Washington County, Florida

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For counties with a similar name, see Washington County (disambiguation).
Washington County, Florida
FLA Washington Cty Crths02.jpg
Washington County Courthouse
Seal of Washington County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded 9 December 1825
Named for George Washington
Seat Chipley
Largest city Chipley
Area
 • Total 616 sq mi (1,595 km2)
 • Land 583 sq mi (1,510 km2)
 • Water 33 sq mi (85 km2), 5.4%
Population
 • (2010) 24,935
 • Density 43/sq mi (17/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.washingtonfl.com

Washington County is a county located in the state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,935.[1] Its county seat is Chipley, Florida.[2] Washington County is a prohibition or entirely dry county, meaning that the sale of alcoholic beverages is banned in the county.

History[edit]

Washington County, Florida was created in 1825, and was nearly twice the size of the State of Delaware, stretching all the way to the Gulf of Mexico. After a century of boundary shifts, the county, with over 382,000 acres (1,546 km2) of rolling hills covered in thick, stately pines and mixed hardwood forests, now covers a large portion of the central Florida Panhandle.

Over a span of more than 150 years, Washington County has seen Native American, Spanish and English cultural influences. The County's historical lore is rich with stories of the exploits of Andrew Jackson. There are numerous Native American Mounds and evidence of strong settlements still being discovered.

Named after George Washington, the first President of the United States of America, the area was first settled by those seeking both economic and political freedom in this frontier land of vast timber and mineral resources. Inland waterway transportation brought about heavy river settlements. The arrival of railroads in the late 1800s boosted economic, social and political developments.

Vernon, the geographical center of the county derives is named for George Washington's Virginia home, Mt. Vernon. The pioneer town was also the site of a major Indian settlement.

The county courthouse was located in Vernon during the early part of this century until a railroad town in northeastern Washington County, Chipley, became the new and present county seat in 1927.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 616 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 583 square miles (1,510 km2) is land and 33 square miles (85 km2) (5.4%) is water.[3]

Adjacent Counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 859
1850 1,950 127.0%
1860 2,154 10.5%
1870 2,302 6.9%
1880 4,089 77.6%
1890 6,426 57.2%
1900 10,154 58.0%
1910 16,403 61.5%
1920 11,828 −27.9%
1930 12,180 3.0%
1940 12,302 1.0%
1950 11,888 −3.4%
1960 11,249 −5.4%
1970 11,453 1.8%
1980 14,509 26.7%
1990 16,919 16.6%
2000 20,973 24.0%
2010 24,896 18.7%
Est. 2013 24,624 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 20,973 people, 7,931 households, and 5,646 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 inhabitants per square mile (14 /km2). There were 9,503 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.72% White, 13.69% Black or African American, 1.54% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.58% from other races, and 2.05% from two or more races. 2.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,931 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 24.70% from 45 to 64, and 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 105.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,922, and the median income for a family was $33,057. Males had a median income of $26,597 versus $20,198 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,980. About 15.40% of families and 19.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.90% of those under age 18 and 19.40% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The Washington County School District includes:[9]

Libraries[edit]

The Washington County Public Library system has three branches. Washington County is also a part of the Panhandle Public Library Cooperative System. The PPLC also includes Holmes, Jackson, and Calhoun counties.

  • Sam Mitchell Public Library
  • Wausau Public Library
  • Sunny Hills Public Library

Media[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

  • Crow
  • Five Points
  • Gilberts Mill
  • Greenhead
  • Hinson's Crossroads
  • New Hope
  • Poplar Head
  • Sunny Hills

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  9. ^ District, Washington County School. "Schools". Retrieved 2009-05-26. 

External links[edit]

Government links/Constitutional offices[edit]

Special districts[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Community services[edit]

  • Washington County Council on Aging Provides senior and elderly services including meals on wheels, case management, respite, workshops and more to residents throughout Washington County, Florida.
  • UF IFAS Extension Washington County The Cooperative Extension Service is nationwide and was established by the Smith-Lever Act of 1914. It is a partnership between state land grant universities, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the county governments throughout the nation. In Florida, the Cooperative Extension Service is administered by the University of Florida. Thus, the Washington County Extension Service is a partnership between the USDA, the University of Florida and Washington County government. All of these groups share in the planning, financing, and operation of extension programs in the areas of Agriculture, Horticulture, Family and Consumer Sciences and 4H Youth Development.

Tourism links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°37′N 85°40′W / 30.61°N 85.67°W / 30.61; -85.67