Washington Park Historic District (Indianapolis, Indiana)

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Washington Park Historic District
Napoleon Complex Indianapolis 3.JPG
Faux Château de Malmaison within the district
Washington Park Historic District (Indianapolis, Indiana) is located in Indiana
Washington Park Historic District (Indianapolis, Indiana)
Location of the district in Indiana
Location Bounded by Pennsylvania Street and Central Avenue between 40th and 43rd Streets in Indianapolis, Indiana
Coordinates 39°49′51″N 86°09′08″W / 39.83083°N 86.15222°W / 39.83083; -86.15222Coordinates: 39°49′51″N 86°09′08″W / 39.83083°N 86.15222°W / 39.83083; -86.15222
Area 60 acres (24 ha)
Architect Hunter, Frank; et al.
Architectural style Late 19th And 20th Century Revivals, Bungalow/craftsman
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 08000565[1]
Added to NRHP June 24, 2008

The Washington Park Historic District is a district on the National Register of Historic Places in Indianapolis, Indiana. It was placed on the Register on June 24, 2008. It comprises nearly 60 acres (240,000 m2) and is located 4 miles (6.4 km) north of downtown Indianapolis, in the south-central part of the Meridian-Kessler neighborhood. The district includes all properties south of 43rd Street and north of 40th Street, and west of Central Avenue and east of the alley running north and south between Pennsylvania and Meridian Streets; Washington Boulevard runs north-south through the center of the district. It includes 110 contributing buildings, ranging mostly from mansions to small bungalows, and three non-contributing buildings.[2]

Washington Park was annexed by the city of Indianapolis in 1906. The streets would not be paved until November 1916, with 43rd Street not having sidewalks and pavement until 1923. The apartments in the district, built in the 1920s and 1930, attracted young professionals who not only liked the neighborhood, but saw it as "prestigious".[3]

The buildings in the district are a church (Holy Trinity Hellenic Greek Orthodox Church), two duplexes, a four-unit apartment building, eight doubles, 101 single houses, most of which were built before World War II, and two non-contributing (historically) brick houses built in 1986 and 1987 that do not contrast with the other buildings. Many of the contributing buildings are of different Revival architectural styles, particularly from Europe: Classical, Colonial, Italian Renaissance, and Tudor.[2]

Of particular note is the Harry Hartley house, which was based on Château de Malmaison, a residence of Napoleon Bonaparte. Harry Hartley sent architect William Earl Russ[4] to the original in France to replicate the French chalet in a smaller form, in effect creating a Napoleon complex in Indianapolis.[5]

Another prominent building is the home of United States Senator Albert J. Beveridge. It was here that he wrote his biography of John Marshall, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, which won a Pulitzer Prize.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ a b Washington Park Historic District Registration Form, National Register of Historic Places. Pages 1-4
  3. ^ Washington Park Historic District Registration Form, National Register of Historic Places. Page 6
  4. ^ William Earl Russ, a native of Dayton, Ohio and a graduate of Columbia University, practiced in Dayton before coming to Indianapolis in 1913; in 1934 he formed a partnership with Merritt Harrison, later considered the "dean of Indianapolis architects" (Connie J. Zeigler, in David J. Bodenhamer, Robert Graham Barrows, David Gordon Vanderstel, eds. The Encyclopedia of Indianapolis, s.v. "Harrison and Turnock (Russ and Harrison)").
  5. ^ Washington Park Historic District Registration Form, National Register of Historic Places. Page 9.
  6. ^ Washington Park Historic District Registration Form, National Register of Historic Places. Page 18