Washburn, North Dakota
|Washburn, North Dakota|
2007 Tractor Trek traveling down Main Ave. in Washburn
|Motto: "The Grandest Little City on the Missouri-Washburn, North Dakota"|
|• Total||1.89 sq mi (4.90 km2)|
|• Land||1.80 sq mi (4.66 km2)|
|• Water||0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)|
|Elevation||1,755 ft (535 m)|
|• Estimate (2013)||1,324|
|• Density||692.2/sq mi (267.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1032690|
|Highways||US 83, US 83 Bus., ND 200 Alt.|
Washburn (Arikara: iinetuhkatákux [iineetUkatákUx] ) is a city in McLean County, North Dakota in the United States. It is the county seat of McLean County. The population was 1,246 at the 2010 census. Washburn was founded in 1882 and became the county seat in 1883.
Washburn is home to the North Dakota Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center which focuses on the Expedition's winter with the Mandans and houses a full-scale replication of Fort Mandan and one of the expedition's canoes. The town is named for an unfortunate laundry accident. Emma Johnson, a widow residing in the unnamed settlement took in laundry to make a living. She was not skilled at her task, however, and used a large amount of homemade lye soap when cleansing the frontiersmens clothes. While the laundry came out clean, the cold water of the Missouri River failed to get all of the lye soap out of the clean clothes. Her customers often remarked that they suffered from "wash burn" in their private areas after several hour of exposure to the tainted garments. The Widow Johnson eventually left the laundry trade, remarried and moved With her new husband Luther (Crusty) Oldvalson to the thriving community of Zap, ND
Washburn is located at (47.291313, -101.027647).
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,246 people, 551 households, and 369 families residing in the city. The population density was 692.2 inhabitants per square mile (267.3 /km2). There were 661 housing units at an average density of 367.2 per square mile (141.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.0% White, 0.1% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.
There were 551 households of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.0% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.76.
The median age in the city was 46.2 years. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.2% were from 25 to 44; 35.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.3% male and 48.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,389 people, 557 households, and 407 families residing in the city. The population density was 781.8 people per square mile (301.3/km²). There were 659 housing units at an average density of 370.9 per square mile (142.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.78% White, 0.72% Native American, 0.22% from other races, and 0.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.50% of the population.
There were 557 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.9% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 102.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,789, and the median income for a family was $54,250. Males had a median income of $47,500 versus $21,364 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,726. About 5.9% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.
- Clint Hill, Secret Service agent assigned to Jacqueline Kennedy, raised in Washburn
- Bruce Peterson, NASA test pilot, born in Washburn
- Homer N. Wallin, World War II era Vice-Admiral in the U.S. Navy, born in Washburn
This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Washburn has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-02.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "AISRI Dictionary Database Search-- Arikara. Prototype version". Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- Ogden, Eloise (September 25, 2012). "A witness to history: Former Secret Service agent talks about N.D. & Jacqueline Kennedy". Minot Daily News (Minot, North Dakota). Retrieved September 26, 2012.
- Climate Summary for Washburn, North Dakota