Warrior on the Edge of Time
|Warrior on the Edge of Time|
|Studio album by Hawkwind|
|Released||9 May 1975|
|Recorded||March 1975 at Rockfield Studios, Monmouth & Mixed at Olympic Studios|
|Genre||Space rock, progressive rock|
|Singles from Warrior on the Edge of Time|
Warrior on the Edge of Time is Hawkwind's fifth studio album. It reached number 13 on the U.K. album charts and was their third and last album to make the U.S. Billboard chart, where it peaked at number 150. Many of the lyrics are by Michael Moorcock and the album is loosely based on the concept of Moorcock's 'Eternal Champion'. Reviews have been mixed, with Melody Maker panning the album and particularly criticizing the vocal work while the All Music Guide has praised the album for features such as the songwriting.
Although not officially charting, single "Kings of Speed" managed a considerable amount of airplay and underground success, particularly in dance clubs. The album also notably represented only a slight change from the previous album in terms of personnel. Having recruited a second drummer, Alan Powell, this album's line-up was still short-lived. Soon after the album's release, bassist Lemmy was sacked and vocalist Robert Calvert rejoined by the end of the year. Lemmy would go on to form the popular heavy metal/hard rock band Motörhead shortly after his departure, which alludes to the song "Motorhead" from this album.
- See also the article "Kings of Speed".
"Assault and Battery" lyrics quote from Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem "Psalm of Life". The song is a popular live number, being performed occasionally over the years, and has appeared on numerous live albums, sometimes under the title "Lives of Great Men". It was included as part of the live show for The Chronicle of the Black Sword concept, appearing on the album Live Chronicles.
"The Golden Void" segues from "Assault and Battery", and the two songs are often performed live as a pair as on the albums Palace Springs (1991) and Canterbury Fayre 2001. The song is a popular live number, being performed occasionally over the years, and has appeared on numerous live albums, sometimes under the title "Void of Golden Light", as on 1994's The Business Trip.
"The Wizard Blew His Horn", "Standing at the Edge" and "Warriors" are Michael Moorcock poems based on his Eternal Champion literary figure. The poems are recited to atmospheric soundscapes provided by Simon House, and the percussionists Simon King and Alan Powell. The band had been performing them on stage during 1974, versions appearing on the The 1999 Party live album.
"Opa-Loka" is an instrumental that features a motorik rhythm and is strongly influenced by the music of Neu!, the title possibly being a reference to Opa-locka, Florida. It was performed live, but when Robert Calvert joined the band at the beginning of 1976, he would recite the poem "Vikings on Mars" over the top of it, the song evolving into "Uncle Sam's on Mars" on the 1979 album PXR5.
"The Demented Man" is a Brock acoustic number. (Also listed as "The Demented King".)
The lyrics of "Magnu" are based upon Percy Shelley's poem "Hymn of Apollo". The song is a popular live number, being performed occasionally over the years, versions on the albums Choose Your Masques: Collectors Series Volume 2 (1982), The Friday Rock Show Sessions (1986) and Canterbury Fayre 2001.
"Spiral Galaxy 28948" is a Simon House instrumental, the title being his date of birth (28 September 1948). It was performed live in 1975 after the release of the album, and again during 2001 when House had temporarily rejoined the band, a version appearing on the album Canterbury Fayre 2001.
Allan Jones in Melody Maker (10 May 1975) was critical in his review of the album despite it being "probably Hawkwind's most professional record" due to the advance in their "technical proficiency", specifically the contributions of Simon House. The compositions are in the "standard Hawkwind traditions of sweeping synthesiser passages contrasting ethereal space with the violence of monotonous bass and rhythm guitar", and of the poems he says "If Moorcock feels qualified to describe any of these pieces as poetry, then that's his problem" and that they are delivered "with all the emotion of Davros being exterminated by renegade Daleks".
Michael Moorcock: "Warrior On The Edge Of Time was a concept of mine. What Dave tends to do is he says 'Do us a concept' or 'I've got this rough concept, can you work it out?' I do it, then Dave has a different idea and the whole thing shifts away, so that's the way it works. It's a perfectly good way of working – it tends to give Dave a bit of a start or whatever. I was doing a lot of my 'Eternal Champion' stuff on stage, so it seemed automatic to do that because there were so many numbers I could fit into that. I was only in the studio about an hour to do the stuff I did, and it was one of those weird things I didn't get the session fee either."
Lemmy: "The album was a fuck-up from start to finish. That "Opa-Loka" was a lot of fucking rubbish. I wasn't even on that. That was the drummer's thing, that track... We were kind of complacent anyway. If you have a hit album, you're complacent, and if you have two you really are in trouble. With them, they had four, 'cos they had In Search of Space before me... There's great stuff on all them albums. "The Golden Void" was a beautiful track, but by then I was well out of favour."
Dave Brock: "There was some good stuff on that album. I think we peaked then, in 1974/75."
Simon King: "I suppose I’m two-thirds happy with this one. For me that’s not bad as I was only half happy with the last one! Warriors is a different musical thing because it’s Simon House’s first real contribution: on Mountain Grill he was too new to be able to have that much influence, and now, of course we’ve got Alan as a second drummer, which has meant a lot of changes."
|1.||"Assault and Battery (Part 1)"||Dave Brock||5:36|
|2.||"The Golden Void (Part 2)"||Brock||4:33|
|3.||"The Wizard Blew His Horn"||Michael Moorcock, Simon House, Alan Powell, Simon King||2:00|
|5.||"The Demented Man"||Brock||4:20|
|7.||"Standing at the Edge"||Moorcock, House, Powell, King||2:45|
|8.||"Spiral Galaxy 28948"||House||3:55|
|9.||"Warriors"||Moorcock, House, Powell, King||2:05|
|10.||"Dying Seas"||Nik Turner||3:05|
|11.||"Kings of Speed"||Moorcock, Brock||3:25|
|CD bonus track|
|Atomhenge disc 1 bonus tracks|
|12.||"Assault and Battery/The Golden Void"|
|14.||"Soldiers at the Edge of Time" (Michael Moorcock version)|
|15.||"On the Road""|
|16.||"The Wizard Blew His Horn" (Nik Turner version)|
|17.||"Spiral Galaxy 28948" (demo)|
|18.||"Soldiers at the Edge of Time" (Nik Turner version)|
|19.||"Motorhead" (Dave Brock vocal version)|
|20.||"Kings of Speed" (instrumental version)|
|Atomhenge disc 2 bonus tracks|
|12.||"Motorhead" (instrumental demo)|
|14.||"Watchfield Festival Jam" (Watchfield Free Festival on 23 August 1975)|
|15.||"Circles" (Watchfield Free Festival on 23 August 1975)|
|16.||"I Am the Eye" (Watchfield Free Festival on 23 August 1975)|
- Michael Moorcock – vocals ("The Wizard Blew His Horn" and "Warriors")
- Dave Brock – guitar, keyboards, vocals, bass guitar ("Opa-Loka")
- Nik Turner – saxophone, flute, vocals ("Standing at the Edge", "Dying Seas")
- Lemmy (Ian Kilmister) – bass guitar, vocals ("Motorhead" )
- Simon House – violin, Mellotron, VCS3,keyboards
- Simon King – drums, percussions
- Alan Powell – drums, percussion
- Recorded Rockfield Studios, Mar-1975. Produced by Hawkwind, engineered by Dave Charles. Mixed at Olympic Studios, engineered by Phil Chapman and Steve Owen.
- "Kings of Speed" and "Motorhead" recorded at Olympic Studios, Jan-1975.
- Sleeve designed by Comte Pierre D'Auvergne (a pseudonym used by Pierre Tubbs). The original album sleeve unfolds into a large shield-shape, revealing that the silhouetted Warrior is standing at the edge of an apparently bottomless chasm. The landscape on the other side of the chasm is a mirror image, with another setting sun. The reverse of the cover depicts a bronze shield bearing the 8-rayed emblem of Chaos, as described in Moorcock's books.
- May 1975: United Artists Records, UAG29766, UK vinyl – original copies came in gatefold foldout sleeve with inner sleeve. Later pressings retained the inner sleeve but had a normal single LP sleeve based on the outer part of the gatefold.
- May 1975: Atco Records, SD36-115, USA vinyl
- Jan 1981: Liberty Records, UAG29766, UK vinyl
- Oct 1992: Dojo Records, DOJOCD84, UK CD
- May 1993: Griffin Music, 55421 3931-2, USA CD
- 27 May 2013: Atomhenge (Cherry Red) Records, ATOMCD1035, UK CD.
- 27 May 2013: Atomhenge (Cherry Red) Records, ATOMCD31037, UK 2CD+DVD.
- 27 May 2013: Atomhenge (Cherry Red) Records, ATOMBOX1001, UK 2CD+DVD+vinyl.
In a 2011 interview Nigel Reeve, custodian of Hawkwind's United Artists Records archive at EMI, explained that Warrior on the Edge of Time had originally been released on a separate contract with United Artists, and its rights were no longer held by EMI, hence it was omitted from EMI's remastering and release of Hawkwind's United Artists catalogue in 1996.
The album was released in the UK on CD for the first time in 1992 on the Dojo label, mastered from vinyl. A second version was released in 1993 on the Canadian label Griffin Music, mastered from a first-generation copy of the original master. This master was the Atco tape used for the 1975 North American vinyl release and included the single mix of "Kings of Speed". The Atco master used by Griffin was originally created at Olympic Studios and didn't have any fades on the tracks. A set of accompanying notes written by Dave Brock in 1975 were used to recreate the original fades when Griffin created their digital master. No EQ was used when the Griffin digital master was created. The transfer was done to match the original vinyl as closely as possible.
In May 2013, Cherry Red reissued the album, along with a new stereo and 5.1 mix by Steven Wilson, on the Atomhenge label managed by Esoteric Recordings. It was also confirmed that the original master tapes were used.
- Allmusic review
- Scaruffi, Piero (1999). "Hawkwind". pieroscaruffi.com. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- Melody Maker, 10 May 1975, Allan Jones
- Orbit 6
- The Saga of Hawkwind, Carol Clerk
- Beat Instrumental, July 1975
- "Cherry Red Records – Warrior on the Edge of Time STANDARD EDITION". Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Cherry Red Records – Warrior on the Edge of Time THREE DISC EXPANDED EDITION". Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Cherry Red Records – Warrior on the Edge of Time SUPER DELUXE BOXSET LIMITED EDITION". Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Spacerock Reviews July 2011
- Collectable Records – Original foldout cover and inner sleeve
- Indie music label Cherry Red rocks on at 35, Robert Plummer, BBC, 27 May 2013