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Waste legislation dictates the way waste should be managed and disposed of by some form of waste management. It ranges from international and regional agreements, to national laws, to state/ provincial and local laws.
EU waste legislation
- Battery Directive
- Landfill Directive
- Waste Framework Directive
- Waste Incineration Directive
- WEEE Directive
- Hazardous Waste Regulations (2005), revised 2009
- Duty of Care regulations, transposed into the Waste (England and Wales) Regulations 2011
Best Available Treatment (BAT) BATRRT (Guidance on Best Available Treatment, Recovery and Recycling)
UK waste legislation
UK waste legislation is derived predominantly from EU governance and transposed into UK law via Statutory Instruments.
- Animal By-Products Regulations (ABPR)
- Best practicable environmental option (BPEO)
- Certificate of Technical Competence (COTC)
- Control of pollution act
- Environment Act 1995
- Environmental Impact Assessment
- Environmental Protection Act
- Landfill Allowance Trading Scheme (LATS)
- Landfill in the UK
- Landfill tax
- Landfill Tax Regulations
- Waste Management Licensing Regulations
UK regulatory bodies
UK waste management facilities register for one or some of 28 standard permits, may opt for an exemption from licensing or complete a bespoke permit. Persons or organisations wishing to transport waste (other than their own) must purhchase a waste carrier license. Producers of hazardous wastes are required (where they produce in excess of 500 kilograms per annum) to register as a hazardous waste producer.
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- Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) "Superfund"
- Medical Waste Tracking Act
- National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) - Established the Environmental Protection Agency, set out requirements for Environmental Impact Reporting for various kinds of development.
- Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) - One of the main pieces of Legislation regarding municipal solid waste, hazardous wastes, and disposal issues.
US regulatory bodies
- United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - regulates generation and disposal of hazardous waste
- United States Department of Transportation (DOT) - regulates transportation of hazardous waste
- Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) - regulates nuclear waste
US state laws
In addition to laws implementing or advancing portions of the US laws some US states have enacted laws on other waste and environmental subjects.
- California Proposition 65 "The Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986" - a 1986 California initiative prohibiting the discharge of toxic substances into drinking water sources
- Electronic Waste Recycling Act - a 2003 California law regarding disposal of consumer electronic wastes