Wartislaw VII, Duke of Pomerania

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Wartislaw VII, Duke of Pomerania
Spouse(s) Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Issue

Eric of Pomerania
Catherine of Pomerania
Noble family House of Griffins
Father Bogislaw V, Duke of Pomerania
Mother Adelheid of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
Born c. 1363-1365
Died c. 1394-1395

Wartislaw VII (Polish: Warcisław VII) (*1363/1365 – † 1394/1395)[1] was one of the Dukes of Pomerania.

Life[edit]

He was the son of Bogislaw V, brother of Casimir IV and Bogislaw VIII. He married Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and was the father of Eric of Pomerania and Catherine of Pomerania.

In 1377 he became Duke of Pomerania in Pomerania-Stolp; at times he was its coruler with his brother, Bogislaw VIII. He maneuvered between two local powers, the Teutonic Knights and the Kingdom of Poland. In 1386 he allied himself with the Knights, but in 1390, in Pyzdry, he allied himself with Poland, and pledged vassalage to king of Poland, Władysław Jagiełło. In return, he received the territory of Nakło from the Polish king.

In 1392–1393 he went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land.[1] According to some sources, the pilgrimage started already in 1391, yet he is also reported to have stayed in Vordingborg in July 1392.[2] On 1 August 1392, Wartislaw, his brother Bogislaw VIII and some clergy of the Bishopric of Cammin met with Johann, the bishop of Lebus, and Johann of Görlitz, a prince of the Margraviate of Brandenburg, in Brandenburgian Landsberg an der Warthe (now Gorzów). Bogislaw returned to Pomerania, and Wartislaw travelled southwards to meet with Wartislaw VIII, Duke of Pomerania. Both Wartislaws then travelled through Hungary. In Smederevo,[nb 1] a town southeast of Belgrad (then part of Hungary, now part of Serbia) Wartislaw VII fell ill, and in 1393 returned to Pomerania while Wartislaw VIII continued the pilgrimage alone.[3]

During Wartislaw VII's absence, the Pomeranian noble Matzke von Borcke auf Stramehl had led a holdup in Pomerania-Stolp, where Bohemian komtur Johann von Mühlheim was robbed on his way to the Teutonic Order state in late 1392. Konrad von Wallenrode, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, protested at Wartislaw VII's and Bogislaw VIII's court and demanded satisfaction. Wartislaw and Bogislaw then granted him permission to destroy Matzke's residence Stramehl, which eventually was razed.[4]

Wartislaw died between November 1394 and 23 February 1395.[1]

Ancestors[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Smederevo, also Semengrin or Senderow, in primary sources also spelled Zeuderin, Zenderin, Zuderin, Zanderini, Senendria, Senderin. Zdrenka (1995), p.12.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Zdrenka, Joachim (1995). "Die Pilgerfahrten der pommerschen Herzöge ins Heilige Land in den Jahren 1392/1393 und 1406/1407". Baltische Studien (Marburg: Elwert). 81 (127): 10–11. 
  2. ^ Zdrenka, Joachim (1995). "Die Pilgerfahrten der pommerschen Herzöge ins Heilige Land in den Jahren 1392/1393 und 1406/1407". Baltische Studien (Marburg: Elwert). 81 (127): 10. 
  3. ^ Zdrenka, Joachim (1995). "Die Pilgerfahrten der pommerschen Herzöge ins Heilige Land in den Jahren 1392/1393 und 1406/1407". Baltische Studien (Marburg: Elwert). 81 (127): 11–13. 
  4. ^ Branig, Hans; Werner Buchholz (1997). Werner Buchholz, ed. Geschichte Pommerns, Volume I, Vom Werden des neuzeitlichen Staates bis zum Verlust der staatlichen Selbständigkeit, 1300-1648. Böhlau. p. 30. ISBN 3-412-07189-7. 
  • Branig, Hans; Werner Buchholz (1997). Werner Buchholz, ed. Geschichte Pommerns, Volume I, Vom Werden des neuzeitlichen Staates bis zum Verlust der staatlichen Selbständigkeit, 1300-1648. Böhlau. pp. 29–30. ISBN 3-412-07189-7. 
  • Juliusz Bardach, Historia państwa i prawa Polski, Volume 1, Państwowe Wydawn. Naukowe, 1964, p. 589
  • Władysław Czapliński, Tadeusz Ładogórski, Atlas historyczny polski, Państwowe Przedsiębiorstwo Wydawnictw Kartograficznych, 1970, p. 12
  • William Urban, Terry Jones, Medieval mercenaries: the business of war, MBI Publishing Company, 2006, ISBN 1-85367-697-7, Google Print, p.206
Wartislaw VII, Duke of Pomerania
Born: c. 1363-1365 Died: c. 1394-1395
Preceded by
Casimir IV
Duke of Pomerania-Stolp
1377-1395
Succeeded by
Bogislaw VIII