Washington's 10th congressional district

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Washington's 10th congressional district
WA CD 10-2013.pdf
Current Representative Dennis Heck (DOlympia)
Population (2010) 672,455
Ethnicity 69.8% White, 6.0% Black, 6.4% Asian, 9.8% Hispanic, 1.5% Native American, 3.8% other
Cook PVI D+4 [1]

Washington's 10th congressional district is a congressional district created by the 2010 United States Census that elected a member of the United States House of Representatives beginning with the 2012 elections. By Washington state law, a non-partisan commission composed of two Republicans, two Democrats, and a non-voting chairperson drew the boundaries for this new district as well as the new boundaries for Washington's existing districts.[2] Its current representative is Dennis Heck.

2012 Candidates[edit]

Democratic candidates

Republican candidates

Third party candidates

Redistricting map proposals[edit]

The Washington Redistricting Commission was tasked with drawing the maps for congressional and legislative districts in the year after each census, including the new 10th Congressional District. The first commissioners' maps were released on September 13, 2011.[4] In addition, several third party maps were submitted to the commissioners by citizens and advocacy groups.[5]

Commissioner Tim Ceis[edit]

Commissioner Ceis, representing the Senate Democratic leadership, submitted a draft plan that would place the new 10th district in SW Pierce, northern Thurston, eastern Mason, and far southern King counties. It would include the cities of Shelton, Olympia, Fircrest, Pacific, Fife, Puyallup, and part of Tacoma. Federal Way, Auburn, Bonney Lake, Orting, Yelm, and McCleary are just outside the borders of the proposed 10th district.[6] This proposed 10th district voted for Democrat Patty Murray over Republican Dino Rossi about 53.7/46.3 in the 2010 Senate Election, and is around 68.3% white.[7]

Commissioner Slade Gorton[edit]

Commissioner Gorton, representing the Senate Republican leadership, submitted a draft plan that would place the new 10th district across the northern part of the state, straddling the Cascade mountains to take in Island, San Juan, Whatcom, Skagit, Chelan, Douglass, Okanogan, northern and eastern parts of Snohmish county, and the city of Skykomish in King county. It would include the cities of Bellingham, Granite Falls, Arlington, Monroe, Wenatchee, Oroville, and most of Coulee Dam. Grand Coulee, Quincy, Republic, and Marysville are just outside the proposed boundaries.[8] This proposed 10th district voted for Republican Dino Rossi over Democrat Patty Murray about 52.6/47.4, and is 79% white.[7] Gorton's proposal also suggests the possibility of renumbering the congressional districts from west to east, which would mean that district No. 10 would be in the far east of the state, where the current (pre-2012) 5th district is located.[9]

Commissioner Dean Foster[edit]

Commissioner Foster, representing the House Democratic leadership, submitted a draft plan that would place the new 10th district on the Pacific Coast, Olympic Peninsula, and south Puget Sound, taking in Pacific, Grays Harbor, Clallam, all but the eastern most portion of Jefferson, western Mason, northern Thurston, and southwest Pierce counties. It would include Sequim, Olympia, Fife, Puyallup, Eatonville, and Steilacoom, while excluding Shelton, Port Townsend, Lakewood, Sumner, Orting, Tacoma, and Yelm.[10] This proposed 10th district voted for Democrat Patty Murray over Republican Dino Rossi 51.3/48.7, and is 75.8% white.[7]

Commissioner Tom Huff[edit]

Commissioner Huff, representing the House Republican leadership, submitted a draft plan that would make the new 10th district a majority-minority district, entirely in south King county. It would include, Federal Way, Kent, Newcastle, SeaTac, Des Moines, Pacific, and parts of south Seattle, Auburn, and Burien.[11] This proposed 10th district voted for Democrat Patty Murray over Republican Dino Rossi 63/37, and is 48.8% white, 19.9% Asian, 13.6% Hispanic, 11.9% Black, and 5.9% Native and others.[7]

Third-party submissions[edit]

Several third parties submitted draft plans to the Redistricting Commission for consideration.[5] Of those plans, United for Fair Representation WA / Win-Win Network submitted a plan quite similar to Commissioner Foster's draft proposal for the 10th district.[12] John Milem's submission includes a district that closely matches Commissioner Gorton's draft proposal for the 10th.[13] United for Fair Representation's Unity map proposal also has a district quite similar to the draft proposal from Commissioner Ceis. Van Anderson submitted a proposal that includes a coastal/Olympic peninsula 10th district similar to Commissioner Foster's draft proposal for the 10th district.[14]

The Gorton/Ceis compromise[edit]

Map of the Gorton/Ceis draft 10th Congressional District proposal.

At the December 16, 2011 Redistricting Commission meeting, Commissioners Gorton and Ceis were tasked with developing the 2012 congressional district map, while Commissioners Foster and Huff worked on a legislative plan for Eastern Washington.[15] At the December 28 meeting, Commissioners Ceis and Gorton released a proposed Congressional map which places the 10th district centered on Olympia, including Fort Lewis/McChord Air Field (Joint Base Lewis-McChord facility), McNeil and Anderson islands, the cities of Shelton, Tenino, University Place, Puyallup, Fife, Edgewood, Sumner, and the parts of Milton and Pacific in Pierce County.[16] The final map of the 10th Congressional District did not deviate significantly from the Gorton/Ceis proposal (see next para.). The state legislature will be able to amend the finalized Commission borders by up to 2% of the population with a supermajority vote.

Final Commission-approved Plan[edit]

The Washington Redistricting Commission officially approved a congressional redistricting plan for the approval of the state legislature on January 1, 2012, just before 10 pm, two hours before the statutory deadline. The final congressional plan for the 10th district closely mirrored the Gorton/Ceis proposal, except that the cities of Milton and Pacific were placed entirely in the 8th district, instead of being split at the King/Pierce county line. In compensation for the loss of Milton and Pacific, the dividing line between the 10th and 8th districts was altered to include a larger population between Puyallup and Roy. [17]

List of representatives[edit]

District was created January 3, 2013, as Washington elected a 10th district representative.

Representative Party Dates Electoral history
Denny Heck, Official Portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Denny Heck Democratic January 3, 2013 –
present
Elected in 2012

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  2. ^ "Census confirms Washington will get 10th seat in U.S. House". Miami Herald. December 21, 2010. Retrieved December 21, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Washington Secretary of State "Candidate Filings," Accessed May 18, 2012
  4. ^ "Existing Maps". Washington State Redistricting Commission. Retrieved Sep 14, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Do-It-Yourself Kit". Washington State Redistricting Commission. Retrieved Sep 14, 2011. 
  6. ^ Ceis, Tim. "Draft Congressional Plan No. 1 – Commissioner Ceis – September 13, 2011". Washington State Redistricting Commission. Retrieved Sep 14, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d Bradley, Dave. "Washington Redistricting: Numbers". Daily Kos elections diary. Daily Kos. Retrieved Sep 14, 2011. 
  8. ^ Gorton, Slade. "Draft Congressional Plan No. 1 – Commissioner Gorton – September 13, 2011". Washington State Redistricting Commission. Retrieved Sep 14, 2011. 
  9. ^ Gorton, Slade. "September 13 presentation". Washington State Redistricting Commission. Retrieved Sep 13, 2011. 
  10. ^ Foster, Dean. "Draft Congressional Plan No. 1 – Commissioner Foster – September 13, 2011". Washington State Redistricting Commission. Retrieved Sep 14, 2011. 
  11. ^ Huff, Tom. "Draft Congressional Plan No. 1 – Commissioner Huff – September 13, 2011". Washington State Redistricting Commission. Retrieved Sep 14, 2011. 
  12. ^ "10th Dist Map". WinWin Network. Retrieved September 14, 2011. 
  13. ^ Millem, John. "Millem Exact". 
  14. ^ Anderson, Van. "Congressional Map". Retrieved Sep 14, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Commission Meetings and Public Forums". Washington Redistricting Commission. Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  16. ^ "2011 Commissioners Draft Plans". Proposed Draft Congressional Map from December 28, 2011 Special Meeting. Washington Redistricting Commission. Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  17. ^ "2011 Final Plan as voted on by the Commission". Washington Redistricting Commission. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°00′N 122°50′W / 47.000°N 122.833°W / 47.000; -122.833