Wasfi al-Tal

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Wasfi al-Tal
وصفي التل
وصفي التل و حيدر محمود.jpg
Wasfi al-Tal, 1960s
Prime Minister of Jordan
In office
28 January 1962 – 27 March 1963
Monarch Hussein
Preceded by Bahjat al-Talhouni
Succeeded by Samir al-Rifai
Prime Minister of Jordan
In office
1965–1967
Monarch Hussein
Preceded by Bahjat al-Talhouni
Succeeded by Hussein ibn Nasser
Prime Minister of Jordan
In office
28 October 1970 – 28 November 1971
Monarch Hussein
Preceded by Ahmad Toukan
Succeeded by Ahmad al-Lawzi
Personal details
Born Wasfi Mustapha Wahbi al-Tal
1920
Irbid, Mandatory Palestine
Died 28 November 1971 (aged 51-52)
Cairo, Egypt
Spouse(s) Saida Al Jabari
Alma mater American University of Beirut
Occupation Military Officer, Diplomat
Profession Natural Sciences
Religion Muslim

Wasfi al-Tal (also Wasfi Tel) (1920 – 28 November 1971) (Arabic: وصفي التل‎) was Prime Minister of Jordan for three separate terms. In 1971, he was assassinated by the Black September unit of the Palestine Liberation Organization outside a Cairo hotel.[1] Tal was prime minister and defense minister during the Black September uprising by Palestinians in 1970. He earned the ire of PLO leaders for his role in repressing the revolt.

He was the third senior Jordanian political figure assassinated between 1951 and 1971; the first two were King Abdullah and Hazza Majali, the Jordanian prime minister.[2]

Early life and career[edit]

Tal was born in Irbid, a city in northern Jordan, in 1919.[3] He served as a captain in the British Army during World War II. He also took part in the 1948 Palestine war, fighting for the Arab armies.[3] He became a major in the Jordanian army shortly before graduating from American University of Beirut. After graduation, he began to work in the Jordanian civil service.[3] Next, he served as chief press officer. Later he was named as the Jordanian ambassador, and he served as an ambassador in Germany, Iran and Iraq.[3]

Personal life[edit]

Tal married to Sadia Jabri, who had been former wife of the Palestinian leader of the 1940s, Moussa Alami. They had no children.[3]

Assassination[edit]

Field marshal Habis Al Majali and Wasfi Al Tal

On 28 November 1971, four Black September gunmen assassinated Tal in the lobby of the Sheraton Cairo Hotel in Egypt while he was attending an Arab League summit in the city.[4][5] Among other acts, Black September accused Tal of personally torturing and executing Abu Ali Iyad, a Fatah field commander whose partisans formed the backbone of the Black September organization.[6] Historian Patrick Seale claims that one of the assassins, Munshir al-Khalifa, was one of Abu Ali Iyad's soldiers who sought to avenge his commander's death.[6][7] As Tal lay dying, "one of the assassins knelt and lapped with his tongue the blood flowing across the marble floor."[8] Tal's reported last words were, "They've killed me. Murderers, they believe only in fire and destruction."[9]

Tal was the first victim of the newly formed Black September Organization, a more militant offshoot of the Palestinian militant organization Fatah. His assassins were released on low bail and allowed to leave Egypt. Yasser Arafat, Fatah's leader, claimed responsibility for the killing.[4]

Burial[edit]

Tal's body was flown back to Amman on 28 November 1971. He was buried in the royal cemetery after the prayers in the Royal Mosque in Amman on 29 November.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fallible Memory, Benny Morris
  2. ^ Grose, Peter (29 November 1971). "Bloody reprisals feared for slaying of premier". Eugene Register-Guard (Ramallah). Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Wasfi Tel was bitter enemy of guerrillas". Gadsden Times. 29 November 1971. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Rubin, Barry M. (1994). Revolution until victory?: the politics and history of the PLO. pp. 37–38. 
  5. ^ Jessup, John E. (1998). An encyclopedic dictionary of conflict and conflict resolution, 1945-1996. p. 77. 
  6. ^ a b Amos, 1980, p.222.
  7. ^ Seale, 1982, p.81.
  8. ^ Bruce Hoffman (December 2001). "All you need is love: How the terrorists stopped terrorism". The Atlantic. 
  9. ^ Shair, Kamal A. (2006). Out of the Middle East: the emergence of an Arab global business. p. 240. 
  10. ^ "Avange Rebel's Death". The Deseret News (Caito). UPI. 29 November 1971. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
Preceded by
Bahjat Talhouni
Prime Minister of Jordan
1962–1963
Succeeded by
Samir al-Rifai
Preceded by
Bahjat Talhouni
Prime Minister of Jordan
1965–1967
Succeeded by
Hussein ibn Nasser
Preceded by
Ahmad Toukan
Prime Minister of Jordan
1970–1971
Succeeded by
Ahmad al-Lawzi

References[edit]

The official website of past prime minister Wasfi Al Tal http://wasfialtal.net/

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]