|Origin||Papunya, Northern Territory, Australia|
|Genres||Country rock, blues rock, Aboriginal rock|
|Labels||Hot, Powderworks/RCA, Festival/Parole, CAAMA/Shock|
|Associated acts||Midnight Oil|
|Past members||George Burarrwanga
Warumpi Band[a] were an Australian country and Aboriginal rock group which formed in the outback settlement of Papunya, Northern Territory in 1980. The original line-up was George Burarrwanga on vocals and didgeridoo, Gordon Butcher on drums, his brother Sammy Butcher on guitar and bass guitar, and Neil Murray on rhythm guitar and backing vocals. Their key singles are "Jailanguru Pakarnu" (1983), "Blackfella/Whitefella" (1985), "Sit Down Money" (1986), "My Island Home" (1987) and "No Fear" (1987). The group released three albums, Big Name, No Blankets (1985), Go Bush! (1987) and Too Much Humbug (1996). From late 1987 to mid-1995 the group rarely performed as Murray focused on his solo career. In early 1995, Christine Anu (former backing singer in Murray's touring group, The Rainmakers), issued a cover version of "My Island Home". Warumpi Band regrouped before disbanding in 2000. Burarrwanga died on 10 June 2007 of lung cancer.
The Warumpi Band were formed in 1980 in Papunya – an outback settlement about 240 kilometres (150 mi) north-west of Alice Springs in the Northern Territory – as a country and Aboriginal rock group. Neil Murray, was a Victorian-born schoolteacher and labourer who was working in the region. He met local brothers Gordon Butcher Tjapanangka and Sammy Butcher Tjapanangka of the Luritja people; and were joined by Sammy's brother-in-law George Rrurrambu Burarrwanga (aka George Djilangya), visiting from Elcho Island's Yolngu people. Murray provided rhythm guitar and backing vocals, Gordon was on drums, Sammy on guitar and bass guitar, and Burarrwanga on vocals and didgeridoo. 'Warumpi' derives from the Luritja word for a "honey-ant dreaming site", which lies near Papunya. Over the years, many different people played in the band at various times. The only consistent elements were Murray and Burarrwanga, with Sammy Butcher generally being available when band commitments did not take him too far from home for long.
The group began by playing cover versions of rock 'n' roll standards and toured the Northern Territory and the Kimberley region of northern Western Australia. In 1983 at the Aboriginal Country Music Festival they were voted as best band and by that stage they were playing more original material. In October that year they released their debut single, "Jailanguru Pakarnu" (Luritja for Out from Jail) on the Hot label. It is the first song released in a rock music format which uses an Aboriginal language, Luritja. For the single they were joined by another Butcher brother, Brian, on bass guitar. The track created mainstream media interest, and the group travelled to the interstate capitals of Melbourne and Sydney for gigs and TV appearances.
Warumpi Band built up a loyal following in Sydney's northern beaches pub rock scene, and played as a support act to Midnight Oil. In 1985 the band signed with Midnight Oil's Powderworks label and released their debut album, Big Name, No Blankets in April. Australian rock music historian, Ian McFarlane, felt although "[g]rounded in early American R&B and boogie as it was, the album was nevertheless an honest, enduring and bare-boned slice of indigenous country music". Big Name, No Blankets featured the single, "Blackfella/Whitefella", which appeared in October. The group undertook a national tour as well as playing in Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.
In 1986, Midnight Oil and Warumpi Band embarked on the Blackfella/Whitefella Tour which reached some of the country's remotest locations. In July, while on tour, "Blackfella/Whitefella" was re-released as a track on the B-side of Midnight Oil's 12" shared single, "The Dead Heart", and included tour mate Coloured Stone's track "This Land". After the tour the Butcher brothers left and the group signed with Festival Records' imprint Parole Records. In October and November Burarrwanga and Murray were joined by Kenny Smith on bass guitar and backing vocals, and American-born Allen Murphy on drums to record their second album, Go Bush!. It appeared in April 1987 and Murray Cook had joined on keyboards. In February that year they issued their next single, "My Island Home", which had been written by Neil Murray about visiting Burarrwanga's homeland on Elcho Island.
The tour had inspired Midnight Oil's album, Diesel and Dust (August 1987), which was an international hit and brought the issues of land rights and aboriginal reconciliation into the national spotlight. For Warumpi Band the strain of balancing family commitments with the group took its toll and they were unable to capitalise on the groundswell created by the tour and their second album. By the end of 1988 Murray had embarked upon a solo career, although the band periodically reformed whenever it fitted in with their other activities. Murray issued his debut album, Calm & Crystal Clear, in 1989.
In 1995 Christine Anu (former backing singer in Murray's touring band, The Rainmakers) covered "My Island Home". Soon after Burarrwanga, Sammy Butcher and Murray reconvened Warrumpi Band for a European tour. In April 1996 they released their third album, Too Much Humbug. The album was produced by Mark Ovenden (Yothu Yindi, Midnight Oil, You Am I). At the ARIA Music Awards of 1997 the track, "Stompin' Ground", was nominated for 'Best Indigenous Release'. In the following years, reunion gigs were sporadic, generally for festivals and other one-off appearances. In 2000 Murray resigned from Warumpi Band and concentrated on his solo career which had already provided three further albums, These Hands (1993), Dust (1996) and The Wondering Kind (1999).
Burarrwanga continued to perform as a solo artist, and released a reggae album, Nerbu Message (2004), which included his version of "My Island Home" as "Ronu Wanga", sung in his native Gumatj dialect. In 2007, he returned to his 'Island Home' on Elcho Island where he died from lung cancer on 10 June of that year. Sammy Butcher remained involved in music with a recording studio in Alice Springs, providing recording opportunities for outback youth. He recorded his own album of instrumental guitar tracks.
- George Rrurrambu Burarrwanga – vocals, didgeridoo (1980–2000, d. 2007)
- Gordon Butcher Tjapanangka – drums (1980–1987, 1996)
- Sammy Butcher Tjapanangka – bass guitar, guitar (1980–2000)
- Neil Murray – guitar, songwriter (1980–2000)
- Brian Butcher – bass guitar (1983)
- Murray Cook – keyboards (1987)
- Alan Murphey – drums (1987)
- Kenny Smith – bass guitar (1987)
- Bill Heckenberg – drums (1996)
- Bill Jacobi – bass guitar, backing vocals
- Denis Minor – bass guitar
- Hilary Wirra – bass guitar
- Big Name, No Blankets (Powderworks Records/RCA, April 1985)
Blackfella / Whitefella
Mulga & Spinifex Plain
Gotta Be Strong
- "Jailanguru Pakarnu" (Out from Jail) (1983) Note: the first rock song recorded in an Aboriginal language: (Luritja dialect)
- "Blackfella/Whitefella" (1985)
- "Sit Down Money" (1986)
- "My Island Home" (1987) Note: covered by Christine Anu (1995), by George Burarrwanga (2004)
- "Stompin' Ground" (1996) Note: Nominated for ARIA Award. Named for an Australian rock festival, Stompen Ground.
- McFarlane, Ian (1999). "Whammo Homepage". Encyclopedia of Australian Rock and Pop. St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-072-1. Archived from the original on 5 April 2004. Retrieved 10 April 2012. Note: Archived [on-line] copy has limited functionality.
- McFarlane, 'Warumpi Band' entry. Archived from the original on 3 August 2004. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- "Lead Singer of Warumpi Band Dies". Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). Australian Associated Press (AAP). 11 June 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- Gifford, Brenda. "Curator's Notes: 'Jailanguru Pankarnu (Out from Jail)' (1983) on ASO". Australian Screen Online (ASO). Retrieved 31 August 2012.
- Nimmervoll, Ed. "Warumpi Band". Howlspace. White Room Electronic Publishing. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- Holmgren, Magnus; Scott, Jeff. "Warumpi Band". Australian Rock Database. Passagen (Magnus Holmgren). Retrieved 1 September 2012.
- "Overview 'Jailanguru Pankarnu (Out from Jail)' (1983) on ASO". Australian Screen Online (ASO). Retrieved 31 August 2012.
- McFarlane, 'Midnight Oil' entry. Archived from the original on 10 October 2004. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- "'My Island Home' at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 31 August 2012.
- McFarlane, 'Neil Murray' entry. Archived from the original on 1 September 2004. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
- "Warumpi Band". Skinnyfish Music. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
- "ARIA Awards – History: Winners by Year 1997". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Retrieved 31 August 2012.
- Warumpi Band on Neil Murray's official website
- "Mates, Mabo and Warumpi", Neil Murray interview by Sally Mitchell, GreenLeft Online, 24 July 1996
- Listen to an excerpt of 'Jailanguru Pakarnu' on australianscreen online
- 'Jailanguru Pakarnu' was added to the Sounds of Australia registry in 2007 by National Film and Sound Archive