Washington, California

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For the town formerly called Washington, in Yolo County, California, see Broderick, California.
Washington
Arkamarsan
Main Street in Washington
Main Street in Washington
Washington is located in California
Washington
Washington
Location within the state of California
Coordinates: 39°21′34″N 120°47′53″W / 39.35944°N 120.79806°W / 39.35944; -120.79806Coordinates: 39°21′34″N 120°47′53″W / 39.35944°N 120.79806°W / 39.35944; -120.79806
Country  United States
State  California
County Nevada
Area[1]
 • Total 1.899 sq mi (4.917 km2)
 • Land 1.899 sq mi (4.917 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[2] 3,652 ft (1,113 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 185
 • Density 97/sq mi (38/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 95986
Area code(s) 530
GNIS feature ID 2628797

Washington (originally, Indiana Camp)[3] is a census-designated place located in Nevada County, California.[2] Washington is located on the banks of the South Fork of The Yuba River and has a population of approximately two hundred people. There is a hotel/bar and restaurant, grocery store, a one room schoolhouse that has educated students continuously for one hundred years, and two trailer park campgrounds. The elevation is 3,652 feet (1,113 m). The population was 185 at the 2010 census.

The population fluctuates seasonally and the town businesses rely on the tourist trade as the population increases in the summer. It was settled during the California Gold Rush in 1849 and produced a large amount of placer gold. Hard rock mines were established soon afterword and were very productive. Washington is the only settlement in the vicinity to have survived to this day. There remains today much evidence of placer gold mining, hydraulic mining, and hard rock mining. During the mining period there were a large number of Chinese living there.

Washington's biggest businesses are its two campsites, Gene's Pine Aire Campground and the River Rest, which has been in business since the 1960s through different owners. The summer sees the campsites usually filled to capacity and reservations are generally required.

Washington was also featured in a national phone commercial in the 1990s ("From Washington, D.C., to Washington, California.").

The ZIP Code is 95986. The community is inside area code 530.

History[edit]

The place was founded in 1849 by miners from Indiana, and was originally named Indiana Camp.[3] It was renamed Washington in 1850.[3]

The Washington South Yuba post office operated here from 1852 to 1854.[3] The Washington post office opened in 1862.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[4] reported that Washington had a population of 185. The population density was 97.4 people per square mile (37.6/km²). The racial makeup of Washington was 166 (89.7%) White, 1 (0.5%) African American, 4 (2.2%) Native American, 0 (0.0%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 4 (2.2%) from other races, and 10 (5.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11 persons (5.9%).

The Census reported that 169 people (91.4% of the population) lived in households, 16 (8.6%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 90 households, out of which 11 (12.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 21 (23.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 5 (5.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 9 (10.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 12 (13.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 (1.1%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 43 households (47.8%) were made up of individuals and 10 (11.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.88. There were 35 families (38.9% of all households); the average family size was 2.43.

The population was spread out with 25 people (13.5%) under the age of 18, 12 people (6.5%) aged 18 to 24, 31 people (16.8%) aged 25 to 44, 86 people (46.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 31 people (16.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 51.7 years. For every 100 females there were 160.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 138.8 males.

There were 131 housing units at an average density of 69.0 per square mile (26.6/km²), of which 55 (61.1%) were owner-occupied, and 35 (38.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0%; the rental vacancy rate was 2.8%. 110 people (59.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 59 people (31.9%) lived in rental housing units.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature, Washington is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines,[5] and the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle.[6]

Federally, Washington is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Washington, California
  3. ^ a b c d e Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 574. ISBN 1-884995-14-4. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Washington CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  • Slater, Robert I. and Grace I. Slater, "Historical Notes Of The Early Washington, Nevada County, California Mining District."