Wassen

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Wassen
Kirche Wassen.jpg
Coat of arms of Wassen
Coat of arms
Wassen is located in Switzerland
Wassen
Wassen
Coordinates: 46°42′N 8°35′E / 46.700°N 8.583°E / 46.700; 8.583Coordinates: 46°42′N 8°35′E / 46.700°N 8.583°E / 46.700; 8.583
Country Switzerland
Canton Uri
District n.a.
Area[1]
 • Total 96.89 km2 (37.41 sq mi)
Elevation 930 m (3,050 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 429
 • Density 4.4/km2 (11/sq mi)
Postal code 6484
SFOS number 1220
Surrounded by Attinghausen, Engelberg (OW), Erstfeld, Gadmen (BE), Göschenen, Gurtnellen
Website www.wassen.ch
SFSO statistics

Wassen is a municipality in the canton of Uri in Switzerland.

Geography[edit]

Double loop curved tunnel on the Gotthardbahn rail line near Wassen

Wassen has an area, as of 2006, of 97 km2 (37 sq mi). Of this area, 12.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 18.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (68.1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3] In the 1993/97 land survey, 9.6% of the total land area was heavily forested, while 6.8% is covered in small trees and shrubbery. Of the agricultural land, 2.5% is used for orchards or vine crops and 10.1% is used for alpine pastures. Of the settled areas, 0.2% is covered with buildings, and 0.8% is transportation infrastructure. Of the unproductive areas, 0.1% is unproductive standing water (ponds or lakes), 1.2% is unproductive flowing water (rivers), 48.5% is too rocky for vegetation, and 18.3% is other unproductive land.[4]

It is on the Gotthard line and the rail line makes a double loop near Wassen to help the trains deal with the climb. The Susten Pass connects Wassen with Innertkirchen.

Demographics[edit]

Wassen in 1845

Wassen has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 429.[2] As of 2007, 7.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -16%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (94.2%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common (2.4%) and Italian being third (1.3%).[3] As of 2007 the gender distribution of the population was 51.8% male and 48.2% female.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the FDP party received 85.9% of the vote.[3]

In Wassen about 53% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Wassen has an unemployment rate of 0.64%. As of 2005, there were 43 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 18 businesses involved in this sector. 34 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 7 businesses in this sector. 121 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 18 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[6]

year population
1970 764
1980 671
1990 545
2000 465
2005 466
2007 456

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 09-Sep-2009
  4. ^ Canton Uri - Ground use statistics (German) accessed 8 September 2009
  5. ^ Uri Population statistics (German) accessed 8 September 2009
  6. ^ Uri in Numbers 2009/10 edition (German) accessed 8 September 2009