Jeffs had ties to Utah, Arizona, Texas, Colorado, South Dakota, British Columbia, and Quintana Roo. There was also information that he had ties to some rural farms run by some of his followers near Pioche, Nevada, as well as construction companies in Mesquite, Nevada.[40]

On May 27, 2006, Bruce Wisan, the court-appointed accountant in charge of the FLDS Church's trust fund, filed civil suits against Jeffs. Wisan claimed that Jeffs is responsible for "fleecing trust assets". Along with church leaders, former trustees Truman Barlow, Leroy Jeffs, James Zitting, and William Jessop were also named as defendants. "We feel that they've taken things from the trust," Wisan said. "Their actions have caused harm to the trust."[41]

On June 8, 2006, Jeffs returned to Colorado City to perform more "child bride" marriages.[42]

On May 27, 2008, the Smoking Gun website released images of Jeffs with two under-aged wives, one of whom was 12 years old, celebrating one-year anniversaries in 2005 and 2006.[43]

Arrest, trial and conviction[edit]

On August 28, 2006, around 9 pm Pacific time, Jeffs was pulled over on Interstate 15 in Clark County, Nevada, by Highway Trooper Eddie Dutchover because Jeffs' red 2007 Cadillac Escalade's temporary license plates were not visible. One of Jeffs' wives, Naomi, and his brother Isaac were with him, and Jeffs had four computers, 16 cell phones, disguises (including three wigs and 12 pairs of sunglasses), and more than $55,000 in cash. His wife and brother were questioned and released.[44][45][46]

In a Nevada court hearing on August 31, 2006, Jeffs waived extradition and agreed to return to Utah[47] to face two first-degree felony charges of accomplice rape.[37] Each charge carries an indeterminate penalty of five years to life in prison. Arizona prosecutors were next in line to try Jeffs. He was held in the Washington County, Utah, jail pending an April 23, 2007, trial on two counts of rape as an accomplice for his role in arranging a 2002 marriage between a 14-year-old girl and her 19-year-old first cousin.[48]

Jeffs was believed to be leading his group from jail, and a Utah state board expressed dissatisfaction in dealing with Hildale police, believing that many members of the force had ties to Jeffs, and as such, did not cooperate.[49] In May and July 2007, he was indicted in Arizona on eight counts, including sexual conduct with a minor and incest.[6]

Jeffs' trial ran from September 11 to September 25, 2007. The trial was held in St. George, Utah, with Judge James L. Shumate presiding. Jeffs was housed in Utah's Purgatory Correctional Facility in solitary confinement for the duration. At the culmination of the trial, on September 25, 2007, Jeffs was found guilty of two counts of being an accomplice to rape.[50] He was sentenced to prison for 10 years to life and began serving his sentence at the Utah State Prison.[51] On July 27, 2010, the Utah Supreme Court, citing deficient jury instructions, reversed Jeffs' convictions and ordered a new trial.[52] His accuser, Elissa Wall, wrote an autobiography on her experiences in the FLDS Church and with Jeffs entitled Stolen Innocence.

Jeffs was also scheduled to be tried in Arizona.[53] He had entered a not guilty plea on February 27, 2008, to sex charges stemming from the arranged marriages of three teenage girls to older men.[54] On June 9, 2010, a state judge, at the request of the prosecutor, dismissed all charges with prejudice (meaning that he cannot be retried on these allegations).[55] In August 2011, he was convicted in San Angelo, Texas, of child sexual assault for intercourse with a 15-year-old as well as aggravated sexual assault for intercourse with a 12-year-old.[3] During the sentencing phase, his nephew testified to having been raped since he was five years old, and his niece testified to having been raped since she was seven years old. On August 9, 2011, Jeffs was convicted on two counts of sexual assault of a child[56] and sentenced to life in prison.[10][57] Jeffs, Texas Department of Criminal Justice #01726705, will be eligible for parole on July 22, 2038.[58]

Prison life[edit]

On July 9, 2008, Jeffs was taken from jail in Arizona to a Nevada hospital for what the sheriff described as a serious medical problem. Mohave County Sheriff Tom Sheahan did not specify Jeffs' medical problem, but said it was serious enough to move him about 100 miles from Kingman Regional Medical Center to the Nevada hospital.[59]

Jeffs has engaged in lengthy hunger strikes, which his doctors and attorneys have claimed were for spiritual reasons. In August 2009, Superior Court Judge Steve Conn ordered that Jeffs be force fed. Thereafter, Jeffs was fed through a stomach feeding tube.[60] On August 29, 2011, Jeffs was taken to East Texas Medical Center, Tyler, Texas, and hospitalized in critical condition under a medically induced coma after excessive fasting. Officials were not sure how long he would remain hospitalized, but expected Jeffs to live.[61]

Jeffs is incarcerated at the Louis C. Powledge Unit of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice near Palestine, Texas.[62]

In December 2012, Jeffs predicted that the world would end before the year 2013 and called for his followers to prepare for the end.[63]

Jesus Christ Message to All Nations[edit]

While incarcerated at Louis C. Powledge Unit, Jeffs penned a book purported to be revelations of Jesus Christ delivered to Jeffs. This book is entitled Jesus Christ Message to All Nations and includes several directives to set Jeffs free.[64]

Statements on black people[edit]

In 2005, the Southern Poverty Law Center's Intelligence Report published the following statements made by Jeffs:

  • "The black race is the people through which the devil has always been able to bring evil unto the earth."
  • "[Cain was] cursed with a black skin and he is the father of the Negro people. He has great power, can appear and disappear. He is used by the devil, as a mortal man, to do great evils."
  • "Today you can see a black man with a white woman, et cetera. A great evil has happened on this land because the devil knows that if all the people have Negro blood, there will be nobody worthy to have the priesthood."
  • "If you marry a person who has connections with a Negro, you would become cursed."[65]

Popular culture[edit]

In print[edit]

  • Singular, Stephen (2008). When Men Become Gods. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-37248-4.  A book about Jeffs and the FLDS Church, which chronicles the details of Jeffs' rise to power, the activities of church members in Colorado City and Hildale and their trials.
  • Wall, Elissa; Pulitzer, Lisa (2008). Stolen Innocence. New York: William Morrow. ISBN 978-0-06-162801-6.  An autobiography about a girl inside the FLDS Church and her experiences in the community and her escape as well as her accounts in the Jeffs trial.
  • Jeffs, Brent W.; Szalavitz, Maia (2009). Lost Boy. New York: Broadway Books. ISBN 978-0-7679-3177-9.  An autobiography concerning his youth and interactions with his uncle Warren.
  • Brower, Sam (2011). Prophet's Prey: My Seven-Year Investigation into Warren Jeffs and the Fundamentalist Church of Latter-Day Saints. New York: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-1-60819-275-5.  Private Investigator Brower's account of his research about Jeffs and the FLDS Church and pursuit of justice for them.
  • Weyermann, Debra (2011). Answer Them Nothing: bringing down the polygamous empire of Warren Jeffs. Chicago: Chicago Review Press. ISBN 978-1-56976-531-9.  Documents the history of the FLDS Church, including Jeffs' role.

Films and documentaries[edit]

  • In 2006, Pawel Gula and Tom Elliott produced the documentary feature Damned to Heaven.[66] The film premiered in Europe at the Kraków Film Festival in Poland. In September 2007, it premiered in the U.S. at the Temecula Valley International Film Festival, where it received honors in the Best Documentary category. The film investigates the practice of plural marriage, and includes 20 minutes of Jeffs' original teachings, recorded for the purpose of educating followers.
  • The documentary film Banking on Heaven was released in 2006. It documents Jeffs and the FLDS Church in Colorado City, Arizona.
  • On July 19, 2006, Britain's Channel 4 ran the documentary The Man with 80 Wives. The program featured presenter Sanjiv Bhattacharya's unsuccessful search for Jeffs in Colorado, Utah, and Texas.
  • On April 9, 2012, the National Geographic Channel aired a 45-minute documentary,"I Escaped a Cult", about three ex-members of religious cults. One story featured Brent Jeffs, nephew of Jeffs, whose testimony was critical in getting Jeffs convicted.[67]
  • On June 28, 2014, Lifetime aired a movie called Outlaw Prophet: Warren Jeffs starring Tony Goldwyn. It is an adaptation of the non-fiction book When Men Become Gods (2009) by Stephen Singular.[68][69]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US polygamy sect leader sentenced". BBC News. November 20, 2007. Retrieved May 27, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Felony Rape as an Accomplice Charges Against Warren Steed Jeffs, the FLDS Sect Leader and Polygamist". FindLaw.com. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Texas: Polygamist Leader Convicted". The New York Times. Associated Press. August 4, 2011. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  4. ^ The FLDS Church was founded in the early-twentieth century when the founders deemed the renunciation of polygamy by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) to be apostate. There is thus no official connection between the FLDS Church and the LDS Church: "Polygamy". Newsroom. LDS Church. Retrieved October 13, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Wagner, Dennis (February 24, 2011). "Jailed sect leader retakes legal control of church". USA Today. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b CNN (July 12, 2007). "Sect leader indicted on sexual conduct with minor, incest charges". CNN. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  7. ^ Jeffs Found Guilty on Both Counts September 25, 2007[dead link]
  8. ^ Metcalf, Dan Jr.; Vanocur, Chris (July 27, 2010). "Utah Supreme Court reverses Warren Jeffs conviction". ABC 4.com. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Jeffs arrives in Texas". statesman.com. December 1, 2010. Retrieved December 1, 2010. 
  10. ^ a b c Whitehurst, Lindsay (August 11, 2011). "Warren Jeffs gets life in prison for sex with underage girls". Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved September 4, 2011. 
  11. ^ "The Wives of Warren and Rulon Jeffs". FLDS Texas. Retrieved 14 June 2013. [unreliable source?]
  12. ^ Janofsky, Michael (September 15, 2002). "Mormon Leader Is Survived by 33 Sons and a Void". New York Times. Retrieved September 4, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Storyville, 2010–2011, Leaving the Cult". Beta.bbc.co.uk. July 5, 2010. Retrieved July 28, 2010.  Summary still available, video[dead link].
  14. ^ "The FLDS Church (Fundamentalist LDS Church)". mormonfundamentalism.com. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
    "Timeline: History of polygamy". CBC. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  15. ^ Warren Jeffs at Notable Names Database
  16. ^ Goodwyn, Wade; Berkes, Howard; Walters, Amy (May 3, 2005). "Warren Jeffs and the FLDS". NPR. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  17. ^ Fischer, Howard (August 11, 2005). "State officials prepare to seize control of Colorado City school district". Arizona Daily Star. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Court upholds sale of polygamous church assets" by Paul Foy, Associated Press, November 5, 2012.
  19. ^ Cooper, Anderson, ed. (May 2006). "Anderson Cooper Blog 360°". CNN. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
    Tuchman, Gary (May 10, 2006). "Polygamists claim it's all about love". Cooper 2006. 
    Sanchez, Rick (May 10, 2006). "Fort Knox has nothing on polygamist compound". Cooper 2006. 
    Cooper, Anderson (May 10, 2006). "Polygamous group exists in a different world". Cooper 2006. 
    Schuster, Henry (May 11, 2006). "The other fundamentalist polygamist". Cooper 2006. 
    Kaye, Randi (May 11, 2006). "How polygamy affects your wallet". Cooper 2006. 
  20. ^ Egan, 2005.[full citation needed]
  21. ^ "Texas takes legal custody of 401 sect children". CNN. April 7, 2008. Archived from the original on April 11, 2008. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  22. ^ "Ariz. AG: Fugitive Polygamist Has Returned". comcast.news. Associated Press. June 10, 2006. Archived from the original on April 11, 2008. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  23. ^ Winslow, Ben (March 27, 2007). "A prophet no more? Jeffs called himself a 'sinner' in jailhouse conversation". Deseret Morning News. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  24. ^ Adams, Brooke (April 5, 2007). "Mystery note: Jeffs may have abdicated polygamist prophet role". Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  25. ^ Winslow, Ben; Perkins, Nancy (November 8, 2007). "Released video shows emotional Jeffs in jail". Deseret Morning News. Retrieved November 11, 2007. 
  26. ^ Johnson, Kirk (November 2, 2007). "In Recordings From Jail, Polygamist Had Doubts". New York Times. Retrieved November 11, 2007. 
  27. ^ "Polygamist Jeffs tried to hang himself in jail, documents say". CNN. November 7, 2007. Retrieved November 11, 2007. 
  28. ^ a b Perkins, Nancy (December 5, 2007). "Warren Jeffs resigns as leader of the FLDS Church". Deseret Morning News. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  29. ^ Adams, Brooke (November 2007). "Polygamy Files: The Tribune's blog on the plural life". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  30. ^ Adams, Brooke (November 28, 2007). "To be or not to be a prophet". Adams 2007. 
  31. ^ Adams, Brooke (November 30, 2007). "What Warren said to William". Adams 2007. 
  32. ^ CNN Wire Staff (February 23, 2011). "Jailed polygamist retakes control of church". CNN. Retrieved March 11, 2011. 
  33. ^ Utah News, 2011.[full citation needed]
  34. ^ Kelly, David; Cohn, Gary (May 16, 2006). "Insider accounts put sect leader on the run". The Seattle Times. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  35. ^ "Polygamist's Brother Pleads Guilty to Harboring a Fugitive". KSL.com. Associated Press. May 1, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  36. ^ "Seth Steed Jeffs Sentenced for Harboring Fugitive Brother". United States Attorney's Office District of Colorado. July 14, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  37. ^ a b "Polygamist Charged With Felony Accomplice Rape of a Minor". Findlaw.com. April 5, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  38. ^ "Have You Seen This Man? FBI Announces New Top Tenner". FBI. May 5, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  39. ^ FBI (June 23, 2006). "America's Most Wanted". njlawman.com. Archived from the original on June 23, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  40. ^ Hollenhorst, John (May 8, 2005). "Warren Jeffs' Money May Have Ties to Mesquite". KSL.com. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  41. ^ "New Lawsuit Filed Against Warren Jeffs". kutv.com (Salt Lake City). Associated Press. May 27, 2006. Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  42. ^ Winslow, Ben (June 13, 2006). "Jeffs seen in Arizona?". Deseret News. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  43. ^ "The Kiss Of Jeffs". The Smoking Gun. May 27, 2008. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  44. ^ Johnson, Kirk; Dougherty, John; Scott, Cathy (August 30, 2006). "Leader of Polygamist Mormon Sect Is Arrested in Nevada". The New York times. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  45. ^ "Fugitive Polygamist Sect Leader Arrested in Las Vegas". Fox News. Associated Press. August 30, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  46. ^ "Arrest Warrants and Affidavits". Fifth District Court, Washington County, State of Utah. August 31, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  47. ^ McCabe, Francis (August 31, 2006). "Polygamist leader: Jeffs bound for Utah". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  48. ^ "Police academies consider future of officers in polygamist towns". KVOA.com. Associated Press. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  49. ^ "Authorities concerned about Jeffs' ties to border officers". Casper Star Tribune. Associated Press. December 7, 2006. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  50. ^ Dobner, Jennifer (September 25, 2007). "Polygamist Leader in Utah Convicted of Sex Charges in Arranged Marriage". ABC News. Associated Press. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  51. ^ Winslow, Ben (November 22, 2007). "Jeffs is now an inmate at Utah State Prison". Deseret News. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  52. ^ Frosch, Dan (July 27, 2010). "Polygamist Convictions Overturned". The New York Times. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  53. ^ Townsend, Ann; O'Neill (September 12, 2007). "Polygamist prophet is now a criminal defendant". CNN. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  54. ^ "Polygamist 'Prophet' pleads not guilty in Arizona child bride case". CNN. Associated Press. February 27, 2008. Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  55. ^ "Judge dismisses Ariz. charges against Warren Jeffs". KSL.com. Associated Press. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  56. ^ Weber, Paul J (August 7, 2011). "Harsh rules, sex assault described inside Jeffs' sect". Detroit Free Press. Associated Press. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  57. ^ CNN Wire Staff (August 6, 2011). "Nephew, niece allege polygamist sect leader Warren Jeffs abused them". CNN. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  58. ^ Warren Steed Jeffs, Tex. Dep't Crim. Justice # 01726705, at [1].
  59. ^ Adams, Brooke (July 9, 2008). "Jailed polygamous leader Jeffs hospitalized in Las Vegas". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  60. ^ Bentley, Paul; Durante, Thomas (August 29, 2011). "Polygamist paedophile Warren Jeffs 'in a coma after going on hunger strike in solitary cell'". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  61. ^ Graczyk, Michael (August 29, 2011). "Convicted polygamist leader in medically induced coma". Peoria Journal Star. Associated Press. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  62. ^ Parker, Kolten. "Polygamist sect leader Warren Jeffs hospitalized in Texas." Houston Chronicle. March 17, 2014. Retrieved on March 18, 2014.
  63. ^ Celeste Tholen Rosenlof, "Warren Jeffs tells FLDS faithful world will end before 2013," Dec. 28, 2012, KSL News, Salt Lake City, Utah, at [2].
  64. ^ Jeffs, Warren. Jesus Christ Message to All Nations. N.P., 2012.
  65. ^ "The Prophet Speaks", Intelligence Report (Southern Poverty Law Center) (117), Spring 2005 
  66. ^ Gaula, Pawel (producer); Elliott, Tom (producer). Damned to Heaven (Flash). Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  67. ^ Kiger, Patrick J. "I Escaped a Cult – Inside the Greens". National Geographic Channel TVblogs. April 9, 2012.
  68. ^ blogs.denverpost.com/ostrow/2014/05/27/outlaw-prophet-warren-jeffs-lifetime-june/18826/
  69. ^ starcasm.net/archives/274266

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Warren Jeffs preaches on the role of wives.

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Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints titles
Preceded by
Rulon T. Jeffs
Prophet
2002 – present
Succeeded by
incumbent
With disputed interruptions by:
Corporation of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints titles
Preceded by
Rulon T. Jeffs
President
2002 – December 4, 2007
Succeeded by
Wendell L. Nielsen
Preceded by
Wendell L. Nielsen
President
January 28, 2011 – present
Succeeded by
incumbent