Warrior Rock Light

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Warrior Rock Light
Warrior rock lighthouse north view P2617.jpeg
Warrior Rock Light in 2008
Warrior Rock Light is located in Oregon
Warrior Rock Light
Location Sauvie Island, Oregon, U.S.
Coordinates 45°50′55″N 122°47′18″W / 45.84858°N 122.78835°W / 45.84858; -122.78835Coordinates: 45°50′55″N 122°47′18″W / 45.84858°N 122.78835°W / 45.84858; -122.78835
Year first lit 1877/1889/1930/1970s
Automated 1930
Deactivated 1969-1970s
Foundation sandstone
Construction wood frame originally, concrete since 1930
Tower shape octagonal
Height 25 feet (7.6 m)
Focal height 20 feet (6.1 m)
Characteristic Wht Fl 4s[1]

Warrior Rock Light is a lighthouse on Sauvie Island in the U.S. state of Oregon, which helps guide river traffic on the Columbia River around the Portland, Oregon area. It once contained the Pacific Northwest's oldest fog bell. It is Oregon's smallest lighthouse, and one of only two Oregon lighthouses still operating which are not on the Pacific Ocean.[2]

History[edit]

By 1877, navigational needs near Sauvie Island caused the United States Lighthouse Board to place two small red post lanterns at Warrior Rock.[2][3] U.S. Congress authorized a lighthouse for the site in 1888.[4] The structure was designed by Carl Leick and constructed in 1889 as a small, wood frame building atop a sandstone base, it had living quarters below and an oil lamp beacon light with lens and a hand-cranked fog bell on top.[3][5] The light was placed to warn of a bedrock reef[6] which projects into the Columbia at the east tip of Sauvie Island,[7] at Columbia river mile 87.2 (km 140.3).

The fog bell was cast in 1855 at the J. Bernhard & Co. foundry in Philadelphia[8] and first installed at the Cape Disappointment Light at the mouth of the Columbia River, though the noise level of the ocean and winds led to its retirement in 1881[citation needed] for a louder model. It was subsequently installed at the West Point Light in Seattle, but removed in 1887 to make way for a steam whistle.[9] It was installed at Warrior Rock in 1889.[5]

Lightkeepers used a skiff to approach the island from St. Helens, and the lighthouse itself in times of high seasonal water.[3] The 1920s-era lightkeeper rigged an aerial cable to get to the lighthouse from the keepers quarters during such times.[5]

The wooden house was replaced with a 28-foot (8.5 m) tall octagonal[1] concrete tower in 1930[2] on the original sandstone foundation. Around the same time, the light was electrified.[3] The site was an official water level gaging station from October 28, 1937 to November 18, 1937 and again from July 20, 1938 to September 9, 1938.[10]

The lighthouse was struck by a barge on May 27, 1969, destroying the foundation and disabling the light and bell. While the Coast Guard was evaluating whether to repair or replace the tower, the fog bell was removed. It fell into the river and cracked, putting it out of commission. It is now outside the Columbia County Courthouse in St. Helens, close to a half-scale replica of the original Warrior Rock Light without foundation.[2][5] The replica is one mile (1.6 km) NNW of the original site at 45°51′47″N 122°47′47″W / 45.86302°N 122.79631°W / 45.86302; -122.79631 (replica of original Warrior Rock light building).

The lighthouse presently operates with an automated beacon and bell.[2] The exterior of the site is open to the public, and can be visited by a short boat ride from St. Helens, or a three-mile (5 km) hike from the north end of Reeder Road.[7]

The fog bell from the Warrior Rock Light now sits outside the Columbia County Courthouse
Two cargo ships approach the turn by Warrior Rock. The light is left of center.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Warrior Rock Light". Lighthouse Depot. Retrieved 2008-04-30. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Patricia L. MacAodha (March 2006). "Sauvie Island’s Warrior Rock Lighthouse: Oregon’s smallest lighthouse keeps going" (PDF). St. Johns Sentinel. Sydhonda Media, LLC. pp. 13, 19. Retrieved 2008-04-30. [dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d "Warrior Rock Lighthouse". Rudy and Alice's Lighthouses. Retrieved 2008-04-30. 
  4. ^ "Oregon History: Uncle Sam's Handiwork". Oregon Blue Book. State of Oregon. January 9, 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-30. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Warrior Rock Light, OR". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved 2008-04-29. 
  6. ^ Archive of LNM announcements District 13, week 32/2007, (file lnm13322007.pdf)
  7. ^ a b Bill Monroe. "The way of the Warrior: A weedy parking lot turns into a blooming oasis, thanks to volunteers". The Oregonian. Retrieved 2008-04-29. 
  8. ^ See photo of relief on bell
  9. ^ "West Point Lighthouse, Washington". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved 2008-04-30. 
  10. ^ National Ocean Service (NOAA) (August 15, 1996). "Index of Water Level Stations for Oregon". Retrieved 2008-04-30.