United States presidential election in Washington (state), 2008

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For the 2008 presidential election in Washington, D.C., see United States presidential election in the District of Columbia, 2008.
United States presidential election in Washington, 2008
Washington (state)
2004 ←
November 4, 2008 → 2012

  Obama portrait crop.jpg John McCain official portrait with alternative background.jpg
Nominee Barack Obama John McCain
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Illinois Arizona
Running mate Joe Biden Sarah Palin
Electoral vote 11 0
Popular vote 1,750,848 1,229,216
Percentage 57.34% 40.26%

Washington presidential election results 2008.svg

County Results
  Obama—70-80%
  Obama—60-70%
  Obama—50-60%
  Obama—<50%
  McCain—<50%
  McCain—50-60%
  McCain—60-70%
  McCain—70-80%

President before election

George W. Bush
Republican

Elected President

Barack Obama
Democratic

The 2008 United States presidential election in Washington took place on November 4, 2008 throughout all 50 states and D.C., which was part of the 2008 United States presidential election. Voters chose 11 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Washington was won by Democratic nominee Barack Obama by a 17.1% margin of victory. Prior to the election, all 17 news organizations considered this a state Obama would win, or otherwise considered as a safe blue state. No Republican presidential nominee has won the State of Washington in 20 years. Continuing on that trend, Washington stayed in the Democratic column as Obama carried the state with over 57% of the vote.

Democratic primary[edit]

The Democratic caucuses were a series of events held by the Washington State Democratic Party to determine the delegates that the Party sent to the 2008 Democratic National Convention. Delegates were selected in a four-tier process that began with precinct caucuses, was further refined in legislative district caucuses and/or county conventions, concluded for some delegates in the congressional district caucuses, and finally concluded for the remaining delegates at the state convention.

Washington also held a Democratic primary on February 19, 2008, but the Washington State Democratic Party did not use the results of the primary to determine its delegates.[1]

Delegate breakdown[edit]

The Washington State Democratic Party sent a total of 97 delegates to the 2008 Democratic National Convention. Of those delegates, 78 were pledged and 19 were unpledged. The 78 pledged delegates were allocated (pledged) to vote for a particular candidate at the National Convention according to the results of Washington's four-step caucus process. The 19 unpledged delegates were popularly called "superdelegates" because their vote represented their personal decisions, whereas the regular delegates' votes represented the collective decision of many voters. The superdelegates were free to vote for any candidate at the National Convention and were selected by the Washington State Democratic Party's officials and the pledged delegates.[2][3]

The 78 pledged delegates were further divided into 51 district delegates and 27 state-wide delegates. The 51 district delegates were divided among Washington's 9 Congressional Districts and were allocated to the presidential candidates based on the caucus results in each District. The 27 state-wide delegates were divided into 17 at-large delegates and 10 Party Leaders and Elected Officials (abbreviated PLEOs). They were allocated to the presidential candidates at the State Convention based on the preference of the 51 district delegates on June 13–15.[2][3]

Of the 19 unpledged delegates, 17 were selected in advance and 2 were selected at the State Convention. The delegates selected in advance were 7 Democratic National Committee members, the 2 Democratic U.S. Senators from Washington, Maria Cantwell and Patty Murray, the 6 Democratic U.S. Representatives from Washington, and the Democratic Governor of Washington, Christine Gregoire.[2][3]

Delegate selection process[edit]

Precinct caucuses[edit]

The precinct caucuses took place on February 9, 2008. Washington's two senators, Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell, endorsed Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton earlier in the nomination season.[4] The week before the caucuses, Washington's governor, Christine Gregoire, endorsed Senator Barack Obama.[5]

The caucuses were open to all voters who would be 18 years old by November 4, 2008. To vote, participants completed a form with their contact information and candidate preference. The form also asked voters to sign an oath stating: "I declare that I consider myself to be a DEMOCRAT and I will not participate in the nomination process of any other political party for the 2008 Presidential election." In some caucus groups, members split into smaller groups according to the candidate they supported. Voters supporting non-viable candidates had the option of moving into viable groups, and voters in viable groups could change their preference.[6] Unlike other state Democratic Party caucuses, Washington does not require a 15% threshold for allocation of delegates at the precinct level. Rules state that any fractional delegates remaining are awarded to the candidate with the most votes that do not have delegates.

Legislative District caucuses and County conventions[edit]

Democrats vote in the 43rd Legislative District Caucus, April 5, 2008

The second tier of the delegate selection process involved choosing 2,000 Legislative District delegates (and 1,000 alternates) to send to the Congressional District conventions on May 17 and the State Convention on June 13–15.[7] There are 49 Legislative Districts in Washington State. Each district was allocated a certain number of delegates.[8] Delegates were elected at either Legislative District caucuses or County conventions. Each of Washington's 39 counties has a local Democratic Party organization that determined the event at which delegate selection would take place. Most counties chose to select delegates at Legislative District caucuses on April 5. The remaining counties selected delegates at sub-caucuses during their County Conventions, most of which were held on either April 12 or April 19. The breakdown of events by date is listed below.[9][10]

April 5[edit]

Legislative District caucuses:

  • 1st through 6th
  • 8th
  • 11th
  • 12th
  • 16th (Benton County portion only, held at the 8th LD caucus)
  • 21st
  • 25th through 34th
  • 36th through 39th
  • 40th (San Juan County portion only)
  • 41st through 48th

County Convention:

  • Whatcom (40th LD)
April 12[edit]

County Conventions:

  • Clallam (24th LD)
  • Franklin (9th & 16th LDs)
  • Grays Harbor (19th, 24th & 35th LDs)
  • Kitsap (23rd & 35th LDs)
  • Kittitas (13th LD)
  • Pend Oreille (7th LD)
  • Skagit (10th & 40th LDs)
April 13[edit]

County Convention:

  • Snohomish (10th LD)
April 19[edit]

County Conventions:

  • Asotin (9th LD)
  • Chelan (13th LD)
  • Clark (15th, 17th, 18th & 49th LDs)
  • Cowlitz (18th & 19th LDs)
  • Ferry (7th LD)
  • Grant (13th LD)
  • Island (10th LD)
  • Klickitat (15th LD)
  • Lewis (20th LD)
  • Lincoln (7th LD)
  • Mason (35th LD)
  • Okanogan (7th LD)
  • Pacific (19th LD)
  • Skamania (15th LD)
  • Spokane (7th & 9th LDs)
  • Stevens (7th LD)
  • Thurston (20th, 22nd & 35th LDs)
  • Wahkiakum (19th LD)
  • Whitman (9th LD)
  • Yakima (13th, 14th & 15th LDs)
April 20[edit]

County Convention:

  • Walla Walla (16th LD)
April 26[edit]

County Convention:

  • Jefferson (24th LD)
Unknown date[edit]

County Conventions:

  • Adams (9th LD)
  • Garfield (9th LD)
  • Columbia (16th LD)

Congressional district caucuses[edit]

Fifty-one delegates were chosen at the nine congressional district caucuses. Each district was allotted a different number of delegates:

  • CD 1: 6
  • CD 2: 6
  • CD 3: 5
  • CD 4: 3
  • CD 5: 5
  • CD 6: 6
  • CD 7: 9
  • CD 8: 6
  • CD 9: 5

State convention[edit]

Twenty-nine delegates were chosen at the state convention, twenty-seven of which were pledged to vote for a particular candidate. Seventeen of these pledged delegates were "at-large" delegates that did not represent a specific Washington congressional district, and ten were party leaders and elected officials (PLEOs).

Polls[edit]

Results[edit]

Precinct caucuses[edit]

Caucus date: February 9, 2008

National pledged delegates determined: 0 (of 78)

Washington Democratic presidential precinct caucuses, 2008
96.4% of precincts reporting[11]
Candidate Precinct delegates Percentage Estimated national delegates[12]
Barack Obama 21,768 67.56% 52
Hillary Clinton 10,038 31.15% 26
Other 50 0.16% 0
Uncommitted 364 1.13% 0
Totals 32,220 100.00% 78

Primary[edit]

The Washington State Democratic Party did not use the results of the primary to determine its delegates.[1]

Primary date: February 19, 2008

National pledged delegates determined: 0 (of 78)

Key: Withdrew
prior to contest
Washington Democratic presidential primary, 2008[13]
Candidate Votes Percentage
Barack Obama 354,112 51.22%
Hillary Clinton 315,744 45.67%
John Edwards 11,892 1.72%
Dennis Kucinich 4,021 0.58%
Bill Richardson 2,040 0.30%
Joe Biden 1,883 0.27%
Mike Gravel 1,071 0.15%
Christopher Dodd 618 0.09%
Totals 691,381 100.00%

Legislative district caucuses and county conventions[edit]

Dashes indicate districts for which results are unavailable.

Caucus/Convention dates: April 5–26, 2008

National pledged delegates determined: 0 (of 78)

Washington Democratic Legislative District Caucuses
and County Conventions, 2008
61% of districts reporting
Legislative
District
Barack
Obama
Hillary
Clinton
Total State Delegates
from this LD[8]
LD1[14] 32 12 44
LD2[15] 26 14 40
LD3 33
LD4 38
LD5[16] 36 12 48
LD6[17] 29 15 44
LD7 34
LD8 33
LD9 33
LD10 43
LD11[18] 26 10 36
LD12 31
LD13 28
LD14 27
LD15 26
LD16 28
LD17 39
LD18 44
LD19 38
LD20[19] 25 13 38
LD21 40
LD22[20] 36 13 49
LD23[21] 34 11 45
LD24[22] 28 10 47
LD25[23] 26 15 41
LD26[24] 28 14 42
LD27[25] 27 12 39
LD28 34
LD29 30
LD30 35
LD31[26] 22 16 38
LD32[27] 36 14 50
LD33[28] 23 12 35
LD34[29] 38 13 51
LD35[30] 15 8 41
LD36[31] 52 15 67
LD37[31] 38 9 47
LD38[32] 23 11 34
LD39[33] 27 12 39
LD40[34] 36 9 47
LD41[35] 36 13 49
LD42[36] 33 10 43
LD43[37] 53 14 67
LD44[38] 30 13 43
LD45[39] 33 12 45
LD46[40] 45 15 60
LD47[41] 27 11 38
LD48[42] 30 11 41
LD49 38
Totals 950 369 2,000
Estimated
national delegates
0 0 78

Congressional district caucuses[edit]

Caucus date: May 17, 2008

National pledged delegates determined: 51 (of 78)

Washington Democratic Congressional District Caucuses, 2008
0% of districts reporting
Congressional District National Delegates Obama[43] National Delegates Clinton[44] National Delegates Total
CD1[45] 4 2 6
CD2 4 2 6
CD3 3 2 5
CD4 2 1 3
CD5 3 2 5
CD6 4 2 6
CD7[46] 7 2 9
CD8 4 2 6
CD9 3 2 5
Totals 34 17 51

State convention[edit]

Convention date: June 13–15, 2008

National pledged delegates determined: 27 (of 78)

Washington Democratic State Convention, 2008[3]
Candidate At-Large and PLEO delegates Percentage National delegates
Barack Obama 18 66.67% 52
Hillary Clinton 9 33.33% 26
Totals 27 100.00% 78

Republican caucuses and primary[edit]

Washington Republican caucuses and primary, 2008
Washington (state)
2004 ←
February 9, 2008 (2008-02-09) (caucus)
February 19, 2008 (primary)
→ 2012

  John McCain official photo portrait.JPG Huckabee-SF-CC-024.jpg
Candidate John McCain Mike Huckabee
Party Republican Republican
Home state Arizona Arkansas
Delegate count 16 8
Popular vote 3,228/262,304 2,959/127,657
Percentage 25.9%/49.50% 23.52%/24.09%

  Ron Paul, official Congressional photo portrait, 2007.jpg Mitt Romney by Gage Skidmore 6.jpg
Candidate Ron Paul Mitt Romney
Party Republican Republican
Home state Texas Massachusetts
Delegate count 5 0
Popular vote 2,740/40,539 1,903/86,140
Percentage 21.64%/7.65% 15.45%/16.25%

Washington Caucus Results by County, 2008.svg

Results by county.
  John McCain
  Mike Huckabee
  Ron Paul
  Mitt Romney
  Uncommited

The Republican caucuses were held on Saturday February 9 and the primary on February 19, 2008 to compete 40 total delegates, of which 18 tied to the caucuses, 19 tied to the primary, and 3 unpledged RNC member delegates.[47]

Candidates[edit]

All following candidates appeared on the ballot for voters in Washington:

Caucuses[edit]

Voting in Washington's caucuses closed at 9:00 pm EST February 9.

The Washington Republican Party declared John McCain the winner on the night of the election, after 87% of the votes were counted. Mike Huckabee disputed the results and accused the state party of calling the election prematurely. He demanded a state-wide caucus recount.[48] However, by Tuesday, February 12, the Washington Republicans again declared McCain the winner after 96% of the votes were tallied,[49] and never counted the rest of the votes.[50]

96% of precincts reporting[47]
Candidate State delegate Percentage Delegates Counties carried
John McCain 3,228 25.9% 16 11
Mike Huckabee 2,959 23.52% 8 11
Ron Paul 2,740 21.64% 5 9
Mitt Romney 1,903 15.45% 0 4
Uncommitted 1,662 13.49% 0 2
Total 12,320 100% 29 37

Primary[edit]

The primary took place on February 19, 2008.

Official results[47][51]
Candidate Votes Percentage Delegates
John McCain 262,304 49.50% 16
Mike Huckabee 127,657 24.09% 8
Mitt Romney* 86,140 16.25% 0
Ron Paul 40,539 7.65% 5
Rudy Giuliani* 5,145 0.97% 0
Fred Thompson* 4,865 0.92% 0
Alan Keyes 2,226 0.42% 0
Duncan Hunter* 799 0.19% 0
Total 529,932 100% 29

* Candidate stopped campaign before primary

Money raised[edit]

The following table shows the amount of money each Republican Party candidate raised in the state of Washington.[52]

Candidate Money raised
Mitt Romney $689,329
Ron Paul $531,471
John McCain $308,074
Rudy Giuliani $264,788
Fred Thompson $81,208
Mike Huckabee $81,208
Duncan Hunter $15,378

Campaign[edit]

Predictions[edit]

There were 17 news organizations who made state by state predictions of the election. Here are their last predictions before election day:

  1. D.C. Political Report: Democrat[53]
  2. Cook Political Report: Solid Democrat[54]
  3. Takeaway: Solid Obama[55]
  4. Election Projection: Solid Obama[56]
  5. Electoral-vote.com: Strong Democrat[57]
  6. Washington Post: Solid Obama[58]
  7. Politico: Solid Obama[59]
  8. Real Clear Politics: Solid Obama[60]
  9. FiveThirtyEight.com: Solid Obama[58]
  10. CQ Politics: Safe Democrat[61]
  11. New York Times: Solid Democrat[62]
  12. CNN: Safe Democrat[63]
  13. NPR: Solid Obama[58]
  14. MSNBC: Solid Obama[58]
  15. Fox News: Democrat[64]
  16. Associated Press: Democrat[65]
  17. Rasmussen Reports: Safe Democrat[66]

Polling[edit]

Since February 28, Obama won every pre-election poll. Since September 22, he won each poll with a double digit margin of victory. The final 3 polls averaged Obama leading 54% to 40%.

Fundraising[edit]

McCain raised a total of $2,697,999 in the state. Obama raised $16,518,208.[67]

Advertising and visits[edit]

Obama and his interest groups spent $312,869. McCain and his interest groups spent just $2,264.[68] The Democratic ticket visited the state once, while the Republican ticket did not visit at all.[69]

Analysis[edit]

Washington once leaned Republican, like most of the Pacific Northwest. From 1952 to 1984, it only went Democratic twice—in 1968 and 1964. However, it has voted for the Democratic presidential nominee in every presidential election since 1988. Neither candidate seriously contested the state as it was viewed as a safe blue state. Like Oregon, the state is divided politically by the urban/rural divide and geographically by the Cascade Mountains. The two are related in that nearly all of the major cities lie west of the Cascades. Most of the state's population resides in Western Washington along the Pacific Coast and in highly urbanized areas like Seattle. The Seattle area, home to almost two-thirds of the state's population, is overwhelmingly Democratic. The rest of Western Washington leans Democratic as well, though the lean is not as pronounced as in the greater Seattle area. In contrast, Eastern Washington is very rural, and in many ways more similar to Idaho than Seattle. Republicans have had an edge here for many years, in part to its strong tinge of social conservatism. As a result, while Republicans typically win more counties, the overwhelming Democratic trend in the more-heavily populated western portion is enough to swing the whole state to the Democrats.

On Election Day, Obama won the state by 17.08%. He swept the more urban counties along the Western Seaboard, which compose the Democratic base. More than two-thirds of the state's population lives in this area; this makes it very difficult for a Republican to win the state because of this region's liberal tilt. Obama would have been assured a victory in any event due to his performance in the Seattle area. He carried King County, home to Seattle itself and its close suburbs and just over a third of the state's population, with 69.97 percent of the vote—almost three-fifths of his statewide majority. Obama also swept the two other big counties in Western Washington, Pierce (home to Tacoma) and Snohomish (home to Everett by decisive margins. His combined majority in King, Pierce and Snohomish counties would have been more than enough to carry the state. McCain only won one county in the western part of the state, Lewis County, traditionally the most socially conservative county west of the Cascades.

On the other hand, McCain did extremely well in Eastern Washington. Neither Al Gore or John Kerry was able to take a single county in Eastern Washington; in 2008, Obama only won one small county, Whitman County, home to Washington State University in Pullman. Nevertheless, as with Oregon, McCain's margins in the eastern part of the state were far outweighed by Obama's landslides in the more populated coastal regions and cities in the western part of the state. Obama did, however, improve substantially in Eastern Washington, especially in the region's largest county, Spokane County, home to the city of Spokane.

During the same election, incumbent Democratic Governor Christine Gregoire was reelected to a second term with 53.72% of the vote over Republican Dino Rossi who took 46.28%. At the state level, Democrats picked up one seat in the Washington House of Representatives while Republicans picked up a seat in the Washington Senate.

Results[edit]

United States presidential election in Washington, 2008
Party Candidate Running mate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Barack Obama Joe Biden 1,750,848 57.34% 11
Republican John McCain Sarah Palin 1,229,216 40.26% 0
Independent Ralph Nader Matt Gonzalez 29,489 0.97% 0
Write-ins Write-ins 14,880 0.49% 0
Libertarian Bob Barr Wayne Allyn Root 12,728 0.42% 0
Constitution Chuck Baldwin Darrell Castle 9,432 0.31% 0
Green Cynthia McKinney Rosa Clemente 3,819 0.13% 0
Others Others 6,642 0.22% 0
Totals 3,057,054 100.00% 11
Voter turnout (Voting age population) 62.2%

Results breakdown[edit]

By county[edit]

By congressional district[edit]

Barack Obama carried seven of the state’s nine congressional districts, including one district held by a Republican.

District McCain Obama Representative
1st 35.93% 62.44% Jay Inslee
2nd 42.00% 55.60% Rick Larsen
3rd 45.66% 52.37% Brian Baird
4th 57.84% 40.30% Doc Hastings
5th 51.54% 45.97% Cathy McMorris Rodgers
6th 40.51% 57.43% Norman D. Dicks
7th 14.96% 83.54% Jim McDermott
8th 41.83% 56.62% Dave Reichert
9th 39.47% 58.72% Adam Smith

Electors[edit]

Technically the voters of Washington cast their ballots for electors: representatives to the Electoral College. Washington is allocated 11 electors because it has 9 congressional districts and 2 senators. All candidates who appear on the ballot or qualify to receive write-in votes must submit a list of 11 electors, who pledge to vote for their candidate and his or her running mate. Whoever wins the majority of votes in the state is awarded all 11 electoral votes. Their chosen electors then vote for President and Vice President. Although electors are pledged to their candidate and running mate, they are not obligated to vote for them.[70] An elector who votes for someone other than his or her candidate is known as a faithless elector.

The electors of each state and the District of Columbia met on December 15, 2008 to cast their votes for President and Vice President. The Electoral College itself never meets as one body. Instead the electors from each state and the District of Columbia met in their respective capitols.

The following were the members of the Electoral College from the state. All 11 were pledged to Barack Obama and Joe Biden:[71]

  1. Jeff Siddiqui[72]
  2. Maggie Hanson
  3. Jane Buchanan‐Banks
  4. Pat M. Notter
  5. Marcus Riccelli[73]
  6. Bradford Donovan
  7. Lesley Ahmed[74]
  8. Di A. Irons [75]
  9. Calvin Edwards
  10. Kristine Fallstone
  11. John Daniels

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Yardley, William (2008-02-18). "In Washington State Vote, Relevance Is an Issue". The New York Times. 
  2. ^ a b c "Washington State Delegate Selection Plan For The 2008 Democratic National Convention" (PDF). Washington State Democratic Party. 2007-08-23. Archived from the original on 2008-04-23. Retrieved 2008-04-29. 
  3. ^ a b c d Berg-Andersson, Richard (2008-03-01). "Washington Democrat Presidential Nominating Process". The Green Papers. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  4. ^ "Murray endorses Clinton". Seattle Times Company. 2008-01-31. Retrieved 2008-02-08.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  5. ^ McGann, Chris (2008-02-08). "Gregoire endorses Obama". Seattle PI. Retrieved 2008-02-08. 
  6. ^ Washington State Democrats - Caucuses FAQ
  7. ^ "The 2008 Washington State Democratic Caucus-Convention Cycle" (PDF). 46th District Democrats. 2007-12-02. Retrieved 2008-04-25. 
  8. ^ a b Ravens, Jaxon. "Delegates and Alternates Allocated to each County and Legislative District for the Congressional District Caucuses and the State Convention" (PDF). 34th District Democrats. Retrieved 2008-04-25. 
  9. ^ "Washington State Democrats - Legislative District Caucuses". Washington State Democratic Party. Retrieved 2008-04-25. 
  10. ^ "Washington State Democrats - County Conventions". Washington State Democratic Party. Retrieved 2008-04-25. 
  11. ^ "Caucus Results by Jurisdiction". Washington State Democratic Party. 2008-02-12. Retrieved 2008-02-12. 
  12. ^ Washington State Democrats
  13. ^ "President - Democratic Party Federal (Statewide)". Washington Secretary of State. 2008-03-07. Retrieved 2008-03-08. 
  14. ^ DeGolier, Cheryl (2008-04-06). "LD Caucus Results and Observations". Snohomish County Democrats. Retrieved 2008-04-27. 
  15. ^ "Yelm Starts Democrat Caucuses". The Olympian Online. Retrieved 2008-04-26. [dead link]
  16. ^ "2008 Legislative District Caucuses". 5th District Democrats. Archived from the original on 2008-04-10. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  17. ^ Brewer, Andrew. "Final Credentials Report April 5th 6th LD Caucus". 6th Legislative District Democrats. Retrieved 2008-04-28. [dead link]
  18. ^ Brede, Alene. "April 5th 11th LD Preliminary Caucus Results". 11th Legislative District Democrats. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  19. ^ The 20th LD met at 2 different places: the Thurston and Lewis County Conventions. Thurston County portion "Caucus Results". Thurston County Democrats. Retrieved 2008-05-10.  Lewis County Portion "Delegates elected to state". Lewis County Democrats. Retrieved 2008-05-10. [dead link]
  20. ^ "Caucus Results". Thurston County Democrats. Retrieved 2008-04-27. 
  21. ^ "LD Caucus Results were". Retrieved 2008-05-10. 
  22. ^ The 24th LD met at 3 different places: the Clallam, Grays Harbor, and Jefferson County Conventions. Clallam County portion "2008 Elected Delegates". Clallam Democrats. Archived from the original on 2008-06-24. Retrieved 2008-05-15.  Jefferson County Portion "Results of the Jefferson County Convention, April 26, 2008". Jefferson County Democrats. Retrieved 2008-05-15.  Grays Harbor portion (still waiting)
  23. ^ Stokes, Charley. "HUNDREDS OF ENTHUSIASTIC DEMOCRATS FILL PHS AUDITORIUM". 25th Legislative District Democrats. Retrieved 2008-05-10. 
  24. ^ "http://www.26dems.org/Pages/caucus.htm". 
  25. ^ "27th LD CD Caucus and WS Convention Del and Alt 2008". 27th Legislative District Democrats. Retrieved 2008-05-15. [dead link]
  26. ^ "http://www.31stdistrictdemocrats.org/LDcaucusdelegates.htm". 
  27. ^ "http://32ld.snohomishdemocrats.org/?q=2008_LD_Caucus". 
  28. ^ "http://www.33rddems.org/caucus2008.php". 
  29. ^ "http://www.34dems.org/news_caucus-2008-ldresults.htm". 
  30. ^ The 35th LD met at 4 different places: the Mason, Thurston, Grays Harbor, and Kitsap County Conventions. Mason County portion "Results". Mason County Democratic Central Committee. Retrieved 2008-04-28.  Thurston County portion: "Caucus Results". Thurston County Democrats. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  31. ^ a b "http://www.37dems.org/". 
  32. ^ "http://www.snohomishdemocrats.org/?q=node/462". 
  33. ^ "http://wa-democrats-39ld.org/". 
  34. ^ The 40th LD met at 3 different places: the Whatcom County Convention, the Skagit County Convention, and San Juan county's 40th LD caucus. Skagit County portion: "Delegates by the Numbers". Skagit Valley Herald. 2008-04-13. pp. A–6.  Whatcom County portion: McClendon, Natalie (2008-04-12). "Local Democrats Elect Delegates to Congressional District Caucus". Whatcom County Democrats. Retrieved 2008-04-28.  San Juan portion: "San Juan 2008 Results of the 40th Legislative District Caucus". Democrats of San Juan County Washington. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  35. ^ "41st Legislative District Caucus Results". 41st District Democrats. 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  36. ^ McClendon, Natalie (2008-04-12). "Local Democrats Elect Delegates to Congressional District Caucus". Whatcom County Democrats. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  37. ^ "Caucus Results". 43rd District Democrats of Washington. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  38. ^ DeWitt, Rick. "Legislative District Caucus". 44th Legislative District Democrats of Washington State. Retrieved 2008-04-28. [dead link]
  39. ^ "45th LD Democrats - Caucus Information". 45th District Democrats. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  40. ^ "WA46Dems - LD Caucus Results". 46th District Democrats. Retrieved 2008-04-25. 
  41. ^ "LD Caucus Results". 47th District Democrats. Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  42. ^ "LD Caucus Results". 48th District Democrats. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  43. ^ "WA National Delegate List". Obama Campaign. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  44. ^ Derived by deducting reported Obama numbers from total delegates for each CD.
  45. ^ DeGolier, Cheryl (2008-05-19). "1st Congressional District Caucus Results". 1st District Democrats. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  46. ^ "CD Caucus Results". 46th District Democrats. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  47. ^ a b c "RESULTS: Washington". CNN. February 9, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2008. 
  48. ^ "Mike Huckabee wants retraction, caucus recount". The Seattle Times. February 11, 2008. 
  49. ^ "Washington Caucus Updates Show McCain is Still GOP Winner, Despite Huckabee Challenge". FoxNews.com. February 12, 2008. Retrieved January 10, 2009. [dead link]
  50. ^ Nate Silver (March 2, 2012). "In Washington Caucus, Expect the Unexpected". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved March 3, 2012. 
  51. ^ "President - Republican Party". Washington Secretary of State. 2008-03-07. Retrieved 2008-05-24. 
  52. ^ "CNN Map: Campaign money race". 
  53. ^ http://www.dcpoliticalreport.com/Predictions.html
  54. ^ http://www.cookpolitical.com/presidential#belowMap
  55. ^ Adnaan (2008-09-20). "Track the Electoral College vote predictions". The Takeaway. Retrieved 2009-11-14. 
  56. ^ http://www.electionprojection.com/2008elections/president08.shtml
  57. ^ http://electoral-vote.com/evp2008/Pres/Maps/Dec31.html
  58. ^ a b c d Based on Takeaway
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